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48 terms

Piaget Terms: The Sensorimotor Stage

An in-depth study of Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage
STUDY
PLAY
Stage 1
(birth-1 month) Modification of newborn reflexes (sucking, grasping, stepping, swimming, etc.)
Stage 2
(1-4 months) Primary circular reactions
Stage 3
(4-8 months) Secondary circular reactions
Stage 4
(8-12 months) Goal-oriented behavior, cause/effect realization, object permanence
Stage 5
(12-18 months) Tertiary circular reactions, "little scientist," learn by experimentation
Stage 6
(18-24 months) Invention of new ways to do things, manipulate objects in their mind, symbolic thought emerges (language, imaginative play, imitation)
Primary circular reactions
Baby gets pleasurable sensations by repeatedly performing voluntary movement that is non-goal oriented
Secondary circular reactions
Baby repeats action in order to cause interesting events to happen
Tertiary circular reactions
Toddler repeatedly alters behavior to produce different results
Object permanence
Realization that something can exist without being seen
Schemes
Ways of organizing behavior
Schemas
Organized patterns of thought
Assimilation
Applying already-existing knowledge to new information
Accommodation
Adapting schemes/schemas to new information
Assimilation
A child takes a block and tries to incorporate it into the sucking scheme he already has for sucking on a bottle.

What is this an example of?
Accommodation
A child changes his/her behavior with a block since it did not act the same way when he sucked on it like a bottle.

What is this an example of?
Assimilation
Fill in the blank:

___________ -- Disequilibrium -- Accommodation
Disequilibrium
Fill in the blank:

Assimilation -- ____________ -- Accommodation
Accommodation
Fill in the blank:

Assimilation -- Disequilibrium -- ______________
birth-1 month
Stage 1 covers what time period in an infant's growth?
1-4 months
Stage 2 covers what time period in an infant's growth?
4-8 months
Stage 3 covers what time period in an infant's growth?
8-12 months
Stage 4 covers what time period in an infant's growth?
12-18 months
Stage 5 covers what time period in an infant's growth?
18-24 months
Stage 6 covers what time period in an infant's growth?
Stage 1
Grasping, sucking, and the tongue thrusts are behavioral examples of which stage?
grasping, sucking, tongue thrust
Name three examples of Stage 1 behaviors
Stage 2
A baby discovers that sucking on his/her hand is pleasurable, and so repeats that action frequently to continue feeling pleasure.

This is an example of which stage of infant development?
Stage 3
Professor Evan's baby nephew accidentally kicks her in the face as she's changing his diaper. In response, she laughs and tickles him. Her nephew, pleased, repeatedly kicks her in the face.

This is an example of which stage of infant development?
Stage 4
Object permanence develops during which of Piaget's stages?
Stage 4
Infants learn to feed themselves during which of Piaget's stages?
Stage 4
A baby learns that whenever his mother puts on her jacket, it means that they will be going outside.

This is an example of which stage of infant development?
Stage 4
Cause and effect reasoning develops during which of Piaget's stages of infant development?
Stage 5
The "Little Scientist stage" refers to which of Piaget's stages of development?
Little scientist
What is the nickname given to Piaget's 5th stage of infant development?
Stage 5
Experimentation develops during which of Piaget's stages?
Stage 5; 3
An infant accidentally drops a spoon. She likes the sound it makes, but instead of dropping the spoon again she decides to try dropping her plastic cereal bowl to see if it also makes a pretty sound.

This is an example of which stage of development?
If the baby had chosen instead to repeatedly drop the spoon, what stage of development would that have been?
Stage 6
Language development occurs during which of Piaget's stages?
Stage 6
Children begin playing pretend/fantasy during which of Piaget's stages of development?
Stage 6; 5
A child is playing with a toy of fit-the-block-into-the-correctly-shaped-hole. Instead of having to experiment and test all of the holes with the block, the child is able to look at the block and the hole, think about it, and place the block into the correct cut out.

This child is in which stage of development?
If the child had to experiment with the blocks, then which stage of development would he/she been in?
Stage 6
A child sees a McDonald's sign and immediately gets ecstatic, insisting on eating there. The child understands that the big yellow "M" stands for fun and toys!

This child is in which stage of development?
Stage 6
A baby begins calling his mother "mommy," understanding that the word is a symbol for his favorite person.

This child is in which stage of development?
hiding objects under a blanket
How did Piaget test object permanence?
12 months
At what age did Piaget conclude infants developed object permanence?
3 months
Through more advanced research techniques, we have now learned that babies develop object permanence at what age?
Sensorimotor Stage
infancy (birth-24 months)
6 stages
birth-24 months
Piaget's Sensorimotor stage covers what time period during a child's development?
6
How many subcategories does Piaget's Sensorimotor stage have?