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26 terms

study guide p 2

STUDY
PLAY
hinduism
as a term; a misnomer...term used by outsiders to describe a group of complex religious systems. it is an umbrella term.
sanantana dharma
eternal religion
dharma
can mean duty and is a holistic approach to social coherence and the good of all
brahman
underlying divine reality, ultimately one, manifests itself in multiple forms
vedas
foundational religious test of sanatana dharma
vedas part 1
the rig veda
vedas other 3 parts
various hymns, sacred sounds
shruti
heard texts
brahmanas
directions about performances of the ritual sacrifices to the deities
aranyakas
forest treatises by sages who went to the forest to meditate
upanishads
philosophical teachings of highly realized spiritual masters
rishis
ancient sages
rishis
the vedas are not thought to be written by humans but rather it is believed that they were heard by the ____
rig veda
the ____ is the oldes vedic scripture
devas
controlling forces in the cosmos; indra, agni, soma
indra
god of thunder and rain
agni
god of fire
soma
god associated with a sacred drink
the upanishads
last of the vedas; roughly dating between 600-400bce term means to sit down near and implies this is knowledge learned at the feet of a spiritual master
samsara
cycle of life and death and rebirth
karma
actions and the energies generated by action
moksha
the ultimate goal release from bondage of karma
dharma
sacred obligation. duty
mahabharata
an ancient epic poem in the Gita the 18th book
bhagavad gita
translates as song of the supreme exalted one
brahmin
priests