5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- fast-track authority
- What is the president's job description?
- statutory authority (presidential)
- How much power do presidents really have, and under what circumstances do they exercise it?
- recess appointment
- a an expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than a two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed.
- b Ambiguities in the Constitution and in statutory authority allow the president to act unilaterally- that is, to change politices without congressional approval. All recent presidents have taken unilateral actions especially on foreign policy and at the end of their terms. Congress can try to undo unilateral presidential actions by passing legislation with a veto-proof, two-thirds majority. Even then, reversing the president's action may require a court challenge if the president claims he is using constitutional authority. Congress also has te power to remove the president from office through the impeachment procedure. Impeachment is a cumbersome and politically risky strategy, however, and it has never been successfully used to remove a president.
- c when a person is chosen by the president to fill a position, such as an ambassadorship or the head of a department, while the Senate is snot in session, thereby bypassing Senate approval. Unless approved by a subsequent Senate vote, recess appointees serve only to the end of the congressional term
- d powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president in the Constitution.
- e The president's duties include overseeing the implementation of legislation; appointing senior government officials and federal judges; issuing executive orders; serving as military commander in chief; directing America's foreign policy; proposing, signing and vetoing legislation; and carrying out other duties. The president is a politician who needs to cultivate citizens' support to get reelected, to pressure Congress to enact his proposals, and to help elect candidates from his party. Even after 220 years of American history, the limits of presidential power in such areas as national security and executive privilege remain unclear
5 Multiple choice questions
- powers derived from the provisions of the Constitution that outline the president's role in government
- an agreement between the executive branch and a foreign government which acts as a treaty but does not require Senate approval.
- Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, which states that "executive Power shall be vested in a President of the USA," making the president both head of the government and head of state
- one role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically
- the idea that the vesting clause of the Constitution gives the president the authority to issue orders and policy directives that cannot be undone by Congress
5 True/False questions
head of government → one role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically
executive privilege → proclamations made by the president that change government policy without congressional approval
Who are America's presidents? What effect have presidential actions had, and how has the presidency developed over time? → Most Americans want the president to have good judgment and to be ethical and compassionate. Somewhat fewer Americans want a president who is politically experienced and willing to compromise. Issues such as the economy and health care are perennially important in presidential elections. In recent elections, national security issues such as preventing terrorist attacks and managing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have also come to the fore. Presidential approval ratings are driven by a president's performance on the major issues facing the country, such as the economy and national security.
State of the Union → one role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.
first-mover advantage → an expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than a two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed.