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45 terms

Psych Flash Cards

Chapters 1 - 6 terms for the first test.
STUDY
PLAY
chronosystem
pattern of events over time
classical conditioning
UCS, UCR, CS, CR
microsystem
person interacts face to face with other people and influences
gene-environment correlation
passive gene, active gene, evocative gene, etc.
germinal period
2 weeks: zygote, blastocyst, 16 cell mass, etc.
fragile x syndrome
hereditary causes of mental retardation
dynamic systems theory
children use sensory feedback to modify and practice skills
chorionic villus sampling
a test of the fetus for genetic defects
life-span development model
life long process, genetic and environmental influences, multi-dementional, etc.
meta-analysis
multiple studies on the same question
perception
interpretation of sensory input
cultural evolution
we inherit ways to adapt to our environment
intuitive theories
born equipped to make sense of the world
psychoanalytic theory
Freud: personality develops based on motives and conflicts
umami
fifth sense taste
constructivism
Piaget: intelligence helps with adapting to environment
molecular genetics
analysis of particular genes and their effects
exosystem
linkages involving social settings that individuals do not experience directly but still influence their development
secular trend
early maturation and greater body size in industrial societies
epigenesis
nature and nurture actually work together
Klinefelter syndrome
affects males through hereditary chromosome
andropause
aging process in men
life-span perspective
lifelong process, lifelong plasticity, development involves gains and losses, etc.
orienting system
focussing system in infants that helps with maintaining attention to events
habituation
becoming bored with a stimulus
anencephaly
brain fails to develop
surfactant
special health problem of underdeveloped lungs in premies
couvades
symptoms the father has
retinitis pigmentosa (RP)
hereditary disorder that causes deterioration of the eye causing light sensation, etc.
sequential design
combination of cross-sectional and longitudinal approaches
teratogens
a disease/drug that can harm a developing fetus
sociocultural perspective
the way a child lives helps determine how they develop
Apgar test
assessment of a newborn
proximodistal principle
develop from center outward
defense mechanisms
Freud: unconscious coping mechanisms
myelination
encasing nerves in a protective coating
genotype
genetic makeup may or may not dictate traits
lateralization
brain develops special area of function like hemispheres, etc.
plasticity
ability to change in response to positive and negative experiences
anoxia
oxygen shortage during birth
social cognitive theory
Bandura: learn by observing
operant conditioning
Skinner: consequences determine behavior
activity-passivity issue
has a person just let forces shape their experiences
differentiation
as cells multiply and migrate they become different types of cells as needed
Human Genome Project
map DNA and human chromosomes