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What I need to have memorized for SOCI midterm
Terms in this set (25)
Horwitz's three structuring factors are
1. cultural systems of interpretations
2. Identity categories
3. media and professional templates of disorder
Media and professional templates of disorder, meaning
how media and professionals portray mental illnesses and that will determine how people with that mental illness will be themselves
what is ok for someone like that person to experience and it is often tied to gender, race and ethnicity
Cultural systems of interpretations
how the illness presents itself in a certain culture. It is about what you are remembering and what you are forgetting
What happens when someone finally gets into treatment?
They can give up trying to appear normal and let everything they have been trying to hold together out. It can be devastating experience for some and they have to choose whether they themselves are salvageable or hopeless to their mental illness. People seeking help are highly self-selected and use contextual information to decide they exceed ordinary responses to stressful events
The complaint is
the person who retrospectively appears to have started the person on his way to the hospital
The mediator is
the sequence of agents and agencies that the prepatient is referred and relayed to on their way to the hospital which include police, general medical practitioners, lawyers, social service workers, etc.
In the extrusory model, what are the moral aspects of their career?
They start out as abandonment, disloyalty, and embitterment.
Four psychological approaches to mental health
psychoanalytic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic-existential and family systems.
The psychoanalytic model states that
early stressors and events can affect adult functioning. The goal of psychoanalysis as a way of therapy was for the patient to experience insight and catharsis. Freud was a proponent of this model with his psychosexual stages. Defense mechanisms are backed by this model.
The cognitive-behavioral model states that
people are information processing systems that attempt to predict and understand events in the world with the goal of maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain.
when things getting significantly worse when they are added together than if they were alone. For example having a agoraphobia is worse if you lived in a violent neighborhood.
The family systems model believes
individuals can be better understood in their immediate social context, usually their family. The family member with symptoms is the identified patient, but all of the family members can contribute to the symptoms.The goal to establish a healthy equilibrium.
What do the four psychological approaches to mental illness miss?
the value of empiricism and scientific testing
The biological basis on brain structure deals with what
hormones, genetics and sees mental illnesses as a curable disease, just like any other disease
Biological viewpoints miss what?
societal factors and contexts
How do biological viewpoints see things
on micro levels and don't see society, they focus on the brain/central nervous system.
Instead of inquiring 'why does someone have depression?' what does the biological viewpoint inquire?
'why do someone's synapses and serotonin levels deviating from normal human functioning?'
How does the biological viewpoints help stigma and self-esteem?
This viewpoints blames the brain chemistry and biology of the mental illnesses and scapegoats the root of the illness to that. The patient is not blamed or looked down upon for having the illness because it is something out of their control.
rules or principles of behavior
assign only one primary diagnosis using hierarchical format and categorize individuals into dichotomous outcomes. This means they either fit criteria for a disorder or not.
Proponents of diagnostic measures believe what
mental disorder is qualitatively distinct from other disorders and from normal human functioning
have a series of items asking respondents symptoms on a presence/absence frequency and measures intensity of symptom severity during a short time period.
How many areas do dimensional measures assess?
they assess one or more areas of symptomatology.
What do dimensional measures provide
overall score for the area of distress that has cutpoints or threshold levels that differentiate between 'cases' and 'noncases'
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