Moving & Positioning: Chapter 16
Terms in this set (18)
shortening and tightening of the muscles because of disuse.
when lying in the supine position, the patient's ankles should be flexed approximately 90 degrees so that the toes point toward the ceiling.
permanent plantar flexion of the foot.
semi-sitting position with various degrees of head elevation with the knees slightly elevated.
lying on the right or left side to relieve pressure on the back and on the sacral and coccygeal areas.
turning a patient's body as one unit after the patient has had spinal surgery or a spinal injury.
sitting upright with the head of the bed elevated 90 degrees or sitting on the side of the bed with one's feet flat on the floor; in this position, the individual leans slightly forward with arms raised and elbows flexed, supported on an over-bed table.
this is a decrease in blood pressure that occurs when a patient changes from a reclining or flat position to an upright position, such as sitting or standing; it is common after a person has been restricted to bed rest.
the downward pointing of the foot.
Position of function
placement of the extremities in an alignment to maintain the potential for their use and movement.
lying on one's stomach with the head turned to the side.
a position in which the head of the bed is elevated 45 degrees.
a situation in which the skin layer is pulled across muscle and bone in one direction while the skin slides over another surface, such as a bed sheet, in the opposite direction.
lying on the back with the arms at the sides.
lying on one's back.
the movement of a patient from one place to another in a way that is safe both for the patient and for health-care personnel.
a rolled towel or cylindrical device placed snugly against the lateral aspect of the patient's thigh to prevent the leg from rotating outward.