35 terms

Sports Medicine I Unit 2

Sports Medicine
refers to a broad field of mefical practices related to physical activity and sport
What two areas does sports med focus on
performance enhancement and injury car/prevention
Human performance specialties
exercise physiology
sports psychology
sports nutrition
sports massage
Injury management specialties
practice of medicine
physical therapy
atheletic training
sports med physician
diagnose injuriesprovide surgical intervetnntion for injuries
Orthopedics schooling
medical doctor (MD)
14 years +
Orthopedic work setting
private practice
clinic setting
embedded within a university
Physical therapy
professional that specializes in rehabilitation
correct dysfunction of neromuscular system and restore function
Physical Therpay Schooling
Clinical doctorate- DPT
3 years postgrad
Physical Therapy Work Setting
Dual credentials in University
Exercise Physiologist
measure leves of fitness in athletes
work to improve exercise capacity in athletes
labaratory research and testing
Exercise Physiologist Schooling
research intensive- PhD
Exercise Physiologist Work Setting
Private research lab
Massage Therapist
improve muscle tension
relieve stress
enhance pre-eventstatus of athletes
Massage Therapist Schooling
certification- CMT
hands on training (500 hours)
Massage Therapist Work Setting
Private business
physical therapy clinics
Sports Psychologist
enhance performace through utilizing power of mind
improve concentration stress relief focus and visualization
no medications involved
Sports Psychologist Schooling
9+ years
Sports Psychologist Work Setting
Private PRactice
Athletic Trainer
prevent, evaluate, manage, and rehabilitate athletic injuries
work closely with athletic teams
manage injury from beginning to end
responsible for all aspects
Athletic Trainer Schooling
national certification-ATC
4 years with undergrad
6 years with masters (required for working at the collegiate level)
Athletic Trainer Work Setting
Secondary or High Schools
Physical Therapist office
MD office
corporate settings
amateur/professional athletes
Team Physician
Diagnose injuries
pre-partcipiation physicals
MD has ultimate say in the athletes care
advisese the athletic trainer
the athletic trainer worked under the direction of the MD
Fitness Professionals
Strength and Conditioning
Coach and personal Trainer
improve fitness-- less injuries
Athletic Director
responsible for hiring the right people
make sure policies are in place (EAP)
conditioning adn teach good techniques
Know first aid
Watch weather
Provide protective equipment
health is primary concern
work together and communicate with coach and athletic trainer
athlete must be kept well informed by the athletic trainer and coach
the parents must be involved at HS and MS level
athletic trainer must be able to deal with multiple health care providers at parent request
National vs State Credentials
national leve: graduate from an accredditted college, pass BOC exam, must earn at least 75 CEUs every 3 years
State: LAT (licensed athletic trainer), each state has diferent regulations
6 domains of an athletic trainer
1. prevention of athletic injuries
2. recognition, evaluation, adn assessment of injuries
3. initial care
4. Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning
5. organization and administration
6. professional developement
1. prevention of athletic injuries
pre participation physicals
conditioning and weightlifting
warm up, cool down, and stretching
protective equipment
provide safe fields and facilities
2. recognition, evaluation, and assessment of injuries
realize an injury has happened
evaluate to determine a treatment plan
systemic evaluation
orthopedic special tests
athletic trainers do no diagnose but assess
3. initial care
first aid
handling emergencies
working under pressure
must review and practice
4. treatment, rehabilitation and reconditioning
return athlete to pre injury status
improve strength, flexibility, balance and coordination
sport specific exercises
5. organization and administration
maintain records and paperwork
inventory suplies and equipment
establish policies and procedures (EAP)
supervise student athletic trainers
6. Professional Developement
Attend conferences adn seminars (75 hours every 3 year)
educate yourself and the public
follow the code of ethics