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Sports Medicine

refers to a broad field of mefical practices related to physical activity and sport

What two areas does sports med focus on

performance enhancement and injury car/prevention

Human performance specialties

exercise physiology
sports psychology
sports nutrition
sports massage

Injury management specialties

practice of medicine
physical therapy
atheletic training


sports med physician
diagnose injuriesprovide surgical intervetnntion for injuries

Orthopedics schooling

medical doctor (MD)
14 years +

Orthopedic work setting

private practice
clinic setting
embedded within a university

Physical therapy

professional that specializes in rehabilitation
correct dysfunction of neromuscular system and restore function

Physical Therpay Schooling

Clinical doctorate- DPT
3 years postgrad

Physical Therapy Work Setting

Dual credentials in University

Exercise Physiologist

measure leves of fitness in athletes
work to improve exercise capacity in athletes
labaratory research and testing

Exercise Physiologist Schooling

research intensive- PhD

Exercise Physiologist Work Setting

Private research lab

Massage Therapist

improve muscle tension
relieve stress
enhance pre-eventstatus of athletes

Massage Therapist Schooling

certification- CMT
hands on training (500 hours)

Massage Therapist Work Setting

Private business
physical therapy clinics

Sports Psychologist

enhance performace through utilizing power of mind
improve concentration stress relief focus and visualization
no medications involved

Sports Psychologist Schooling

9+ years

Sports Psychologist Work Setting

Private PRactice

Athletic Trainer

prevent, evaluate, manage, and rehabilitate athletic injuries
work closely with athletic teams
manage injury from beginning to end
responsible for all aspects

Athletic Trainer Schooling

national certification-ATC
4 years with undergrad
6 years with masters (required for working at the collegiate level)

Athletic Trainer Work Setting

Secondary or High Schools
Physical Therapist office
MD office
corporate settings
amateur/professional athletes

Team Physician

Diagnose injuries
pre-partcipiation physicals
MD has ultimate say in the athletes care
advisese the athletic trainer
the athletic trainer worked under the direction of the MD

Fitness Professionals

Strength and Conditioning
Coach and personal Trainer
improve fitness-- less injuries

Athletic Director

responsible for hiring the right people
make sure policies are in place (EAP)


conditioning adn teach good techniques
Know first aid
Watch weather
Provide protective equipment


health is primary concern
work together and communicate with coach and athletic trainer
athlete must be kept well informed by the athletic trainer and coach
the parents must be involved at HS and MS level
athletic trainer must be able to deal with multiple health care providers at parent request

National vs State Credentials

national leve: graduate from an accredditted college, pass BOC exam, must earn at least 75 CEUs every 3 years
State: LAT (licensed athletic trainer), each state has diferent regulations

6 domains of an athletic trainer

1. prevention of athletic injuries
2. recognition, evaluation, adn assessment of injuries
3. initial care
4. Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning
5. organization and administration
6. professional developement

1. prevention of athletic injuries

pre participation physicals
conditioning and weightlifting
warm up, cool down, and stretching
protective equipment
provide safe fields and facilities

2. recognition, evaluation, and assessment of injuries

realize an injury has happened
evaluate to determine a treatment plan
systemic evaluation
orthopedic special tests
athletic trainers do no diagnose but assess

3. initial care

first aid
handling emergencies
working under pressure
must review and practice

4. treatment, rehabilitation and reconditioning

return athlete to pre injury status
improve strength, flexibility, balance and coordination
sport specific exercises

5. organization and administration

maintain records and paperwork
inventory suplies and equipment
establish policies and procedures (EAP)
supervise student athletic trainers

6. Professional Developement

Attend conferences adn seminars (75 hours every 3 year)
educate yourself and the public
follow the code of ethics

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