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2017-2018 Quiz Bowl Questions (From Faith and Life Series by Ignatius Press, used with permission)
Terms in this set (320)
Who created us?
God created us, body and soul, in His image (CCC 705-5).
What purpose did God have in mind when He created us?
God created us to know Him, to love Him and to serve Him in this life, and then to
be happy with Him forever in the next life, in Heaven (CCC 358).
Who is God?
God is the all-perfect pure spirit. God is three Divine Persons: God the Father,
God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit (CCC 202, 307).
What does "all perfect" mean?
"All perfect" means that every good is found in God, without defect and without
limit. In other words, it means that He has endless power, wisdom, goodness, and love (CCC 41, 213).
Does God have a body as we have?
No, God does not have a body, for He is a perfectly pure spirit (CCC 370).
Has God always existed?
Yes, God always has been and always will be: He is eternal (CCC 212).
Does God know all things?
Yes, God knows all things, even our thoughts: He is all knowing (CCC 216, 2500).
What is the Our Father?
The Our Father is the prayer Jesus taught His Apostles to pray. We still say this prayer today (CCC 2759).
Does God take care of His creation?
Yes, God takes care of His creation. He keeps all things in existence and directs all of them toward their own purpose with infinite wisdom, goodness, and justice
Can God do all things?
God can do all that He wills to do: He is the all-powerful one (CCC 268).
What does "Creator" mean?
"Creator" means that God made all things out of nothing (CCC 296).
What ruins God's plan for our happiness?
Sin ruins God's plan for our happiness (CCC 1847).
Can we know about God from the world around us?
Yes, we can know about God from the world around us. God's goodness, wisdom, power and beauty can be seen in His creation (CCC 34).
Does creation reveal all we need to know about God?
No, creation cannot reveal all we need to know about God, so God chose to reveal Himself through prophets, and, later, through His own Son, Jesus Christ (CCC 35, 50 65).
How could Jesus reveal God to us?
Jesus could reveal God to us because Jesus is God the Son. He taught us about God through His life, actions, and words (CCC 65,2763).
Does the Bible contain all we need to know about God and His plan for men?
No, the Bible does not contain all we need to know of God's Word, but Scripture and Tradition as taught by the Church show us everything we need to know about God (CCC 67, 78, 80).
How can we be sure that the Church teaches us the truth about God and His plan?
We can be sure that the Church teaches us the truth because Jesus founded the Church and established Peter as the first Pope. Since then, all Popes and bishops are helped by God to guide and teach all people the truths of God (CCC 85-86).
What is sin?
Sin is an offense done to God by choosing to disobey His Law (CCC 1849).
How is Original Sin taken away?
Original Sin is taken away by God's grace given in the Sacrament of Baptism (CCC 405).`
Why is man able to go to Heaven?
Man is able to go to Heaven because Jesus paid the price for our sins by His suffering and death (CCC 598, 601).
Did God send a Savior right away?
No, the people who lived after Adam and Eve waited a long time for the Savior to come (CCC 65).
How did God prepare the people for the coming of the Savior?
God chose faithful men like Abraham to prepare the people for the coming of the Savior (CCC 51, 53).
How did God prepare Abraham?
God called Abraham to leave his home and friends to go to the Promised Land. God blessed him with riches, animals, and a beloved son (CCC 59).
How did God test Abraham?
God asked Abraham to sacrifice his beloved son, Isaac, to see if Abraham loved God above all else (Genesis 22:1-12).
Did Abraham pass God's test?
Yes, God saw that Abraham was faithful and obedient. God told Abraham that his descendants would be many, and that the Savior would come from his family (CCC 59).
How did God save Moses as a baby from the cruelty of Pharaoh?
Moses was saved from Pharaoh's cruelty when his mother placed him in the river. Pharaoh's daughter found Moses and took him into her home, according to God's plan (Exodus 2:1-10).
How did God care for His people on their way to the Promised Land?
God gave His people the manna to eat and water from a rock to drink. He encouraged them to continue on their journey (Exodus 16:21, 17:6).
What are the Commandments of God?
The Commandments of God are the moral Laws that God gave to Moses on Mount Sinai for all His people (CCC 62, 2056).
Must we follow the Commandments of God?
Yes, we must follow the Commandments of God (CCC 1776, 2072-73).
How could David prepare God's people for Jesus?
He had a heart for God. He was willing to lay down his life by fighting Goliath for his people (1 Samuel 16:11-17).
Why was David anointed with oil?
David was anointed with oil as a sign of his authority to be a king chosen by God
(1 Samuel 16:12-14).
What does the First Commandment, "I am the Lord your God: you shall not have other gods before Me" tell us to do?
The First Commandment tells us to believe in God and to love Him, to adore Him, and to serve Him alone (CCC 2084).
What does the Second Commandment, "You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain," tell us to do?
The Second Commandment tells us to keep the name of God holy, and to honor the vows and promises we have made (CCC 2142, 2147).
What does the Third Commandment, "Remember to keep holy the Lord's Day," tell us to do?
The Third Commandment tells us to honor God on Sundays and Holy Days of Obligation by taking part in the Holy Mass (CCC 2180).
What does the Fourth Commandment, "Honor your father and your mother," tell us to do?
The Fourth Commandment tells us to love, respect, and obey our parents and our superiors (CCC 2197).
What does the Fifth Commandment, "You shall not kill," tell us to do?
The Fifth Commandment tells us to be of good will toward all, including our enemies, and to mend any bodily or spiritual wrong we do to our neighbor (CCC 2302-3).
What does the Fifth Commandment, "You shall not kill," tell us not to do?
The Fifth Commandment tells us not to harm the life of anyone. This means that murder, suicide, fighting (out of anger), cursing and giving scandal are wrong (CCC 2261-62).
What does the Eighth Commandment, "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor," tell us to do?
The Eighth Commandment tells us to speak the truth carefully and to think the best of our neighbor (CCC 2469, 2478).
What must a person do, who has damaged his neighbor's good name by falsely accusing him or speaking wickedly of him?
He who has damaged his neighbor's good name by false accusation or wicked talk, must repair the damage he has done, so far as he is able (CCC 2487).
If we have stolen or damaged our neighbor's property, should we try to make restitution?
Yes, if we have stolen or damaged our neighbor's property, we should try to make restitution (CCC 2412).
What does the Tenth Commandment, "You shall not covet your neighbor's goods," tell us to do?
The Tenth Commandment tells us to be just in the desire to improve our lives, and to suffer with patience the hardships and other sufferings permitted by the Lord for our own good (CCC 2544).
How many kinds of sin are there?
Sin is of two kinds: mortal and venial (CCC 1854).
Are all sins equal?
No, sins are not all equal. Just as some venial sins are less light than others, some mortal sins are more serious and harmful than others (CCC 1854).
When was the Sacrament of Confession instituted by Jesus Christ?
The Sacrament of Confession was instituted by Jesus Christ when He said to the Apostles, "Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven: if you retain the sins of any, they are retained." (John 20:22-23, CCC 1441).
How many things are required to make a good Confession?
To make a good Confession five things are required: 1) examination of conscience;
2) sorrow of sins; 3) the intention of not committing sin again; 4) the accusation of
our sin; 5) satisfaction or penance (CCC 1450, 1454, 1456, 1459)
How is the examination of conscience done?
