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Chapter 7: Acids, Bases, & Solutions
a well-mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one solute.
the part of a solution present in the largest amount.
is a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not settle out.
what gets dissolved by the solvent
is a mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated by settling or filtration.
a mixture that has only a little solute dissolved in a certain amount of solvent.
a solution that has a lot of solute dissolved in the same amount of solvent.
is a measure of how much solute can dissolve in a solvent at a given temperature.
if you can continue to add more solute to the solution
has more dissolved solute than is predicted by its solubility at the given temperature.
a substance that tastes sour, reacts with metals and carbonates, and turns blue litmus paper red
they eat away at other materials
compound that changes color when in contact with an acid or a base
substance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns red litmus paper blue
hydrogen ion (H+)
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
hydroxide ion (OH-)
the negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
range of values from 0-14.
reaction between an acid and a base
any ionic compound that can be made from the neutralization of an acid with a base
any substance that produces hydrogen ions in water
breaks down the complex molecules of foods into smaller molecules
physical process where large pieces of food are torn and ground into smaller pieces
breaks large molecules into smaller ones