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Chapters 1 - 6 terms for the first test.


pattern of events over time

classical conditioning



person interacts face to face with other people and influences

gene-environment correlation

passive gene, active gene, evocative gene, etc.

germinal period

2 weeks: zygote, blastocyst, 16 cell mass, etc.

fragile x syndrome

hereditary causes of mental retardation

dynamic systems theory

children use sensory feedback to modify and practice skills

chorionic villus sampling

a test of the fetus for genetic defects

life-span development model

life long process, genetic and environmental influences, multi-dementional, etc.


multiple studies on the same question


interpretation of sensory input

cultural evolution

we inherit ways to adapt to our environment

intuitive theories

born equipped to make sense of the world

psychoanalytic theory

Freud: personality develops based on motives and conflicts


fifth sense taste


Piaget: intelligence helps with adapting to environment

molecular genetics

analysis of particular genes and their effects


linkages involving social settings that individuals do not experience directly but still influence their development

secular trend

early maturation and greater body size in industrial societies


nature and nurture actually work together

Klinefelter syndrome

affects males through hereditary chromosome


aging process in men

life-span perspective

lifelong process, lifelong plasticity, development involves gains and losses, etc.

orienting system

focussing system in infants that helps with maintaining attention to events


becoming bored with a stimulus


brain fails to develop


special health problem of underdeveloped lungs in premies


symptoms the father has

retinitis pigmentosa (RP)

hereditary disorder that causes deterioration of the eye causing light sensation, etc.

sequential design

combination of cross-sectional and longitudinal approaches


a disease/drug that can harm a developing fetus

sociocultural perspective

the way a child lives helps determine how they develop

Apgar test

assessment of a newborn

proximodistal principle

develop from center outward

defense mechanisms

Freud: unconscious coping mechanisms


encasing nerves in a protective coating


genetic makeup may or may not dictate traits


brain develops special area of function like hemispheres, etc.


ability to change in response to positive and negative experiences


oxygen shortage during birth

social cognitive theory

Bandura: learn by observing

operant conditioning

Skinner: consequences determine behavior

activity-passivity issue

has a person just let forces shape their experiences


as cells multiply and migrate they become different types of cells as needed

Human Genome Project

map DNA and human chromosomes

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