The examination of conscience is done by remembering the sins we have committed in thoughts, words, deeds, and omissions against the Commandments of God, beginning from our last good Confession (CCC 1454).
What is sorrow?
Sorrow is a sadness and hatred for the sins we have committed, which makes us decide not to sin again (CCC 1451).
Did Jesus Christ always exist?
As God, Jesus Christ has always existed; as man, He began to exist from the moment of the Incarnation (CCC 461, 470).
From whom was Jesus Christ born?
Jesus Christ was born of Mary ever-virgin, who therefore is the Mother of God (CCC 485, 495-96, 499).
Where was Jesus Christ born?
Jesus Christ was born at Bethlehem, in a stable, and He was placed in a manger (CCC 525).
Why did Jesus Christ wish to be poor?
Jesus Christ wished to be poor in order to teach us to be humble and not to place our happiness in riches and the pleasures of this world (CCC 526).
What is the Epiphany?
The Epiphany is a feast celebrated to remember how the wise men followed a star to Bethlehem to adore Jesus, bringing Him gifts fit for a king. This event shows that Jesus is Savior of the whole world (CCC 528).
What special event happened at Jesus' Baptism in the Jordan?
When Jesus was baptized in the Jordan, the Holy Spirit came down upon Him in the form of a dove and God the Father spoke from Heaven, saying, "This is My Beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased (CCC 535).
How is your Baptism like the Baptism of Jesus?
At my Baptism, the Holy Spirit came upon me to bring God's Life of grace into my soul and to prepare me for the work God has planned for me to do (CCC 1265, 1268, 1270).
What is the mystery of the Son of God made man called?
The mystery of the Son of God made man is called the Incarnation (CCC 461).
Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity, the Son of God made man (CCC 470).
Is Jesus Christ God and man?
Yes, Jesus Christ is true God and true man (CCC 470).
Why did Jesus work miracles?
Jesus worked miracles to show that He is God and the Kingdom is present in Him. His miracles were to gather people into the Kingdom of God (CCC 542, 547).
Why did Jesus tell parables?
Jesus told parables to teach people about the Kingdom of God and invite them into it (CCC 546).
When was the first Mass celebrated?
Jesus celebrated the first Mass with his Apostles on Holy Thursday, the night before he died (CCC 1340).
What is the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist?
The Holy Eucharist is the Sacrament in which Jesus is present under the appearance of bread and wine (CCC 1337, 1374).
What does the priest say over the bread and wine?
The priest says the same words Jesus said at the Last Supper. Over the bread he says, "This is my Body, which will be given up for you." Over the wine he says, "This is the chalice of my Blood, the Blood of the new and eternal covenant, which will be poured out for your and for many for the forgiveness of sins" (CCC 1333, 1339, 1375).
What happens to the bread and wine when the priest says the words of Jesus?
When the priest says the words of Jesus over the bread and wine, by the power of the Holy Spirit, the bread and wine change entirely into the Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity of Jesus. The appearances of bread and wine remain, but Jesus is truly present (CCC 1374-75).
What is Holy Communion?
Holy Communion is the way we unite ourselves to Jesus by receiving Him into ourselves. He comes into us and gives us His life and grace. By Holy Communion, Jesus makes us sharers in His Body and Blood to form one single Body in Christ (CCC 1331).
Why did the Son of God become man?
The Son of God became man to save us, that is, to redeem us from sin and to regain Heaven for us (CCC 461).
What did Jesus Christ do to save us?
To save us, Jesus Christ paid for our sins by suffering and sacrificing Himself on the Cross, and He taught us how to live according to God (CCC 571, 580).
What is a sacrifice?
Sacrifice is the public offering to God of something to show that God is the Creator and Supreme Master to Whom everything belongs (CCC 606).
What are the Stations of the Cross?
The Stations of the Cross are a devotional prayer in which we think about the suffering and death of Jesus (CCC 1674, 1676).
What is the Holy Mass?
The Holy Mass is the sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. The Holy Mass is offered on the altar by the priest of God, under the appearances of bread and wine, in memory of the Sacrifice of the Cross (CCC 1364-65).
Is the Sacrifice of the Mass the same sacrifice as the Sacrifice of the Cross?
The Sacrifice of the Mass is the Sacrifice of the Cross; the only difference is in the manner of performing it (CCC 1366-67).
Are we obliged to go to Mass?
We are obliged to go to Mass on Sunday and on the Holy Days of Obligation (CCC 2176-77).
What is the most proper way of taking part in Mass?
The most proper way of taking part in Mass is to offer it to God in union with the priest. We should remember the sacrifice of Jesus, His life, death, and Resurrection. We should receive Holy Communion (CCC 1391, 2180).
When do the bread and wine become the Body and Blood of Jesus?
The bread and wine become the Body and Blood of Jesus at the moment of the Consecration (CCC 1352-53).
When the Host is broken into several parts, is the Body of Jesus Christ broken?
When the Host is broken into several parts, the Body of Jesus Christ is not broken, but only the appearances of the bread. The Body of our Lord remains whole and entire in each of the parts (CCC 1377).
Is Jesus Christ found present in all the consecrated Hosts of the world?
Yes, Jesus Christ is present in all the consecrated Hosts of the world (CCC 1380).
What is the New Covenant?
The New Covenant is the perfect and unbreakable friendship to which man is called by God. Jesus established the New Covenant for us. He is the sacrifice and meal that seals the New Covenant. We are called to share in the New Covenant through Holy Communion (CCC 610-11).
What things are necessary for the worthy reception of Holy Communion?
For a worthy reception of Holy Communion three things are necessary: first, to be in the grace of God; second, to realize and to consider Whom we are about to receive; third, to observe the Eucharistic fast (CCC 1385-88).
What effects does the Eucharist produce in him who receives Jesus worthy?
In him who receives Jesus worthily, the Holy Eucharist preserves and increases grace, which is the life of the soul, just as food does for the life of the body. The Holy Eucharist takes away venial sins and helps us avoid mortal sins. It gives spiritual joy and consolation by increasing charity and the hope of internal life, of which it is the pledge (CCC 1394-95).
What is the Resurrection?
The Resurrection is the fact that Christ is risen from the dead and has conquered death, Jesus rose from the dead on the first Easter Sunday, on the third day after his death on the Cross. The Resurrection is the crowning truth of our Faith (CCC 638, 640-41).
How can we know that our suffering and death will be turned into glory and everlasting life?
Jesus' Resurrection proves Jesus' works and teachings, His power and divine authority. By Jesus' death, we are freed from sin and death. By Jesus' rising from the dead, the way to new life is opened for us (CCC 651, 654).
Why did Jesus make Peter the first Pope?
Jesus made Peter the first Pope so that Peter and the Apostles with him could rule and govern the Church according to Jesus' will and teachings (CCC 816).
Why did Jesus send His Apostles to teach and baptize all people?
Jesus sent the Apostles to teach and baptize all people so that all people could share in Jesus' life through the Church (CCC 1213, 1229, 1257).
What was the Ascension?
The Ascension was the moment when Jesus rose bodily into Heaven to sit at the Father's right hand. The Ascension happened forty days after the Resurrection
(CCC 659, 663).
