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Chapter 22: The Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands (Review Questions)
Terms in this set (25)
The thyroid is an endocrine gland that regulates metabolic function through the production of all of the following hormones except:
The thyroid gland consists of _____ lobes:
The approximate dimensions of the thyroid gland are:
5 cm length, 2 cm width, 2 cm depth
The lobes of the thyroid gland are connected by:
All of the following structures form neighboring structures for the thyroid gland except the:
Sonographically, the normal thyroid gland may be described as having all of the following characteristics except:
The pyramid lobe of the thyroid gland extends from the __________.
Which one of the following structures lies medial to the left thyroid lobe?
Approximately 20% of solitary thyroid nodules are _____.
The most common cause of thyroid disorders worldwide is which one of the following?
Common disorders associated with hyperthyroidism include all of the following except:
Which one of the following sonographic features of a thyroid adenoma is the most common?
Hypoechoic peripheral halo
The parathyroid glands produce a hormone that affects the:
Kidneys, bones, and gastrointestinal tract
The normal parathyroid glands measure less than ____ millimeters (mm).
The parathyroid glands lie between the _____ borders of the _______ lobes of the thyroid gland.
Usually ______ parathyroid glands exist.
A solitary thyroid nodule in the presence of ipsilateral lymphadenopathy suggests which one of the following?
The most common cause of primary hyperparathyroidism is which one of the following?
A _______ is a palpable midline mass between the hyoid bone and the isthmus of the thyroid gland.
Thyroglossal duct cyst
Which one of the following structures lies posterolateral to the thyroid gland?
Longus colli muscle
Hyperfunction of all parathyroid glands with no apparent cause occurs with which one of the following?
Primary hyperplasia of the parathyroid glands
Increased vascularity with color doppler, termed the thyroid inferno, is observed in ________________.
The most common cause of thyroid malignancy is ________ carcinoma.
An abnormal lymph node demonstrates which one of the following?
A cystic formation lateral to the thyroid gland is typically which one of the following?
Brachial cleft cyst
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