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Huff 1st Quarter Final
Terms in this set (78)
The middle class lived here, similar to what a condo or townhouse would be today.
Why were the middle class able to live in row houses?
They were cheap since there were shared walls and small yards, therefor the taxes were much lower.
Worn down neglected area where the poorest people (mostly immigrants) lived.
A building built and used for another purpose, not meant for living. Often times became a slum.
De Facto Segregation
The immigrants chose to segregate themselves, example being the ghettos.
First wave of immigrants from Europe who we did like:
Second wave of immigrants from Europe who we didn't get along with as well:
How did the Southern/Eastern European Immigrants cause Nativism to grow?
They didn't assimilate to/with America well at all. Majority were Jewish or Catholic, had a harder time speaking English, and were dark skin/dark eyed.
Made between Teddy Roosevelt and the Japanese Emperor, because there were issues in Hawaii, stated that is they (Japanese) would stop coming over to America, we would start treating the ones already here better. There was no signed document, only a handshake.
How did the Gentleman's Agreement work out?
The Japanese Emperor upheld his end of the deal, however we weren't able to treat the Japanese in Hawaii much better. Some people say this is a foreshadowing of Pearl Harbor.
From government infrastructure projects. Example: Cost for new windows is $20, Boss tells government they cost $60, Boss pays $60 and says keep the $20 it really cost and secretly give me $40 back for me personally to keep, therefore the money is "kick-backed" to the Boss and he is secretly making/pocketing money without the government knowing.
Political organizations/groups made by immigrants to gain power/control of governments to steal power from WASPs. The goal is to cheat their way to get power.
Political Party vs. Political Machine
A political party's goal is to win/acquire power by playing fair, whereas a political machine's goal is to cheat in order to acquire power and win.
Why were people immigrating to America?
Push/Pull factors, reasons that either pushed them out of their country to come here our reasons that pulled them to come to our country from theirs.
Give examples of push factors
Poverty, inadequate homes, political/religious opression
Give examples of pull factors
Land (#1 reason then and now), religion, industrial jobs, greater freedom abroad
These people believe that if you are native (WASPs) to the land you get the best of everything since you were there first. Whatever is left over (if anything) then the immigrants get it.
How many people came to Ellis Island between 1860-1890?
The immigrants were literally in shock at what a big change they were experiencing and the very different culture in America than where they came from.
Set number limiting the amount of people allowed into the country.
Chinese Exclusionary Act
Passed by Congress around 1886. Said the Chinese could no longer immigrate to our country, was illegal for Chinese to come to live in America until the 1930s.
Street Car Suburbs
Where the middle class lived, just outside the ghettos, but not the fashionable districts. Where the row houses were.
Where the wealthy lived, typically contained a big beautiful park like Central Park for example. A "rich ghetto" but with mixed groups/people.
Using your power for your own advantage/benefit, most commonly used in the form of bribery.
Ethnic cluster/group where one ethnic group lives.
Any physical attribute used to support urban living. Example: sidewalks, hospitals, roads, police, etc.
A patron is a supporter, patronage is to reward the patron/supporter with a civil service job, in repayment for the supporter voting for you.
The time frame when all of this immigration and urbanization happened,
Immigration from Rural Areas
We were not yet urbanized or prepared in any way for this mass amount of immigration. There were many problems with infrastructure and basic ways of living were generally disgusting.
1st Amendment Topic
Political Expression (RAPPS)
5 Parts of 1st Amendment (RAPPS)
2nd Amendment Topic
Right to Bear Arms
Part of the 2nd Amendment Topic
1. Right of people to have weapons (bear arms)
4th Amendment Topic
Right of Privacy (Warrants)
Right of Privacy protects people from what?
Unreasonable searches and seizure
To take something away from someone
When the judicial branch gives permission in writing to the executive branch to search/seize
What is needed for a warrant?
The standard in which warrants are obtained, its reason based on evidence.
When is a warrant necessary?
If the crime has ALREADY been committed.
When do you not need a warrant?
If the crime is still going on or there is good reason to believe that the crime is happening.
5th Amendment Topic
Rights of the Accused
5 Parts of the 5th Amendment
1. Indictment by grand jury
2. Double Jeopardy
3. Be a witness against himself
4. Due process of the Law
5. Eminent Domain .. Just Compensation
Indictment by a grand jury
There must be a jury in order for one to be accused and punished.
To formally accuse.
One cannot be charged for the same crime 2x once having been found not guilty or acquitted.
Be a witness against himself (Self Incrimination)
You do not have to expose or incriminate yourself
Due process of the law
The correct process the government must go through, every person is owed this.
Eminent Domain..Just Compensation
Government has power to take private property to public use, for the common good. Government may take your property for a fair price.
Grand Jury decides what?
If there is enough evidence to have criminal trial
6th Amendment Topic
Rights in a trial
6 Parts to the 6th Amendment
1. The accused has the right to a speedy public trial
2. Impartial Jury
3. Informed the nature of the accusation
4. Confronted with witnesses against him
5. Compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in favor
6. Assistance for counsel for his defense
"speedy" meaning how fast the government can possibly go
Takes place where the crime was committed, both sides agree on jury for fairness, right to a trial.
Informed Nature of Accusation
The accused has the right to know what they're being accused of.
Confronted with Witnesses against him
Cross examine the witnesses who'll testify against you, and what they may say.
Compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor
You have the right to have witnesses to help you
Assistance for counsel for his defense
You have the right to a lawyer and even if you cannot afford one, the government must supply you with one.
Protects against unreasonable punishments
3 Parts of the 8th Amendment
2. Excessive Fines not allowed
3. Cruel and Unusual punishment
price you pay to be release from jail until trial
Who determines bail?
When could bail be not allowed?
Crimes such as murder, rape, etc.
Must be reasonable
Cruel and unjust punishment
Violates natural rights
9th Amendment Topic
States that laws are explicit and national government cannot use it to increase their powers
9th Amendment Part
The enumerated in the constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny disparage others retained by the people: National government has certain rights in the constitution which cannot be changed or altered to deny or belittle rights of people
10th Amendment Topic
Reinforces separation of powers and checks and balances
10th Amendment Part
Powers not delegated to US by constitution are reserved only to the states to the people : powers not specifically assigned to national gov't are given to the states/people.
Life, Liberty, Property
People have the right to alter or abolish a gov't if the gov't is acting as ..?
Why has declaration from independence had such an impact on people throughout the world?
provides justification for revolting against unjust gov'ts
According to who, the social contract was permanent and at best we could hope for a compassionate monarch?
Who argues that the social contract inferred that the gov't must make a decision in the best interest of most the people?
Who felt that the free market should be the major influence on the economy not the government?
The seperation of powers is between ..?
The 3 branches of gov't
The division of pwers is between ..?
state and national govts
limited gov't insures that ..?
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