What is the role of the Holy Spirit in the Church?
The Holy Spirit completes the mission of Jesus in the Church. The Holy Spirit prepares men to draw people to communion with God (CCC 737).
When did you receive the Holy Spirit?
I received the Holy Spirit when I was baptized (CCC 1257).
Who founded the Church?
Jesus Christ founded the Church. Jesus gathered His faithful followers into one society, placed it under the direction of the Apostles with Saint Peter as its head, and gave it sacrifice, its Sacraments, and the Holy Spirit, Who gives it life (CCC 763-65).
Who is the Pope?
The Pope is the successor of Saint Peter as Bishop of Rome. The Pope is the visible head of the entire Church (CCC 882).
What are the Sacraments?
The Sacraments are signs of grace instituted by Jesus Christ to make us holy (CCC 1114, 1116, 1127).
The Sacraments make us holy either by giving us the first sanctifying grace, which takes away sin, or by increasing that grace which we already possess (CCC 1123).
How do the Sacraments make us holy?
The Sacraments make us holy either by giving us the first sanctifying grace, which takes away sin, or by increasing that grace which we already possess (CCC 1123).
What are the seven Sacraments?
1) Baptism 2) Reconciliation 3) Holy Communion/Eucharist 4) Confirmation 5) Holy Matrimony 6) Holy Orders 7) Anointing of the Sick
What was the Immaculate Conception?
The Immaculate Conception was a unique gift from God to prepare May to be the Mother of Jesus. Mary was "full of grace" and free from Original Sin from the first moment of her existence (CCC 490-91).
What does "Communion of Saints" mean?
The Communion of Saints means all the faithful who form one single body in Jesus Christ: the victorious souls in Heaven, the suffering souls in Purgatory, and the militant souls on earth (CCC 947, 954).
How is our life on earth like a pilgrimage?
Our life on earth is like a pilgrimage because we are here to journey toward our heavenly home, to be united with God and to give him glory and due worship (CCC 302, 853-54).
What is our guidebook for this pilgrimage?
The Bible, which is the inspired Word of God, is our guidebook for this pilgrimage (CCC 105-8).
Who is our guide on our pilgrimage to heaven?
Jesus is our guide on our pilgrimage to heaven (CCC 1698, 2232-33).
How can we be sure that we are following the guidebook (the Bible) and our guide (Jesus) on our pilgrimage?
We can be sure that we are following the guidebook, the Bible, and our guide, Jesus, by being faithful to the Church that Jesus founded. Jesus has sent the Holy Spirit to the Church to guard the truths he has given us (CCC 171, 551).
What is heaven?
Heaven is eternal life and happiness with God (CCC 1023-24).
What is hell?
Hell is the eternal suffering of separation from God (CCC 1033-35).
What are the angels?
The angels are pure spirits, created to glorify and serve God (CCC 328-29).
Was man created weak and sinful as we are now?
Man was not created weak and sinful as we are now, but was created holy, in a state of happiness (CCC 374-76).
How is man different from the animals and special in God's eyes?
Man is different from the animals and special in God's eyes because he possesses an immortal soul (CCC 356-58, 363).
What did God give to Adam and Eve so they could love and obey him freely?
God gave Adam and Eve free will (CCC 396).
When Adam and Eve, after being tempted by the devil, sinned, did God abandon them without any hope?
When Adam and Eve failed the test of their love for God, God did not abandon them without any hope. He promised them a Savior and God's final victory over sin and death (CCC 55, 410-11).
Is murder wrong in God's eyes?
Yes, murder is very wrong in God's eyes, and it is forbidden by the Fifth Commandment (CCC 2268).
Why was Abel's sacrifice acceptable, while Cain's was not?
Abel's sacrifice was offered with faith and love, and so his sacrifice was pleasing to God, while Cain's sacrifice was not (Heb 11:4).
Did God stop loving Cain because of his sin?
No, God did not stop loving Cain because of his sin. God marked Cain to protect him and sent him away to do penance (CCC 1856, 1430, Gen 4:11-16).
Why did God send the flood?
God sent the flood to wash away evil from the earth and save the human race (CCC 56, 71).
How do we know from the story of Noah that the human family is very important to God?
We know that the human family is very important to God because God saved Noah, his wife, his three sons, and their wives on the ark during the great flood (CCC 56, 58, 2203, Gen 6:18).
Did God want division among the nations?
No, division among the nations was the result of the sin of pride committed at Babel (CCC 57).
Why is Abraham called our father in faith?
Abraham is called our father in faith because God made him the father of a holy people (CCC 59 [Gen 22:12], CCC 144-47).
Why did God test Abraham?
God tested Abraham to allow him to choose to be faithful to God (Gen 22:12).
How did God bless Abraham for passing his test?
God blessed Abraham for passing his test by giving him many descendants, who would also share Abraham's blessing. God would also bless Abraham's descendants by giving them the land of their enemies (CCC 60, Gen 22:15-18).
Why did Rebekah want Jacob to receive Isaac's blessing instead of Esau?
Rebekah wanted Jacob to receive Isaac's blessing instead of Esau because she favored Jacob and because God had told her, "the elder shall serve the younger" (Gen 25:23).
How did God show Jacob that it was wrong to trick people?
God showed Jacob that it was wrong to trick people by letting Laban trick Jacob into marrying Leah instead of Rachel, the one whom Jacob really loved (Gen 29:25).
From where did the name of Israel come?
The name Israel was given by God to Jacob, when Jacob returnee to Canaan. This name was passed on to his descendants (Gen 35:10-12).
How did God communicate with Joseph?
God communicated with Joseph through his dreams (Gen 37:5-11).
Why did God allow Joseph to be sold into slavery in Egypt?
God allowed Joseph to be sold into slavery in Egypt to save his people from the great famine (Gen 45:5-11).
Why did the people of Israel come to live in Egypt?
The people of Israel came to live in Egypt because of the rule and authority of Joseph. Pharaoh gave them the best land because he loved Joseph dearly (Gen 45:9-10, 18).
Were the people of Israel to stay in Egypt?
No, the people of Israel were not to stay in Egypt. They went there for safety and food during the famine, but it was God's plan to bring them back to the Promised Land (Gen 46:3-4).
Does sin harm our relationship with God and our neighbor?
Yes, sin harms our relationship with God and also with our neighbor. All sin hurts us and other people (CCC 1440).
How did God communicate with Moses?
God communicated with Moses through a burning bush and by filling Moses with God's Word (Ex 3:2-4, 4-12).
Does God choose the people whom men believe are best able to do his work or be his servants?
No, to do his work or be his servants, God does not choose the people whom men believe best. We see that God chose Moses, even though he was not a good speaker and was fearful (Ex 4:10).
By what name did God reveal himself to Moses, and through Moses to all people?
God revealed himself to be "I AM," the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Ex 3:14-15).
Why did God send plagues upon Egypt?
God sent plagues upon Egypt to redeem Israel and to show the Egyptians that Yahweh is the one true God (Ex 6:7, 7:5).
What is the Passover?
The Passover is the great feast to remember when God delivered the Israelites from slavery out of Egypt (CCC 62, 1363, Ex 12:21-27).
How did God finally free the Israelites from slavery to Pharaoh and the Egyptians?
