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61 terms

Living and Nonliving Things (Chapter 1 Study Guide)

STUDY
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A sunflower plant changes with age or
grows
A plant responds to shade when it bends toward
sunlight
Trees reproduce by making
seeds
What do alligators lay to make more of their own kind?
eggs
What are water and sunlight in nature?
nonliving
Rocks are nonliving because they don not grow, respond or
reproduce
All living things need food, water, space and what to survive?
gases
Animals eat other organisms because they need what for energy?
food
Living things need what to break down food?
water
Air and water contain a what called oxygen?
gas
What gases do plants need in order to survive?
oxygen and carbon dioxide
Living things need room or what to grow, move and find food?
space
Living and nonliving things are a part of an organism called what?
environment
Living things are made up of small parts called what?
cells
A tool called what helps us to see cells?
microscope
Organisms that have one cell and live in many places are called?
bacteria
One way in which plants are alike is that they make their own what?
food
Roots, stems, and leaves help a plant get what it need in order to what?
survive
Roots collect water from where?
the ground
Carrots have a thick root or what that stores food?
taproot
Roots take in what that helps plants grow and stay healthy?
nutrients
The plant part that holds up leaves to sunlight is the what?
stem
Stems have what that carry food and water through a plant?
tubes
A tee has a hard, woody stem called a(n) what?
trunks
Leaves are important because what is made in the leaves?
food
Plants get energy from the what to make food?
Sun
Plants change carbon dioxide and water into what that they use for food?
sugars
Leaves have tiny holes that take in what?
carbon dioxide
When you breath, you take in what that plants release?
oxygen
Scientists study plants by putting them into what?
groups
Scientists group plants by their what such as roots, stems or leaves?
structure
One characteristic that most animals have in common is that they can
move
Unlike plants, animals cannot make their own
food
Animals are able to what to their environments much more noticeably than plants
respond
Wings and tails are what that help animals get what they need?
structures
Animals move toward food and away from?
danger
Wolves can run and jump because of their what?
strong legs
Fins and tails help what move through the water
fish
Ducks and geese have what that help them swim?
webbed feet
Birds use structures called what to get food and water?
beaks
Lions use their sharp what for biting?
front teeth
Animals that have flat back teeth use them for what?
chewing
Lungs and gills help animals take in what?
oxygen
A what helps protect animals from bad weather?
shelter
Rocks and what are examples of safe places, or shelters, for animals?
holes
A snail has a(n) what to keep it safe in its environment?
hard shell
Scientists group or what animals so that they can study them?
classify
One way to classify animals is by the presence or absence of a what?
backbone
The covering around an insect is thin and what?
hard
a spider is an invertebrate because it is covered by a(n) what?
exoskeleton
Crabs have an exoskeleton called a what?
arthropods
Birds have lightweight bones and wings to help them what?
fly
Birds and what have lungs and they lay eggs?
reptiles
Reptiles live in wet or dry places because their skin is what?
scaly
Frogs and toads breathe through what when they are young?
gills
Amphibians can live on land because they grow lungs and what?
legs
Fish have scales and a what shape to move easily through water?
flat
People are a kind of vertebrate called a what?
mammal
Mammals feed what to their young?
milk
Some mammals are covered with thick what?
fur
Mammals use their what to breathe?
lungs