5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- vesting clause
- head of state
- Executive Office of the President (EOP)
- unitary executive theory
- a the group of fifteen executive department heads who implement the president's agenda in their respective positions
- b the idea that the vesting clause of the Constitution gives the president the authority to issue orders and policy directives that cannot be undone by Congress
- c one role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically
- d the group of policy-related offices that serves as support to staff to the president
- e Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, which states that "executive Power shall be vested in a President of the USA," making the president both head of the government and head of state
5 Multiple choice questions
- Presidents have done important things, such as expanding US territory, fighting wars, and creating new domestic programs. It matters who gets elected president. Many presidential accomplishments are made in the face of high levels of conflict between the president and Congress, the president and the courts, or between all 3 branches of government. The power of the presidency has expanded over time, in part because of the increased power and size of the US.
- The idea that presidents have more interest in and power over foreign policy issues compared to domestic policy issues. This asymmetry is created by the president's greater influence over the making of foreign policy and the generally lower salience of foreign policy issues
- powers derived from the provisions of the Constitution that outline the president's role in government
- Ambiguities in the Constitution and in statutory authority allow the president to act unilaterally- that is, to change politices without congressional approval. All recent presidents have taken unilateral actions especially on foreign policy and at the end of their terms. Congress can try to undo unilateral presidential actions by passing legislation with a veto-proof, two-thirds majority. Even then, reversing the president's action may require a court challenge if the president claims he is using constitutional authority. Congress also has te power to remove the president from office through the impeachment procedure. Impeachment is a cumbersome and politically risky strategy, however, and it has never been successfully used to remove a president.
- Political appointees in the Executive Office of the President, along with the VP and appointees in executive departments and agencies, help the president manage the federal government and provide political assistance to the president and to candidates from his political party. The primary mission of presidential appointees is to help the president achieve his or her policy goals. As such, loyalty to the president is generally valued over policy expertise. VP Dick Cheney was the most powerful VP in American history owing to his experience, expertise, and general agreement with Pres Bush
5 True/False questions
executive orders → proclamations made by the president that change government policy without congressional approval
go public → a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
What do Americans want from the president? What determines whether presidential approval ratings are high or low? → Most Americans want the president to have good judgment and to be ethical and compassionate. Somewhat fewer Americans want a president who is politically experienced and willing to compromise. Issues such as the economy and health care are perennially important in presidential elections. In recent elections, national security issues such as preventing terrorist attacks and managing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have also come to the fore. Presidential approval ratings are driven by a president's performance on the major issues facing the country, such as the economy and national security.
first-mover advantage → an expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than a two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed.
executive agreement → an agreement between the executive branch and a foreign government which acts as a treaty but does not require Senate approval.