God allowed the Israelites to cross the Red Sea safely, while the Egyptians were swallowed up into the Red Sea (Ex 14:21-30).
Why did God call the people of Israel to enter into a covenant with him?
God called the people of Israel to enter into a covenant with him, so that they could come to know him and serve him as the one true God. God gathered his people to give them hope of salvation (CCC 54-64).
What did the people of Israel have to do to keep the covenant?
To keep the covenant, the people of Israel had to obey the Ten Commandments (CCC 62, 2061-62).
Who must obey the Ten Commandments?
All people must obey the Ten Commandments. God revealed them to Moses for all people (CCC 2072).
What was manna?
Manna was a bread rained down from heaven. God provided manna for his people in the desert so they would live (Ex 16:4-32).
Why can we believe what Moses said and what God revealed through Moses?
We can believe Moses because God descended upon Mount Sinai so all could see him in a dense cloud and hear him when he spoke to Moses. God did this so that all would believe in him forever (Ex 19:9).
What was the Ark of the Covenant?
The Ark of the Covenant was a chest lined with pure gold, in which the Ten Commandments were kept. In the Old Testament, God's presence remained with the Ark (Ex 25:8-10, Deut 10:5).
Who were the priests of the people of Israel?
Aaron and the Levites were the priests of the people of Israel (Ex 28:43-29:9).
How did God bless and protect his people in the Promised Land?
God blessed and protected his people in the Promised Land by giving them leaders, such as Joshua and Samson, holy women, such as Ruth and Naomi, and many prophets to prepare people for the Savior (CCC 64, Josh 1:1-9, Judg 13:24, Ruth 1:16).
How did God show that Dagon was a false god?
The statue of Dagon was found face down before the Ark of the Covenant. Its head and hands were cut off as a sign that Dagon was a false god (1 Sam 5:4).
Why was it wrong for Israel to want a king?
It was wrong for Israel to want a king because God had claimed the people of Israel for his own nation—God was their king, and they were rejecting him (1 Sam 8:7).
How was a king chosen for the Israelites?
God sent Samuel the prophet to Saul, whom God had chosen. Samuel anointed Saul king of Israel (1 Sam 10:1).
Why was David made king, even though Saul was still alive?
David was made king, even though Saul was still alive, because God rejected Saul for his disobedience (1 Sam 15:23).
Who did David show the Israelites when he beat Goliath with only a slingshot?
David showed the Israelites that it was God who fought for Israel and defeated Goliath (1 Sam 17:46).
How did David displease God?
David displeased God by taking Uriah's wife, Bathsheba, for himself, which is a grave sin. After doing this, David had Uriah killed so that he could marry Bathsheba (CCC 2268, 2336).
Did David repent of his sin before God and man?
Yes, David repented of his sin before God and man, and did penance (2 Sam 12:13).
Did God make a covenant with David?
Yes, God make a covenant with David and established the throne of his kingdom forever (2 Sam 7:13).
What great work did Solomon do to honor God?
Solomon constructed the Temple in Jerusalem to give honor to God (2 Sam 7:13, 1 Kings 6:11-12).
How did God use prophets to prepare Israel for the coming of the Savior?
God used prophets to prepare Israel for the coming of the Savior by forming hope in his people and telling them what to expect (CCC 64).
When John baptized Jesus, how was the new King known?
When John baptized Jesus in the Jordan, the heavens opened, the Holy Spirit appeared as a dove, and the voice of God the Father was heard saying, "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased" (CCC 535, Mt 3:13-17).
What is man?
Main is a reasoning being composed of body and soul (CCC 355, 362).
What is the soul?
The soul is the spiritual part of man, by which he lives, understands, and is free. The soul allows man to know, love, and serve God (CCC 356, 363).
Does man have free will?
Man has free will because he is able to choose to do or not to do a thing, or to do one thing rather than another (CCC 311).
Can man do evil and be truly free?
No, man cannot do evil and be truly free. Though God allows us to choose between good and evil, to be truly free we must choose to follow the good and say yes to God (CCC 1733).
What are our duties toward God and neighbor?
Our duties toward God and neighbor are to love God and neighbor. The first three Commandments tell us how to love God. The other seven Commandments tell us how to love our neighbor (Mt 22:38-40, CCC 1822-24).
What are we told to do by the First Commandment?
The First Commandment tells us to believe in God, to trust him, to pray to him, and to love him above all other things (CCC 2134).
What does the First Commandment forbid?
The First Commandment forbids the worship of false gods and ignorance of God's plan (CCC 2110).
What is prayer?
Prayer means talking with God. Prayer is the lifting up of the soul to God in order to know him better, to adore him, to tell him we are sorry, and to ask him for what we need (CCC 2098).
What is forbidden by the Second Commandment?
The Second Commandment forbids us to use God's name without respect, to blaspheme God, the most holy Virgin Mary, the saints, or holy things; or to swear oaths that are false, not necessary, or wrong in any way (CCC 2146-49).
What is forbidden by the Third Commandment?
The Third Commandment forbids us to do any unnecessary work on Sundays and Holy Days of Obligation (CCC 2184-85).
What are we told by the Fifth Commandment?
The Fifth Commandment orders us to be of good will to all, including our enemies, and to respect our bodies and souls as well as those of our neighbors. We must do all we can to protect life from its very beginning to natural death (CCC 2258, 2319).
What does the Fifth Commandment forbid?
The Fifth Commandment forbids us to harm the lives of our neighbors or ourselves. It forbids murder, suicide, fighting (out of anger), curses and scandal (CCC 2261, 2262, 2270, 2284).
What does the Sixth Commandment forbid?
The Sixth Commandment forbids unfaithfulness in marriage. It forbids impure acts, words, books, pictures, movies, and shows (CCC 2525, 2336).
What does the Seventh Commandment tell us to do?
The Seventh Commandment tells us to respect other people's property, to repair damages that we cause, and to pay our debts (CCC 2411-12).
What does the Seventh Commandment forbid?
The Seventh Commandment forbids damaging our neighbor's property and stealing from our neighbors (CCC 2401).
What does the Eighth Commandment forbid?
The Eighth Commandment forbids lying and damaging another's reputation. This includes false witness, flattery, unfounded suspicion, and rash judgment (CCC 2464, 2477).
What does the Ninth Commandment forbid?
The Ninth Commandment forbids impure thoughts and desires (CCC 2514, 2517).
What does the Tenth Commandment forbid?
The Tenth Commandment forbids an excessive desire for riches that disregards the rights and welfare of our neighbors (CCC 2536).
How did the Son of God become man?
The Son of God became man by taking on a human body and soul in the pure womb of the Virgin Mary, by the work of the Holy Spirit. This is called the Incarnation (CCC 484-85).
Did the Son of God cease to be God when he became man?
No, when the Son of God became man, he did not cease to be God, but remained fully God while at the same time becoming fully man (CCC 464, 470).
Are there two natures in Jesus Christ?
Yes, there are two natures in Jesus Christ: divine nature and human nature (CCC 464-470).
With the two natures in Jesus Christ, are there also two persons?
With the two natures in Jesus Christ, there are not two persons, but only one, the Divine Person of the Son of God (CCC 468).
What is a mystery?
