Cost Plus a government contract to pay a manufacturer the cost to produce an item plus a guaranteed percentage War Production Board government agency that decided which companies would make war materials and how to distribute raw ma… Office of War worked with magazine publishers to hire writers/artists to create posters.ads to stir patriotic feel… Mobilization act of assembling and putting into readiness for war or other emergency: "mobilization of the troops" Disenfranchised deprived of the rights of citizenship especially the right to vote "Double V" African-Americans demanded a "Double V" campaign to gain victory over racial discrimination at home … Campaign several related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal (usually within geographical and tem…
Robert E. Lee Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together … Copperheads a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil … James Mason Confederacy sent this man to Britain to appeal to their help to fight against the Union and be recog… John Slidell Confederacy sent this man to France to appeal to their help to fight against the Union and be recogn… Trent Affair a union warship which forcibly removed two confederate diplomats bound for Europe. Britain were outr… Anaconda Plan the Union (Northern) plan devised by General Winfield Scott to blockade the south and restrict its t…
John C. Breckinridge Vice President under James Buchanan, he was also a senator from Kentucky. He ran for Presidnet in 18… John Bell Presidential candidate of the Constitutional Union Party. He drew votes away from the Democrats, hel… Fort Sumter Site of the opening engagement of the Civil War. On December 20, 1860, South Carolina had seceded fr… Crittenden's Compromise slavery would be legel were it was already there and bring back Missouri compromise line Confederacy the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861 Jefferson Davis From 1860-1865, he was the president of the Southern Confederate States after their succession from …
Science vocab exam97 terms
acceleration the rate at which velocity changes air resistance fluid friction acting on an object moving through the air alternating current a flow of electric charge that regularly reverses its direction Archimedes' principle the equivalence of the buoyant force on an object and the weight of the fluid displaced by the object amplitude the maximum displacement of a medium from the rest position buoyancy the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object placed in it buoyant force an upward force acting on an object in a fluid
Chapter 17 science vocab14 terms
Medium the material through which wave travels. Crest the highest point of the wave above the rest position. Trough the lowest point of the wave below the rest position. Compression an area where the particles in a medium are spaced close together. Longitudinal wave a wave which the vibration of the medium ia paralled to the directions the wave travels. Tranverse wave a wave that couses the medium to vibrate at right angles to the direction in which the wave travels. Period the time required for on cycle, a complete motion that returns to its starting point.
Chapter 136 terms
Pressure the result of a force distributed over an area. Fluid a substance that assumes the shape of its container. Lift the pressure difference between the top and the wing creates an upward force. Buoyancy the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object placed in it. Archimede 's principle the equivalence of the buoyant force on an object and the weight of the fluid displaced by the object Buoyant force an upward force acting on an object in a fluid
Chapter 1210 terms
Force a push or pull that acts of an object Net force the overall force acting on an object after all the forces are combined Friction a force that opposes the motion of objects that touch as they move past each other Air resistance fluid friction acting on an object moving through the air Gravity force that acts between any two masses Terminal velocity the constant velocity of a falling object when the force of air resistance equals the force of gravity Inertia the tendency of an object to resist a change in its motion
Chapter 11 vocab6 terms
average speed the total distance travel,d, divided by the time,t, it takes to travel that distance. instantaneous speed the rate at which an object is moving at a given moment in time. velocity the speed and direction in which an object is moving acceleration the rate at which velocity changes speed the ratio of the distance an object moves to the amount of time that object moves. free call the movement of an object toward Earth because of gravity
Chapter 1.3 and 1.413 terms
