Factors affecting obedience
•momentum of compliance
•status of authority
Momentum of compliance
when an individual commits to small requests and then feels obliged to continue as the requests increase.
for example - Milgram's experiment; started with low voltages and then increased them.
proximity of authority figure, proximity of the victim and proximity of a buffer.
the variations show that the closer the authority figure is, the more likely the individual is to obey.
Status of authority
the authority figure has to be perceived to be legitimate for obedience to be high - shown in experiments 10 & 13.
Milgram thought obedience would increase if participants thought responsibility for their actions was passed onto the experimenter.
where an individual is submissive to authority but harsh on those they see lower than themselves.
those who are more empathetic are less likely to be obedient when it involves harming another person.
Milgram found from exp 7 that women were almost identical to males in terms of obedience but their anxiety levels were a lot higher.
Individualist cultures are more independent compared to collectivist cultures.
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