A mystery is a truth beyond our reason, but not contrary to it, revealed by God (CCC 42).
What is a miracle?
A miracle is a sign, which is beyond the laws of nature, and therefore something that can be worked only by God (CCC 548).
What did Jesus do between his death and Resurrection?
After his death on Good Friday Jesus descended into hell to take the souls of the just with him into heaven. Then he rose again from the dead on Easter Sunday, taking up his Body, which had been buried (CCC 632-35, 638).
How long did the Body of Jesus Christ remain buried?
The Body of Jesus Christ remained buried from Friday evening to Easter Sunday morning (CCC 627).
What did Jesus Christ do after his Resurrection?
After his Resurrection, Jesus Christ remained on earth forty days and taught his Apostles all they needed to continue his ministry through the Church he had founded. Then he ascended into heaven, where he sits at the right hand of God the Father almighty (CCC 642, 659).
Why did Jesus Christ remain on earth forty days after his Resurrection?
Jesus Christ remained on earth forty days after his Resurrection in order to show that he had really and truly risen from the dead, to confirm his disciples in their faith in him, to instruct them more profoundly in his teaching, and to institute the Sacrament of Reconciliation (see John 20:21-23 and CCC 642, 1485).
At the present time is Jesus Christ only in heaven?
At the present time Jesus Christ is not only in heaven, but as God he is everywhere, by the Holy Spirit he is within his Church, and as God-man he is also in the world in the Holy Eucharist (CCC 663, 667-69).
Are we obliged to take part in Mass?
We are obliged to take part in Mass on Sunday and on the Holy Days of Obligation. It is good also to attend Mass frequently, in order to participate in the greatest act of religion, the one that is most pleasing to God and best for us (CCC 2176).
Is the same Jesus Christ, who was born on earth of the Virgin Mary, present in the Eucharist?
Yes, it is the same Jesus Christ who was born on earth of the Virgin Mary who is present in the Holy Eucharist (CCC 1376-77).
What is the host before the Consecration?
Before the Consecration, the host is bread (CCC 1376-77.
What does the chalice contain before the Consecration?
Before the Consecration the chalice contains wine with a small amount of water (CCC 1376-77).
After the Consecration is there anything left of the bread and wine?
After the Consecration neither bread nor wine is present any longer. Only the appearances of bread and wine remain, without their substance. All that is really present is the Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity of Jesus Christ (CCC 1374-75).
Is only the Body of Jesus Christ present under the appearance of bread and only his Blood under the appearance of the wine?
No, under the appearance of the bread, Jesus Christ is present whole and entire in Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity; and under the appearance of wine the whole Jesus is present as well (CCC 1374, 1376-77).
How do we observe the Eucharistic fast?
We observe the Eucharistic fast by not eating or drinking anything (except for water or medicine) for one hour before Communion in order to receive Jesus worthily in the Eucharist (CCC 1387, CIC can. 919).
Is it good and useful to receive Holy Communion frequently?
It is very good and most useful to receive Holy Communion frequently, even every day, provided it is done worthily (CCC 1389).
What was Adam's sin?
Adam's sin was a grave sin of pride and disobedience. It was the first sin ever committed, so it is called Original Sin (CCC 397).
What is Original Sin?
Original Sin for us is the lack of grace with which we come into existence. It is a result of the sin of our first parents, Adam and Eve. It is not a sin we ourselves commit (CCC 405).
What is actual sin?
Actual sin is a sin that is committed voluntarily by one who has the use of reason (CCC 1850).
In how many ways is actual sin committed?
Actual sin is committed in four ways: in thoughts, in words, in deeds, and in omissions, what we fail to do (CCC 1853).
How many kinds of actual sin are there?
Actual sin is of two kinds: mortal and venial (CCC 1855, 1857).
What is mortal sin?
Mortal sin is an act of disobedience to the law of God in a serious matter, done with full knowledge and deliberate consent (CCC 1855, 1857).
What is venial sin?
Venial sin is an act of disobedience to the law of God in a lesser matter or in a matter in itself serious, but done without full knowledge of the seriousness of the action or without full consent (CCC 1855, 1862).
What is the Sacrament of Penance?
The Sacrament of Penance was instituted by Jesus Christ to forgive the sins committed after Baptism. This Sacrament is also sometimes called Confession or
Reconciliation (CCC 1422, 1428).
What is absolution?
Absolution is the judgment by which the priest, in the name of Jesus Christ, forgives the penitent his sins, saying, "I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen" (CCC 1459).
What is the penance given in the Sacrament of Penance?
The penance is a good work imposed by the confessor for the punishment and correction of the sinner and to take away some of the temporal punishment due to sin (CCC 1459).
What is an occasion of sin?
An occasion of sin is a person, place, or thing that puts us in danger of sinning (1 Jn 2:15-17).
Are we obliged to avoid occasions of sin?
Yes, we are obliged to avoid occasions of sin because we are obliged to avoid sin itself (1 Tim 5:14.
Is there only one God?
Yes, there is only one God, who exists as three equal and distinct Persons. We call these Persons the Blessed Trinity (CCC 233, 253).
What are the three Persons of the Blessed Trinity called?
The three Persons of the Blessed Trinity are called the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit (CCC 233, 254).
Who is the First Person of the Blessed Trinity?
The First Person of the Blessed Trinity is God the Father (CCC 238-240, 255).
Who is the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity?
The Second Person of the Blessed Trinity is God the Son (CCC 240-42, 255).
Who is the Third Person of the Blessed Trinity?
The Third Person of the Blessed Trinity is God the Holy Spirit (CCC 243-44, 255).
Are the three Divine Persons equal, or is one greater than the others?
The three Divine Persons, since they are only one God, are equal in every respect and possess equally and in common every perfection and every action (CCC 253, 255, 266-267).
What is infallibility?
It is the gift Christ gave the Church by which she cannot err in matters involving faith (what we believe) and morals (how we are to live) (CCC 890).
Who gave the Sacraments the power of giving grace?
Jesus Christ, true God and true man, gave the Sacraments the power of giving grace, which he himself merited for us by his Passion and death (CCC 1116, 1127).
What should we do to receive and preserve the grace of the Sacraments?
To receive the grace of the Sacraments, we must be ready for them and open to them. To preserve the grace of the Sacraments, we must cooperate by doing good and avoiding evil (CCC 1123, 1128).
What is Baptism?
Baptism is the Sacrament by which people are made children of God and members of Jesus' Church through the power of the Holy Spirit, who washes away Original Sin and any actual sin and gives the life of grace (CCC 1213, 1262).
What is Confirmation?
Confirmation is the Sacrament that makes us more perfect Christians and witnesses of Christ by the gifts of the Holy Spirit (CCC 1285).
What is the Sacrament of Matrimony?
The Sacrament of Matrimony is Christian marriage. This Sacrament unites a man and a woman permanently. It also gives them special graces in order to live in a holy way and to raise and educate their children in a Christian manner (CCC 1601).
What duties do husbands and wives assume?
Husbands and wives assume the duties of helping each other with unfailing affection in their temporal and spiritual necessities, and of raising and forming their children well, especially in the Faith (CCC 1641).
What is Holy Orders?
Holy Orders is the Sacrament which gives a man the power to carry out the sacred actions regarding the salvation of souls (CCC 1536).
