5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Addison's disease
- What influences expression of tyrosine hydroxylase?
- What is the effect of insulin on most cells?
- Parathyroid adenoma
- significance of zinc fingers in steroid receptors
- a What is the number one cause of hyperparathyroidism?
- b Tyrosine hydroxylase TH is influenced by the activity of the preganglionic neuron, known as trans-synaptic regulation
- c Disorder of the adrenal cortex: an adrenocortical insufficiency
* Caused by destruction of adrenal cortex, TB, cancer, or hemorrhage, & atrophy of adrenal cortex
* Secondary adrenocortical insufficiency is caused by prolonged administration of corticosteroids
- d Insulin causes protein synthesis in most cells resulting in decreased free amino acids
- e allows receptor to interpolate itself into DNA
5 Multiple choice questions
- How do you diagnose renal secondary hyperparathyroidism?
- adrenaline; activates a sympathetic nervous system by making the heart beat faster, stopping digestion, enlarging pupils, sending sugar into the bloodstream, preparing a blood clot faster
- Epinephrine and glucagon act contrarily to cortisol by inhibiting glycogenesis and increasing glycogenolysis
- vascularization of the pituitary; resulting in transfer of hypothalamic secretions to anterior pituitary for regulation
- H2 Histamine receptors.
5 True/False questions
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone → ACTH
Hypothalamus → Regulates and coordinates responses to changes in the external and internal environment
Glucagon → The antagonist of insulin. Its release is stimulated by low blood glucose levels. It stimulates the liver, its primary target organ, to break down its glycogen stores to glucose and subsequently to release glucose to the blood.
adrenergic receptor mode of function → Cortisol (adrenals)
basophil hormones → glycoprotein hormones which are comprised of two chains: alpha subunit is conserved throughout a species, beta subunit confers specificity. Examples include LH, FSH, TSH, ACTH