Scientific notation a way of expressing a value as the product of a number between 1 and 10 and a power of 10 Length straight-line distance between two points, is the meter (m) Mass quantity of matter in an object or sample, the kilogram (kg) Volume amount of space taken up by an object Density the ratio of an object's mass to its volume Precision a gauge of how exact measurement is Conversion factor a ratio of equivalent measurements that is used to convert a quantity expressed in one unit to anoth…
Chapter 3 math vocab14 terms
Alternate exterior angles For the two lines intersected by a transversal, a pair of angles that lie on opposite sides of the t… Alternate interior angles For the two lines intersected by a transversal, a pair of angles that lie on opposite sides of the t… Distance from a point to a line The length of the perpendicular segment from the point to the line Parallel lines Lines in the same plane that do not intersect Parallel planes Planes that do not intersect Perpendicular lines Lines that intersect at 90 degree angles Point-slope form y-y1=m(x-x1), where m is the slope and (x1,y1) is a point on the line
chapter 3 people and places for exam10 terms
Harappa and Monhejo-Daro the two ancient cities that were at the center of the Indus Valley civilization in India Asoka Known as the greatest king in Indian History; converted to Buddhism and strove to unite India throug… Mauryan Empire The first great empire of India; founded in 324 B.C. by Chandragupta Maurya Gupta Empire Long-lasting Indian Empire noted for its artistic and philosophical achievement; founded in 320 A.D. Confucius The "Great Teacher" of China whose philosophical system stressed a respect for others and doing your… Shang Dynasty First major empire of China (1750 B.C.-1045 B.C.); their kings were often buried with their servants Zhou Dynasty An empire that overthrew the Shang Dynasty, ruled from 1045 B.C.-256 B.C., and created a written Chi…
chapter 4 people and places13 terms
Minoans Early Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete; had their capital at Knossos Mycenaeans Early Greek people group who were warlike barbarians; according to Homer, they defeated the Trojans Homer A Greek poet who supposedly wrote the Illiad and the Odyssey Delian Laegue An organization formed by the Greeks for defense against the Persians; eventually this was dominated… Delphi The location of the most famous Greek oracle Socrates Greek philosopher who encouraged the youth of Athens to question everything; was sentenced to death … Plato Greek philosopher who was a student of Socrates; focused on ideal forms
chapter 4 vocab for exam14 terms
Arete in early Greece, the qualities of excellence that a hero strives to win in a struggle or contest Polis the early Greek city- state, consisting of a city or town and its surrounding countryside Acropolis in early Greek city-state, a fortified gathering place at the top of the hill that was sometimes tha… Agora in early Greek city- state, an open area that served as a gathering place and as a market Tyrant a ruler who seized power by force from the aristocrats gained support from the newly rich or poor, a… Democracy "the ruler of the many", government by the people, either directly or through their elected represen… Oligarchy "the rule of few", a form of government in which a select group of people exercises controls.
chapter 8 people and places12 terms
Sui Dynasty The rulers who reunited China after 350 years of chaos and ruled from 581-618; under this dynasty, t… Tang Dynasty This Chinese dynasty that ruled from 618-907. Under its rule the Chinese developed many technical ad… Song Dynasty A Chinese dynasty that ruled from 960-1279; blessed with economic prosperity and cultural achievemen… Yuan(Mongol) Dynasty A Chinese dynasty that ruled from 960-1279; blessed with economic prosperity and cultural achievemen… Wu Zhao A Chinese empress during the Tang dynasty Genghis Khan The "Strong Ruler" of the Mongols who took over large parts of Asia before his death in 1227 Kublai Khan The grandson of Genghis Khan who completed the Mongol conquest of China and set up the Mongol empire…
chapter 6 people and places for exam7 terms
Makkah The biggest city and religious center in pre-Islam Arabia; Mohammad fled from here, then came back a… Muhammad Known as "The Prophet", he recieved a revelation from God and wrote the Quran. Credited with startin… Umayyad Dynasty The first extended dynasty of the Islamic world; conquered all the way from Persia to Spain, but onl… Abbasid Dynasty A group of people who overthrew the Umayyad Dynasty; known for being very wealthy through trade. All… Seljuk Turks A group of people from central Asia who overthrew the caliph but allowed him to keep religious power… Saladin Muslim ruler who reconquered Jerusalem during the Crusades. Cordoba Muslim capital city of Spain.