What is the Anointing of the Sick?
The Anointing of the Sick is the Sacrament instituted for the spiritual and also the bodily strengthening of Christians who are gravely ill. The Anointing of the Sick increases sanctifying grace. It takes away venial sins and also mortal sins, if the sick person is unable to confess them. It gives the Christian the strength to bear patiently the evil he suffers, to resist all temptations, and, if each is the case, to die a holy death; and finally, it also helps to regain bodily health, if this is good for the soul (CCC 1499, 1508, 1520, 1523.)
Was anyone among the descendants of Adam ever preserved from Original Sin?
Besides Jesus, Mary his Mother has been preserved from Original Sin. Because she was chosen to be the Mother of God, she was "full of grace" (Lk 1:28), free from the stain of Original Sin from the first instant of her existence. The Church celebrates Mary as the Immaculate Conception (CCC 490-91).
Will Jesus Christ wait until the end of the world to judge us?
Jesus Christ will not wait until the end of the world to judge us, but he will judge each one of us immediately after death at the Particular Judgment (CCC 1021-22).
On what will Jesus Christ judge us?
Jesus Christ will judge us on the good and evil that we have done in life, including our thoughts and the things we failed to do (CCC 1022).
After the Particular Judgment, what happens to the soul?
After the Particular Judgment, if a person is without sin and without a debt of punishment for sin, his soul goes to heaven. If a person has some venial sin or temporal punishment due for sin, his soul goes to purgatory to be purified. If a person is in mortal sin, as a changeless rebel against God, his soul goes to hell (CCC 1022).
What is purgatory?
Purgatory is the temporary suffering of the lack of the vision of God and also of other punishments that remove from the soul the remains of venial sin. Purgatory holds the punishments that were not endured for sin in earthly life, and makes the soul worthy to see God (CCC 1030-32).
What does "resurrection of the body" mean?
The "resurrection of the body" means that at the Last Judgment our body will be reunited to our soul, by the power of God, in order for us to participate for all eternity in the reward of punishment that our souls have merited (CCC 988, 997-98).
Who may go to heaven?
Every good person, who loves God, serves him faithfully, and dies in his grace, may go to heaven, either directly if he is without a debt of sin, or after a purification in purgatory (CCC 1023).
Why should we want to go to heaven?
We should want to go to heaven because in heaven we will perfectly possess God, who alone can make us eternally and perfectly happy (CCC 1023-24).
How is the Sign of the Cross made?
The sign of the Cross is made by placing the right hand at the forehead, saying: "In the name of the Father," then the hand is placed at the breast saying: "and of the Son;" then the hand touches the left and right shoulders, saying" "and of the Holy Spirit," and it ends with the word "Amen" (CCC 2157).
How are the two chief mysteries of the Faith expressed by the Sign of the Cross?
By the Sign of the Cross we express the unity of the Blessed Trinity by the words; and we express the Passion, death, and Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ by tracing the Cross (CCC 1235, 2157).
What are the truths revealed by God?
The truths revealed by God are chiefly those summarized in the Apostles' Creed. They are called truths of Faith because we must believe them with full faith as taught by God, who can neither deceive nor be deceived (CCC 185-87).
What is the Apostles' Creed?
The Apostles' Creed is a profession of faith in the chief mysteries and other truths revealed by God through Jesus Christ and his Apostles and taught by the Church (CCC 194).
What are the chief mysteries of the Faith that we profess in the Creed?
There are two chief mysteries of the Faith professed in the Creed: the unity of the Blessed Trinity and the Incarnation, Passion, death, and Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ (CCC 189-90, 512).
What does "Unity of God" mean?
By "Unity of God" we mean that there is only one God (CCC 202).
What does "Blessed Trinity" mean?
By "Blessed Trinity" we mean three Divine Persons in one God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Each Person of the Blessed Trinity is distinct from the other while remaining fully God (CCC 234, 253).
What does it mean to say that the three Divine Persons are "distinct" from one another?
By saying the three Divine Persons are "distinct" from one another, we mean that the three Persons of the Blessed Trinity are distinct in their relations of origin, although all three are fully God (CCC 254-55, 266).
Do we understand how the three Divine Person, although really distinct, are only one God?
We do not understand, nor can we understand, how the three Divine Persons, although really distinct, are each fully God. That there is one God in three Divine Persons is a mystery (CCC 237).
Why is the Father the First Person of the Blessed Trinity?
The Father is the First Person of the Blessed Trinity because he does not proceed from another Person and because the other two Persons, the Son and the Holy Spirit, proceed from him (CCC 239, 244).
Why is the Son the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity?
The Son is the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity because he is eternally begotten by the Father, and because he, together with the Father, is the principle of the Holy Spirit (CCC 241-42, 244).
Why is the Holy Spirit the Third Person of the Blessed Trinity?
The Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Blessed Trinity because he proceeds from the Father and the Son (CCC 244-45).
Is each Divine Person of the Blessed Trinity God?
Yes, each Person of the Blessed Trinity is fully God (CCC 253).
Did the Father exist before the Son and the Holy Spirit?
No, the Father did not exist before the Son and the Holy Spirit. All three Divine Persons are equally the eternal God (CCC 240).
Why is God called the "Creator of heaven and earth?"
God is called the Creator of heaven and earth, of all that is, seen and unseen, because he made them out of nothing. To make something out of nothing is to create (CCC 279, 296).
Is the world entirely the work of God?
Yes, the world is entirely the work of God, and in its grandeur, beauty, and order, it reflects to us the infinite power, wisdom, and goodness of God (CCC 296, 299).
Did God create only the material things that are in the world?
No, God did not create only the materials things that are in the world, but he also created the pure spirits and the souls of each human being (CCC 327-28, 355).
Why did God create heaven and earth?
God created heaven and earth so that creatures could share in his love, being, and goodness (CCC 295).
Can man know from the world around him that God exists?
Yes, from the world around him, man can know that God exists. Man can know that God is the beginning and end of the universe (CCC 32, 36).
What special role does man have in the created world?
Man's special role is to care for God's created world and to use it wisely (CCC 378, 380).
Has God abandoned his creation, leaving it entirely to the care of men?
No, God continues to keep all creation in existence, directing it to its proper end (CCC 301).
What are the pure spirits?
The pure spirits are intelligent beings that do not have a body (CCC 328, 330).
How do we know that the pure spirits exist?
We know by faith that there are creatures who are pure spirits (CCC 328).
What creatures that are pure spirits do we know through faith?
Through faith we know that there are pure spirits that are good, the angels, and pure spirits that are wicked, the demons (CCC 329, 391-93).
Do we have duties to the angels?
We have the duty of showing reverence and respect to the angels. To our guardian angel we also have the duties of gratitude, of giving ear to his inspirations, and of never offending his presence by sin (CCC 335).
What are the demons?
The demons are angels who rebelled against God by their pride. Because of their hatred of God, they were cast into hell (CCC 391-94).
Does a man's soul die with his body?
A man's soul does not die with his body; rather, the soul lives forever because it is a spiritual reality (CCC 366).
What care must we take of our soul?
We must take the greatest care of our soul because it is immortal and because by saving our soul we can be happy forever (CCC 366-67).
Who were the first man and woman?
