30 terms

Unit 4 Constitution Vocabulary

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Amendment Process
Method by which the constitution may be changed or added to
Article III
This portion of the U.S. Constitution deals with the establishment and powers of the judicial branch of government
Articles of Confederation
First government of the U.S. was based on this, which was created in 1777
Bicameral
The practice of having two chambers in a legislature or a parliament
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the constitution, directed towards protecting the individual from abuse of power by the national government
Cabinet
A group of presidential advisers including the head executive departments
Checks and Balances
The system of overlapping powers among judicial, executive, and legislative branches to allow each branch to oversee the actions of the others
Consent of the governed
A condition of democracy, the government is based on the will of the people as expressed in elections
Constitution
The system by which the main institutions of a nation's government are arranged and kept in place
Declaration of Independence
An act passed by the Second Continental congress on July 4. 1776 declaring the thirteen american colonies independent from British rule
Delegated Powers
Powers specifically given to the government by the Constitution
Democracy
Type of government, political and governmental power held by the citizens of the country
Federal Government
The level of government responsibility for printing money, funding the U.S. Armed Services, and etc.
First Continental Congress
Group of representatives from twelve North American colonies who met in 1774 in response to the Intolerable act
Implied Powers
Powers that are not expressed but that the government may be inferred to have from another power
Judicial Review
Power of a court to review a law or an official act of a government employee or agent for constitutionality or for violation of basic principles of justice
Limited Government
A form of government in which power to rule is significantly restrained by a strong Constitution or other document
Loose Interpretation
The tendency of more broadly interpreting the meaning of laws
Representative Government
A type of government in which citizens elect government officials to make laws and rule the government
Republic
A form of government in which citizens elect leaders to run the government
Reserved powers
Powers that are held for the states to execute, not for the federal government
Second Continental Congress
A tax on imported goods designed to prevent domestic companies from having to compete with foreign goods of lower price or better quality
Separation of Powers
Constitutional principle that the law making, executive, and judicial powers be held by different groups and people
State's Rights
Political idea the individual states have political power related to the federal government
Strict Interpretation
The tendency of narrowing interpreting laws
Supreme Court
Court has jurisdiction and limited jurisdiction, this court is the final court of appeals
Unconstitutional
A law that a judicial body overturns because it violates basic or specific rules of government
Unicameral
The practice of having only one chamber in a legislature or a parliament
US Constitution
document provides the framework for the U.S. government consisting: the preamble, seven articles, and 27 amendments
Nationalism
Viewed as an extreme form of patriotism