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Politics of the United States
Ch.4 Sections.1-4 Government
Terms in this set (51)
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Powers the consitution grants or delegates to the national government.; Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the National Government by the constitution
Powers directly expressed or stated in the constitution by the founders.; Also called enumerated powers
Those delegated powers of the National Government that are suggested by the expressed powers set out in the Constitution; those "necessary and proper" to carry out the expressed powers ; Powers that the national government requires to carry out the powers that are expressly defined in the constitution.
Necessary and Proper Clause
Constitutional clause that gives congress the power to make all laws "necessary and proper" for executing its powers
often called for necessary and proper clause.
Those powers that can be exercised by the National Government alone
Powers that the national government may exercise simply because it is a government. Example: To regulate immigration
Certain powers reserved by the Constitution strictly for states.
Article VI, Section 2, of the Constitution makes the acts and treaties of the United States supreme. ; Constitutional declaration (Article VI) that the Constitution and laws made under its provisions are the greatest law of the land
Powers that both the national government and the states have.
Article I sec. 9, enumerates those things the national government cannot do. ; ex: no state can make treaties or alliances with foreign government , nor can states coin money ..
a congressional act directing the people of a United States territory to frame a proposed State constitution as a step towards admission to the Union
Act of Admission
a congressional act admitting a new state to the union
Laws relating to disputes between individuals, groups, or with the state.
Formal agreement entered into with the consent of Congress, between or among States, or between a state and a foreign state.
States' rights position
- Favors state and local action in dealing with problems.
- Favors national action in dealing with these matters.
The legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state
Levied on individual earnings has become the major source of money for national government.
- Require periodic checks of government agencies to see if they are still in need.
- Florida passed this law in 1967 prohibiting public officials from holding closed meetings.
Organization of government administrators, to carry out legislation.
Division of Powers
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis (in the United States, between the National Government and the States).
grants of federal money or other resources to States, cities, counties, and other local units
Form of federal monetary aid under which Congress gave a share of federal tax revenue, with virtually no restrictions, to the States, cities, counties, and townships
one type of federal grants-in-aid; made for some specific, closely defined, purpose
one type of federal grants-in-aid for some particular but broadly defined area of public policy.
one type of federal grants-in-aid; made for specific projects to States, localities, and private agencies who apply for them
Republican Form of Government
System of government in which power is held by the voters and is exercised by elected representatives responsible for promoting the common welfare.
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Constitution's requirement that each state accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state
Privileges and Immunities Clause
Constitution's stipulation (Article IV, Section 2) that all citizens are entitled to certain "Privileges & immunities" regardless of their stateof residence; no state can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in another state ; no state can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other states
Steps in admitting a new state
1. Enabling Act, 2. State Constitution prepared 3. Popular Vote 3. Act of Admission
- a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office
- republican and democratic parties
- one of the many political parties without wide voter support
- a system in which several major and many lesser parties exist, seriously compete for, and actually win, public offices
Party in Power
-the party that controls the executive branch of government
- a political system in which only one party exists
- a political system dominated by two major parties
- the strong support of their party and its policy stands
- supported by the two parties
electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office
- the largest number of votes cast for the office
- one consisting of several distinct cultures and groups
a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority and so to control a government
- current officeholder
- conflicting groups
- the people eligible to vote
1. give 'full faith and credit' to the laws, records and court decisions to other states 2. give one another's citizen's all the 'privileges and immunities' 3. extradite
Return to a state - criminals and fugitives who flee across state lines to escape justice.
a narrow-minded concern for, or devotion to, the interests of one section of a country
parties based on a particular set of beliefs, a comprehensive view of social, economic, and political matters
Single Issue Parties
parties that concentrate on only one public policy matter
Economic Protest Parties
- parties rooted in poor economic times, lacking a clear ideological base, dissatisfied with current conditions and demanding better times
- parties that have split away from one of the major parties
-a unit into which cities are often divided for the election of city council members
- the smallest unit of election administration
- Laws relating to disputes between individuals, groups, or with the state.
McCullach vs Maryland
Supreme Court ruled on a conflict between a state government and the national government. In making the decision, the Supreme Court ruled the in the instance of a conflict between the national government and a state government, the National government is supreme.
A requirement set by congress that prohibits a local or state government from exercising a certain power
A federal order requiring states to provide a service or activity that meets national standards set by Congress
Sums of money given tostate or local governments to be spent for a variety of specific purposes
The course of action a government takes in response to some issue or problem.
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
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Government Chap. 12
Ch. 11 "Congress"
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