The first man and woman were Adam and Eve, who were created immediately by God. All other men descend from them. Hence Adam and Eve are called our first parents (CCC 375).
What destiny did God assign to man?
God assigned to man the supreme destiny of being in union with him forever. Because this is entirely above and beyond the capacity of human nature, man also received from God a supernatural power to achieve this destiny. This power is called grace (CCC 27, 1998).
What is grace?
Grace is a share in God's own life that gives us power over our weak human nature (CCC 1999).
What damage did the sin of Adam cause?
Adam's sin affected him and all men. It removed God's grace and gifts from men, and caused man to suffer illness, death, ignorance, and inclination to sin (CCC 402-405).
What is the sin called to which Adam subjected the rest of men by his fault?
The sin to which Adam subjected all men by his fault is called Original Sin because it was committed at the origin of mankind and is transmitted to all men (CCC 404).
What is Original Sin for us?
Original Sin for us is the lack of grace with which we come into existence. It is the result of the sin of our first parents, Adam and Eve; it is not a sin that we ourselves commit, but rather one that we inherit (CCC 405).
Is God unjust in punishing us on account of the sin of Adam?
God is not unjust in punishing us on account of the sin of Adam. Original Sin does not take away from us anything to which we have a right as human beings, but only the free gifts that God in his goodness would have bestowed on us if Adam had not sinned (CCC 398-88, 404).
Because of Original Sin, did man have to remain excluded forever from heaven?
Because of Original Sin, man would have had to remain excluded forever from heaven if God had not sent his own Son, Jesus Christ, from heaven to save mankind (CCC 410-12).
Was God's blessing to remain only with Abraham and his descendants?
No, God's blessing was to reach all nations of the earth through the descendants of Abraham (CCC 60).
Does God care for all people?
Yes, God upholds and sustains all creation and calls all men into union with himself (CCC 301).
What does God's saving power, shown to the Israelites at the Exodus, teach us about God's salvation for Christians?
God's saving power, shown in the Exodus, prefigures God's salvation won by the sacrifice of Christ to save Christians through Baptism (CCC 431, 1221).
How does God give man the life of grace and save him from slavery to sin and eternal death?
Through the Sacrament of Baptism, God gives man the life of grace and frees him from slavery to sin and eternal death (CCC 1213-15, 1263).
How did God form his people Israel?
God formed his people Israel by freeing them from slavery in Egypt and establishing a covenant with them at Mount Sinai to help them prepare for the coming of the Savior (CCC 62).
Who were the prophets?
The prophets were God's messengers who were to prepare God's people for the coming of the Messiah by calling them to repentance for sin, faithfulness to God's covenant, and hope for the coming Savior (CCC 64).
Who was the last and greatest of the Old Testament prophets?
Saint John the Baptist was the last and greatest of the Old Testament prophets. He prepared the way of the Lord, Jesus (CCC 523).
What was the Annunciation?
The Annunciation was the Archangel Gabriel's announcement to Mary that she had been chosen to be the Mother of the Messiah, Jesus, the Son of God (CCC 494).
What was the Visitation?
The Visitation refers to Mary's visit after the Annunciation to her cousin Elizabeth in the hill country. During his holy event, the baby Saint John the Baptist leapt for joy in his mother's womb, and Elizabeth recognized Mary as the Mother of God (CCC 523).
What is the Magnificat?
The Magnificat is the song of praise said by May at the Visitation. The Magnificat praises God for fulfilling his promises in the sending of his Son Jesus, the Savior of the world (CCC 2619).
Was Saint Joseph the father of Jesus?
Saint Joseph was not the biological father of Jesus, but was his foster father. As the husband of Mary and the guardian of Jesus, he was believed to be Jesus' true father, although actually he was not (CCC 497).
How did Jesus Christ spend his hidden years?
Jesus spent his hidden years in humility, doing manual labor, living in his local community, and submitting himself in obedience to the Jewish law and to Mary and Joseph (CCC 531-32).
What did Jesus do at the very beginning of his public ministry?
At the very beginning of his public ministry Jesus went to John the Baptist to be baptized in the Jordan (CCC 535).
If Jesus was without sin, why was he baptized?
Though Jesus was without sin, he was baptized so that he would be numbered among the sinners, accept his mission as the Messiah, and be revealed as God's beloved Son (CCC 536).
Why did Jesus go into the desert?
Jesus went into the desert to pray and do penance to prepare himself for his ministry (CCC 539).
Who were the Apostles?
The Apostles are the twelve men Jesus chose to be his closest followers. They learned from Jesus and were to share in his mission. They were given authority to preach, baptize, and lead the Church that Jesus founded (CCC 551).
How was Jesus Christ known to be the Son of God?
Jesus Christ was known to be the Son of God because God the Father proclaimed him as such at his baptism and his Transfiguration when he said, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." During his earthly life, Jesus declared himself to be the Son of God (CCC 444, 535, 554, Mt 3:17, Lk 9:35).
With what miracles did Jesus Christ confirm his teachings and show that he is God?
Jesus Christ confirmed his teaching and showed that he is God by restoring sight to the blind, hearing to the deaf, speech to the dumb, health to the sick, and life to the dead. He also commanded demons and the forces of nature. Above all, he confirmed his teaching and showed that he is truly God by his Resurrection from the dead (CCC 515, 547-50, 638).
Who can forgive sins?
Only God can forgive sins. When people said that Jesus, a man, could forgive sins, he worked a miracle to show that he was God (CCC 1441, Mk 2:10-12).
How is forgiveness of sins healing?
Forgiveness of sins heals the wounds of sin and mends our injured relationship with God and neighbor (CCC 1468-70).
Did the Son of God cease being God when he became man?
No, when the Son of God became man he did not cease being God but was true God and true man at the same time (CCC 470-71).
Are there two persons in Jesus Christ?
No, in Jesus Christ there is only one Divine Person, the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity, Jesus Christ (CCC 468-80).
Why did many people reject Jesus as the Messiah?
Many people rejected Jesus because they could not accept his message and expected different things of the Messiah (CCC 587-91).
How do we reject Jesus?
We reject Jesus by our sins. Sin is an offense against God that rejects his saving plan for us (CCC 1849-50).
What did Jesus Christ accomplish during his earthly life?
During his earthly life Jesus Christ taught us by word and deed how to live according to God's plan, and he confirmed his words by his miracles. Finally, he sacrificed himself on the Cross to cancel our debt of sin, to reconcile us with God, and to reopen heaven to us. As God's only Son, he is the only mediator between God and man (CCC 516-18, 1693, 1 Tim 2:5).
When did Jesus institute the Eucharist?
Jesus instituted the Eucharist at the Last Supper, when he took the bread and wine and said, "This is my Body" and "This is my Blood" (CCC 1337, 1339)
When did Jesus institute the holy priesthood?
Jesus instituted the holy priesthood at the Last Supper when he said, "Do this in memory of me" (CCC 1337).
How is Jesus' death on the Cross a sacrifice?
Jesus' death on the Cross was a sacrifice of love to God the Father, offered by his only Son. It is the perfect sacrifice of the Son himself, who obeyed the Father to atone and repair the damage done by man's disobedience (CCC 614).
Did Jesus Christ die as God or as man?