Chapter 5 people and places for exam14 terms
Carthage City-state that fought against Rome during the three Punic Wars Hannibal General who led the Carthaginian army during the Second Punic War; crossed the Alps and defeated mul… Marius Roman general who gained great power by instilling a sense of personal loyalty in his troops; he was… Sulla Roman general with a loyal army that he used to win a civil war and take control of Rome; he used vi… Julius Caesar Part of the First Triumvirate who "crossed the Rubicon" with his army and took control of Rome; made… Octavian/ Caesar Augustus Otherwise known as Augustus Caesar, a member of the Second Triumvirate who eventually took over Rome… Vigil Roman poet who wrote the epic poem Aeneid
Chapter 5 vocab14 terms
periodic table an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set properties that repeat from row to row. period each row in the table of elements. group each column on the periodic table. a atomic mass unit (amu) defined as one twelfth the mass of a carbon - 12 atom. metals elements that are good conductors of electric current and heat. trasition metals elements that form a bridge between the elements on the left and right sides of the table. nonmetals elements that are poor conductors of heat and electric current.
Chapter 812 terms
scholar- gentry in China, a group of people who controlled much of the land and produced most of the cadidates for t… khanate one of the several separtate territories into which Genghis Khan's empire was spit, each under the r… porcelain a ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperature neo-confucianism a revised form of confucianism that evolved as a response to Buddism and held sway in China from the… samurai " those who serve", Japanese warriors similar to the knights of medieval Europe. daimyo "great names" heads of noble families in Japan who controlled vast landed estates and relied on samu… bushido "the way of warrior" the strict code by which Japanese samurai were supposed to live.
Chapter 7 vocab for exam7 terms
Savanna broad grassland dotted with small trees and shrobs Subsistence farming the practice of growing just enough crops for personal use, not for sale Stateless society a group of independent villages organized into dans and led by a local ruler or clan head without an… Swahili a mixed African- Arabic culture that developed along that east coast of Africa, also, the major lang… Lineage group an extended family unit that has combined into a larger community Diviner a person who is believed to have the power to foretell Griot a special class of African storytellers who help keep alive a people's history
Chapter 6 vocab for exam12 terms
Shiekh the ruler of an Arabic tribe, chosen from on of the leading families by a council of elders Allah Arabic for "god", the supreme god of Islam Quran the holy scriptures of the religion of Islam Islam monotheistic religion that emerged in the Arabian Peninsula during the seventh century A.D Hajj a pilgrimage to Makkah, one of the requirements of the Five Pillars of Islam Shari'ah a law code drawn up by Muslim scholars after Muhammad's death, its provided believers with a set of … Caliph a successor of Muhammad as spiritual and temporal leader of the Muslims
Chapter5 (5.4-5.5)6 terms
Procurator a Roman province placed under the direction of an official Clergy church leaders Laity regular church members New Testament the second part of the Christian Bible, its provider a record of Jesus'life and teachings Plague an epidemic disease Inflation a rapid increase in prices
Chapter 5 vocab for exam8 terms
Republic a form of government in which the leader is not a king and certain citizens have the right to vote Patrician wealthy, powerful landowners, they formed the ruling class in the Roman Republic Plebeian in the roman republic, a social class made up of minor landholders, craftspeople, merchants and smal… Clergy church leaders Laity regular church members Inflation a rapid increase in prices New Testament the second part of the Christian Bible, its provider a record of Jesus' life and teachings
people and places33 terms
Tigris and Euphrates rivers 2 main rivers of Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia the land between the Tigris and Euphrates. Fertile Crescent an arc of rich farmland in southwest asia, between the Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Sea. Sumerians the creators of 1st Mesopotamian civilization. Akkadians semitic language. Sargon the king of Akkadian, overran the Summerian city-statesand set up the world's 1st empire. Babylon a city-state south of Akkad.
chapter 2 vocab23 terms
Pure substance Matter that always has exactly the same composition , element , or compound Element A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances Atom the smallest particle of an element compound a substance that is made from two or more simpler substance and can be broken down into these simple… heterogenous mixture a type of mixture in which the parts of the mixture are noticeably different from one another solution a mixture that forms when substances dissolve and form a homogeneous mixture suspension a heterogeneous mixture that separates into layers over time
chapter 1 vocab11 terms
prehistory the period before writing was developed archaeology the study of past societies through an analysis of the items people left behind them artifact tools , pottery , paintings , weapons , buildings , and household items left behind by early people anthropology the study of human life and culture based on artifacts and human fossils hominid humans and other humanlike creatures that walk upright australopithecus the earliest humanlike creature that flourished in eastern and southern Africa 3 to 4 million yeards… homo sapiens sapiens " wise, wise human" a species that appeared in Africa between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago , they w…