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Modern Biology chapter 28 and 29
Terms in this set (30)
A waxy covering on the surface of stems and leaves that acts as an adaptation to prevent desiccation in terrestrial plants.
a reproductive cell or multicellular structure that is resistant to environmental conditions and that can develop into an adult without fusion with another cell
plant embryo packaged along with a food supply within a protective coat
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that transport water and nutrients throughout the plant body.
the vascular tissue through which water and nutrients move in some plants
vascular tissue responsible for the transport of nutrients and the carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis
a plant that lacks vascular tissue and true roots, stems, and leaves
Plant with tube-like structures that move minerals, water, and other substances throughout the plant.
a plant that produces seeds that are not enclosed by a protective covering
A flowering plant, which forms seeds inside a protective chamber called an ovary.
the spore-producing individual or phase in the life cycle of a plant having alternation of generations
the stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces gametes, or sex cells
alternation of generation
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diploid sporophyte in a plant's life cycle
An informal name for a moss, liverwort, or hornwort; a nonvascular plant that lives on land but lacks some of the terrestrial adaptations of vascular plants.
a structure containing egg cells; the base of a pistil in a flower
first leaf or first pair of leaves produced by the embryo of a seed plant
has one cotyledon, parallel veins, flower parts in multiples of 3
angiosperm with two cotyledons inside its seed, flower parts in multiples of four or five, and vascular bundles in rings
any of the vascular bundles or ribs that form the branching framework of conducting and supporting tissues in a leaf or other plant organ
type of ground-tissue cell with a thin cell wall and large central vacuole
part of the ground tissue; provides support and protection and are flexible (like celery strings)
type of ground-tissue cell with an extremely thick, rigid cell wall that makes ground tissue tough and strong
outermost layer of the skin
cluster of tissue that is responsible for continuing growth throughout a plant's lifetime
primary root found in some plants that grows longer and thicker than other roots
a structure that covers the tip of a root, protecting the root from injury
change to a chromosome in which a fragment of one chromosome attaches to a nonhomologous chromosome
The process by which water is lost through a plant's leaves.
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and lower epidermis and specialized for photosynthesis.
specialized cell in the epidermis of plants that controls the opening and closing of stomata by responding to changes in water pressure
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