American Government - Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (45)
Brown v Board of Education
Supreme Court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause; "separate but equal" has no place; reversed decision of Plessy v Feurgeson
Marbury v Madison
established concept and power of judicial review and claimed for the Supreme Court the right to declare acts of Congrerss unconstitutional. This was the first time supreme court declared something 'unconstitutional'
McCulloch v Maryland
1819, Supreme Court holds that the powers to tax, borrow, and regulate commerce give Congress the IMPLIED POWER to establish a national bank. The Court ruled that the power of the federal govt was supreme to that of the states and the states could not interfere or tax the bank. This IMPLIED POWER ruling was very important.
Plessy v Ferguson
1896 Supreme Court decision which created the separate-but-equal doctrine which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal.
The Fifth Amendment right providing that a person cannot be tried twice for the same crime
natural born citizen, lived in the US for 14 years, and 35 years old
1. Vice President 2. Speaker of the House 3. President Pro-Tempore of the Senate 4. Secretary of State 5. Secretary of Treasury
The group of people (electors) chosen in each State and the District of Columbia every four years twho make a formal selection of the President and Vice President.
(1) Executive Powers (executing the law, ordinance power, appointment power, removal power);
(2) Diplomatic Powers (power to make treaties, executive agreements, power of recognition);
(3) Military Powers (Commander in Chief of the nation's armed forces)
(3) Legislative Powers (message power, veto power)
(4) Judicial Powers (reprieves, pardons, clemencies, commutations, and amnesties)
25 years of age, 7 year citizen of US, inhabitant of state
30 years of age, 9 year citizen of US, inhabitant of state
Procedure that may be used to limit or end floor debate in a legislative body.
Various tactics (usually long speeches) aimed at defeating a bill in a legislative body by preventing a final vote; associated with the U.S. Senate.
To bring formal charges against a public official; the House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach civil officers of the United States.
• Bill is introduced in both House and Senate
• Committee action in both House and Senate
• Floor action (debated, then passed or defeated) in both House and Senate
• Conference Committee resolves differences between House and Senate bills
• House and Senate vote on final passage
• signed into law by President
Right to Vote --- Race, Color, Servitude. No state can deny any citizen the right to vote on account of race or previous state as slave
Voting Rights for Women. No person can be denied the right to vote on account of his or her sex.
Abolition of Poll Tax in National Elections. Outlawed the payment of any tax as a condition for taking part in the nomination or election of any federal officeholder.
Voting Age Set to 18 Years
Theories of government
The Force Theory, The Evolutionary Theory, The Divine Right Theory, The Social Contract Theory
A form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority.
System of government in which public policies are made by officials selected by the voters and held accountable in periodic elections.
A form of government where the will of the people is translated into public policy (law) directly by the people themselves in mass meetings. p12 (Note: This only works in very small communities. It does not exist at the national level anywhere in the world today.)
All powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency.
A federal government is one in which the powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments.
A confederation is an alliance of independent states united to accomplish common goals while also retaining their separate identities.
A form of government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite.
The meeting of state delegates (known as the Framers of the Constitution) in 1787 in Philadelphia called to revise the Articles of Confederation. It instead designed a new plan of government, the US Constitution.
Freedom of Reigion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and to Petition the Government.
Right to keep and bear arms. Each state has the right to a well-regulated Militia.
Searches and Seizures. Protection from unreasonable search and seizure.
Criminal Proceedings, Due Process, Eminent Domain. Right to a fair trial, can't be tried twice for the same crime (double jeopardy), you don't have to testify against yourself. Eminent Domain protrects againts the State seizing private property for public use without paying just compensation.
Criminal Proceedings: Right to a speedy and public trial, an impartial jury, to comfront witnesses against you, and to have a lawyer.
Constitutional declaration (Article VI, section 2) that the Constitution and laws made under its provisions are the "supreme Law of the Land". Considered the linchpin of the Constitution.
A form of government in which the executive and legislative branches are separate, independent and coequal.
A form of government in which the executive branch is made up of the prime minister, or premier, and that official's cabinet. p812 (the POLITICAL PARTY in control picks their PRIME MINISTER - Head Executive)
Having supreme power within its own territory; neither subordinate nor responsible to any other authority.
A form of government in which one person holds unlimited political power.
types of powers
Exclusive Powers: National Government Only (also called Delegated Powers)
Concurrent Powers: Both National Government and States
Reserved Powers: State power only (Constitution does not grant to the National Government nor deny to the States)
An adjective describing a legislative body with one chamber.
An adjective describing a legislative body composed of two chambers.
The Connecticut Compromise was an agreement during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be comosed of a Senate, in which States would be represented equally, and a House, in which representation would be based on a State's Population.
Considered the "Father of the Constitution"; contributed more to the Constitution than anyone else at the Philadelphia Convention (AKA Constitutional Convention); one of the Framers.
Also known as the "Necessary and Proper Clause". Clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" for executing its powers. Called the Elastic Clause because over time it has been stretched to cover so many situations. It is an Implied Power.
NJ Plan/VA Plan
New Jersey wanted a unicameral Congress with each State represented equally. Virginia wanted a bicameral Congress (House and Senate) with each State's representation based on population. Other minor differences, too.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
American Government - Your Voice, Your Future | Matthew Kerbel
Magruder's American Government - Final Exam Review ALL
Brnaches -AP Government Carp 2017
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Siddhartha Vocal pt 2
Vocal Set 2 definitions