5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- head of government
- statutory authority (presidential)
- What is the president's job description?
- executive agreement
- recess appointment
- a powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president in the Constitution.
- b The president's duties include overseeing the implementation of legislation; appointing senior government officials and federal judges; issuing executive orders; serving as military commander in chief; directing America's foreign policy; proposing, signing and vetoing legislation; and carrying out other duties. The president is a politician who needs to cultivate citizens' support to get reelected, to pressure Congress to enact his proposals, and to help elect candidates from his party. Even after 220 years of American history, the limits of presidential power in such areas as national security and executive privilege remain unclear
- c an agreement between the executive branch and a foreign government which acts as a treaty but does not require Senate approval.
- d when a person is chosen by the president to fill a position, such as an ambassadorship or the head of a department, while the Senate is snot in session, thereby bypassing Senate approval. Unless approved by a subsequent Senate vote, recess appointees serve only to the end of the congressional term
- e one role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Presidents have done important things, such as expanding US territory, fighting wars, and creating new domestic programs. It matters who gets elected president. Many presidential accomplishments are made in the face of high levels of conflict between the president and Congress, the president and the courts, or between all 3 branches of government. The power of the presidency has expanded over time, in part because of the increased power and size of the US.
- the idea that the vesting clause of the Constitution gives the president the authority to issue orders and policy directives that cannot be undone by Congress
- Ambiguities in the Constitution and in statutory authority allow the president to act unilaterally- that is, to change politices without congressional approval. All recent presidents have taken unilateral actions especially on foreign policy and at the end of their terms. Congress can try to undo unilateral presidential actions by passing legislation with a veto-proof, two-thirds majority. Even then, reversing the president's action may require a court challenge if the president claims he is using constitutional authority. Congress also has te power to remove the president from office through the impeachment procedure. Impeachment is a cumbersome and politically risky strategy, however, and it has never been successfully used to remove a president.
- Most Americans want the president to have good judgment and to be ethical and compassionate. Somewhat fewer Americans want a president who is politically experienced and willing to compromise. Issues such as the economy and health care are perennially important in presidential elections. In recent elections, national security issues such as preventing terrorist attacks and managing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have also come to the fore. Presidential approval ratings are driven by a president's performance on the major issues facing the country, such as the economy and national security.
- a document issued by the president when signing a bill into law explaining his interpretation of the Law, which often differs from from the interpretation of Congress, in an attempt to influence how the law will be implemented
5 True/False questions
cabinet → a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
executive orders → an agreement between the executive branch and a foreign government which acts as a treaty but does not require Senate approval.
executive privilege → proclamations made by the president that change government policy without congressional approval
vesting clause → Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, which states that "executive Power shall be vested in a President of the USA," making the president both head of the government and head of state
State of the Union → An annual speech in which the president address Congress to report on the condition of the country and recommend policies