5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- What is the president's job description?
- head of government
- recess appointment
- unilateral action (presidential)
- What does the executive branch do? How is it organized?
- a when a person is chosen by the president to fill a position, such as an ambassadorship or the head of a department, while the Senate is snot in session, thereby bypassing Senate approval. Unless approved by a subsequent Senate vote, recess appointees serve only to the end of the congressional term
- b Political appointees in the Executive Office of the President, along with the VP and appointees in executive departments and agencies, help the president manage the federal government and provide political assistance to the president and to candidates from his political party. The primary mission of presidential appointees is to help the president achieve his or her policy goals. As such, loyalty to the president is generally valued over policy expertise. VP Dick Cheney was the most powerful VP in American history owing to his experience, expertise, and general agreement with Pres Bush
- c any policy decision made and acted upon by the president and his staff without the explicit approval or consent of congress
- d one role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.
- e The president's duties include overseeing the implementation of legislation; appointing senior government officials and federal judges; issuing executive orders; serving as military commander in chief; directing America's foreign policy; proposing, signing and vetoing legislation; and carrying out other duties. The president is a politician who needs to cultivate citizens' support to get reelected, to pressure Congress to enact his proposals, and to help elect candidates from his party. Even after 220 years of American history, the limits of presidential power in such areas as national security and executive privilege remain unclear
5 Multiple choice questions
- An annual speech in which the president address Congress to report on the condition of the country and recommend policies
- Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, which states that "executive Power shall be vested in a President of the USA," making the president both head of the government and head of state
- Most Americans want the president to have good judgment and to be ethical and compassionate. Somewhat fewer Americans want a president who is politically experienced and willing to compromise. Issues such as the economy and health care are perennially important in presidential elections. In recent elections, national security issues such as preventing terrorist attacks and managing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have also come to the fore. Presidential approval ratings are driven by a president's performance on the major issues facing the country, such as the economy and national security.
- Ambiguities in the Constitution and in statutory authority allow the president to act unilaterally- that is, to change politices without congressional approval. All recent presidents have taken unilateral actions especially on foreign policy and at the end of their terms. Congress can try to undo unilateral presidential actions by passing legislation with a veto-proof, two-thirds majority. Even then, reversing the president's action may require a court challenge if the president claims he is using constitutional authority. Congress also has te power to remove the president from office through the impeachment procedure. Impeachment is a cumbersome and politically risky strategy, however, and it has never been successfully used to remove a president.
- a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
5 True/False questions
two presidencies → a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
fast-track authority → an expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than a two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed.
cabinet → a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
presidential approval → The idea that presidents have more interest in and power over foreign policy issues compared to domestic policy issues. This asymmetry is created by the president's greater influence over the making of foreign policy and the generally lower salience of foreign policy issues
signing statement → one role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically