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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. executive orders
  2. vesting clause
  3. first-mover advantage
  4. What is the president's job description?
  5. fast-track authority
  1. a The president's duties include overseeing the implementation of legislation; appointing senior government officials and federal judges; issuing executive orders; serving as military commander in chief; directing America's foreign policy; proposing, signing and vetoing legislation; and carrying out other duties. The president is a politician who needs to cultivate citizens' support to get reelected, to pressure Congress to enact his proposals, and to help elect candidates from his party. Even after 220 years of American history, the limits of presidential power in such areas as national security and executive privilege remain unclear
  2. b Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, which states that "executive Power shall be vested in a President of the USA," making the president both head of the government and head of state
  3. c an expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than a two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed.
  4. d proclamations made by the president that change government policy without congressional approval
  5. e the president's power to initiate treaty negotiations. Congress cannot initiate treaties and can only consider them once they have been negotiated

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. one role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.
  2. one role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically
  3. an agreement between the executive branch and a foreign government which acts as a treaty but does not require Senate approval.
  4. the right of the president to keep executive branch conversations and correspondence confidential from the legislative and judicial branches
  5. powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president in the Constitution.

5 True/False questions

  1. Who are America's presidents? What effect have presidential actions had, and how has the presidency developed over time?Most Americans want the president to have good judgment and to be ethical and compassionate. Somewhat fewer Americans want a president who is politically experienced and willing to compromise. Issues such as the economy and health care are perennially important in presidential elections. In recent elections, national security issues such as preventing terrorist attacks and managing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have also come to the fore. Presidential approval ratings are driven by a president's performance on the major issues facing the country, such as the economy and national security.


  2. unilateral action (presidential)any policy decision made and acted upon by the president and his staff without the explicit approval or consent of congress


  3. Executive Office of the President (EOP)the group of policy-related offices that serves as support to staff to the president


  4. recess appointmentwhen a person is chosen by the president to fill a position, such as an ambassadorship or the head of a department, while the Senate is snot in session, thereby bypassing Senate approval. Unless approved by a subsequent Senate vote, recess appointees serve only to the end of the congressional term


  5. What does the executive branch do? How is it organized?Political appointees in the Executive Office of the President, along with the VP and appointees in executive departments and agencies, help the president manage the federal government and provide political assistance to the president and to candidates from his political party. The primary mission of presidential appointees is to help the president achieve his or her policy goals. As such, loyalty to the president is generally valued over policy expertise. VP Dick Cheney was the most powerful VP in American history owing to his experience, expertise, and general agreement with Pres Bush


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