Jesus Christ died as man because as God he could neither suffer nor die (CCC 469, 626).
After his death, what did Jesus Christ do?
After his death, Jesus Christ descended into hell to take the souls of the just who had died before that time into paradise. Then he rose from the dead, taking up his body, which had been buried (CCC 631).
What is the significance of the Resurrection?
Because of the Resurrection we know that Jesus is God. We may trust that we too shall rise from the dead and live forever with him in heaven, as he promised (CCC 651, 654).
What is the Ascension?
The Ascension is the mystery of Jesus rising to heaven forty days after the Resurrection, body and soul, to be seated at the right hand of the Father (CCC 663,666).
What did Jesus command of his Apostles to ensure that his work would continue on earth?
Jesus commanded his Apostles to baptize all nations and teach the gospel (CCC 1223, Mt 28:18-20).
What was the Pentecost?
Pentecost was the holy event of the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles, ten days after the Ascension and fifty days after Easter. Pentecost is the "birthday of the Church" (CCC 731).
What is the Church?
The Church is the community of true Christians: baptized persons who profess the Faith and teachings of Jesus Christ, who participate in the Sacraments, and who obey the pastors whom he has appointed (CCC 751-52, 837).
Why did Jesus Christ institute the Church?
Jesus Christ instituted the Church so that men might have in her a secure guide and the means of holiness and eternal salvation (CCC 764, 774).
Why are the faithful in the Church called saints?
The faithful who belong to the Church are called saints because they are consecrated to God, justified or sanctified by the Sacraments, and they are obliged to live as holy persons (CCC 823-25).
Do the blessed in heaven and the souls in purgatory form a part of the
Communion of Saints?
The blessed in heaven and the souls in purgatory do form a part of the Communion of Saints because they are joined to each other and with us by charity (love), because those in heaven intercede for us, and those in purgatory receive our assistance through our prayers (CCC 956-58).
Where do we find the Church of Jesus Christ?
The Church of Jesus Christ continues to exist in the Catholic Church because
she alone is one, holy, catholic, and apostolic, as Jesus himself willed her to be (CCC 811).
Why is the Church one?
The Church is one because all of her members have the same Faith and the
same Sacraments. She is one because her source is the unity of the Blessed
Trinity, her founder is Jesus Christ, and her soul is the Holy Spirit (CCC 813-15).
Why is the Church holy?
The Church is holy because Jesus Christ, her invisible head, gave himself up for his bride, the Church, and endowed her with the Holy Spirit who gives her life and sanctifies her members, making them holy and into the Mystical Body of Christ (CCC 823).
Why is the Church catholic?
The Church is catholic, that is, universal, because she was instituted for all men, is suitable for all men, and has been extended over the whole world (CCC 813).
Why is the Church apostolic?
The Church is apostolic because she has been founded upon the Apostles and on their preaching, and because she is governed by their successors, the bishops, who continue to transmit both doctrine and power without interruption or change (CCC 857).
Who are the chief pastors of the Church?
The chief pastors of the Church are the Pope and the bishops united with him (CCC 862, 880).
What is the apostolic succession?
The apostolic succession is the handing on of authority from the Apostles to
the bishops. (CCC 857, 861-61).
What do the Pope and the bishops united with him constitute?
The Pope and the bishops united with him constitute the teaching body of the Church, the Magisterium. They have received from Jesus Christ the mission of teaching the truths and laws of God to all men (CCC 882-83, 888, 890).
Can the Pope and the bishops united with him err in defining teaching in matters of faith and morals?
No, the Pope and the bishops united with him cannot err in defining teaching in matters of faith and morals because they are protected by the gift of infallibility (CCC 890, 892).
Can the Pope, by himself, err in defining teaching in matters of faith and
No, the Pope, by himself, cannot err in defining teaching in matters of faith
and morals. As the Vicar of Christ on earth, he is protected by the gift of infallibility, just as the Church is (CCC 891).
What are the means of holiness and of eternal salvation that are found in
The means of holiness and of eternal salvation which are found in the Church are the Sacraments, prayer, spiritual counsel, and good example
Who gave to the Sacraments the power of conferring grace?
Jesus Christ, true God and true man, gave to the Sacraments the power of
conferring grace, which he himself merited for us by his Passion and death
What does the "forgiveness of sins" mean?
"Forgiveness of sins" means that Jesus Christ gave to the Apostles and to their successors the power of forgiving every sin in the Church (CCC 976).
How are sins forgiven in the Church?
Sins are forgiven in the Church principally by the Sacraments of Baptism
and Penance, which were instituted by Jesus Christ for this purpose (CCC 978-80).
Why is serious sin called "mortal?"
Serious sin is called mortal because it takes away from the soul sanctifying
grace, which is the life of the soul, robs the soul of its merits and of the
capacity to earn new merit, and makes it worthy of everlasting punishment,
eternal death in hell (CCC 1853).
How does one regain the grace of God lost by mortal sin?
The grace of God lost by mortal sin is regained by a good sacramental
confession or by perfect contrition, which liberates from sins even though
the obligation remains of sacramentally confessing them (CCC 1446, 1452).
Why is a sin that is less serious called "venial?"
A sin that is less serious is called "venial," that is, easily forgiven, because it does not take grace away and because it can be forgiven by repentance and good works, even without sacramental confession (CCC 1855).
Is venial sin harmful to the soul?
Yes, venial sin is harmful to the soul because it chills its love of God, disposes it for mortal sin, and makes it worthy of temporal punishments
in this life and in the next (CCC 1863).
What is the Assumption of Mary?
The Assumption of May is the truth of Faith that Mary was taken to heaven,
body and soul, at the end of her earthly life (CCC 966).
What is death?
Death is the end of man's earthly life, at which time soul and body are separated (CCC 1005-14, 1016).
Will Jesus Christ ever return visibly to earth?
Yes, Jesus Christ will return visibly to this earth at the end of time to judge
the living and the dead (CCC 680-82).
Are there two judgments?
Yes, there are two judgments: one is particular of each soul and takes
place immediately after death: the other is general for all men and takes
place at the end of time (CCC 1021, 1038).
Can we help free souls from the pains of purgatory?
We can help free souls from the pains of purgatory with good works— our prayers, indulgences, alms, and other good works, especially by means of the Holy Mass (CCC 1032).
Is it certain that heaven and hell exist?
Yes, it is certain that heaven and hell exist: God has revealed this, frequently promising eternal life and the enjoyment of him to the good and
Threatening the wicked with damnation and eternal fire (CCC 1024, 1034).
How long with heaven and hell last?
Heaven and hell with last forever (CCC 1029, 1035).
What awaits us at the end of life?
The particular judgment awaits us at the end of this life (CCC 1022).
What awaits us at the end of the world?
The resurrection of the body and the general judgment await us at the end
of the world (CCC 1016, 1038).
What does "eternal life" mean?
Eternal life means that the reward, like the punishment, will last forever. In heaven, the soul will enjoy union with God forever, whereas in hell the soul
will experience eternal absence of God (CCC 1022).
What does the word "Amen"mean?
The word "Amen" means "truly" or "I believe." With this word we confirm as true all that we profess in the Creed, hoping for the remission of our sins,
our resurrection in glory, and eternal life with God (CCC 1064).
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