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Milady Chapter 10 - Nail Disorders and Diseases
Terms in this set (26)
Disorder. Blood clots under the nail plate, causing a dark purplish spot. Caused by small injuries to nail bed.
Disorder. Noticeably thin, white nail plates, that are more flexible than normal. Caused by improper diet, hereditary factors, internal disease, or medication.
Disorder. Visible depressions running across the width of the normal nail plate. Caused by major illness or injury that has traumatized the body.
Disorder. The living skin around the nail plate splits and tears. Caused by dry skin or small cuts. AKA Agnail.
Disorder. Whitish discoloration of the nails. Usually caused by minor injury to the nail matrix. AKA white spots.
A condition caused by injury or disease to the nail unit.
Disorder. Darkening of the fingernails or toenails. Caused by a localized area of increased pigment cells.
Disorder. Nails that turn a variety of colors which may indicate surface staining, systemic disorder, or poor blood circulation.
Disorder. The result of a habit of chewing nails. AKA bitten nails.
Disorder. Split or brittle nails that have a series of lengthwise ridges giving a rough appearance to the surface of the nail plate. Caused by injury to the matrix, excessive use of cuticle removers, harsh cleaning agents, aggressive filing, or heredity. Can be corrected with a conditioning treatment.
Disorder. Highly curved nail plate usually caused by injury to the matrix but may be inherited. AKA folded nail.
Disorder. Skin is stretched by the nail plate. Caused by serious injury, burns, or chemical reactions.
Disorder. Vertical lines running down the length of the nail. Caused by uneven growth of nails.
Disorder. Caused by physical trauma to the nail bed that damages the capillaries and allows small amounts of blood to flow. Gives the appearance of a small splinter underneath the nail plate.
Disorder. Nail plates that have a deep or sharp curvature at the free edge due to the shape of the matrix. AKA trumpet nail.
Disorder. Nail surface pitting, roughness, oncholysis, and bed discolorations. (sooo rough)
A common bacteria that can cause a nail infection.
Any deformity or disease of the natural nail.
Disease. Inflammation of the nail matrix that is followed by shedding of the nail.
Disease. Nail grows into the sides of the living tissue around the nail. AKA ingrown nails.
Disease. Lifting of the nail plate from the bed without shedding.
Disease. Separation and falling off of a nail plate from the nail bed.
Disease. Bacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail. Redness, pus and swelling are seen around the skin folds.
Disease. Severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bled into the nail plate.
Disease. Fungal infections on the feet. AKA athlete's foot.
Disease. Fungal infection of the natural nail plate. Commonly seen as whitish patches that can be scraped off the nail surface. Or whitish or yellowish streaks that begin at the free edge and spread toward the matrix.
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