27 terms

Models of Communication

STUDY
PLAY
Linear Model
- Shannon & Wevaer, 1949
- 1 way model of communication
- Historical perspective
- Delivering speeches
- Creating an idea so like a message to an audience
Sender
- person who has pure thoughts, ideas or feelings in their minds but want to get out out somehow.
-
Encoding
Taking your pure ideas, thoughts or ideas labeling them with symbols & organizing them in some way
Example: someone steps on your toes, you find a way to express that
Message
The actual meaning that you are trying to get across
Channel
How we send, receive & deliver messages
Example: our senses. Sight. Touch, smell. Taste. Hearing
Receiver
The person who receives the message, then they decode the message.
Decoding
Taking the pure thoughts, feelings or ideas and try to figure out what the symbols mean.
Noise
An interruption of the communication process.
- Physical noise
- Semantic Noise
- Psychological Noise
- Physiological Noise
Physical Noise
External noise to the receiver and sender of the message
Example: a loud ruck passing by
Semantic Noise
Word meaning. If you don't understand a word you might not get the meaning of the message
Example: Slang
Psychological Noise
Things that are going on in your mind. To both the sender & receiver.
Example: biases, rascism.
Physiological Noise
Biological influences that interfere with the sending & receiving of the message.
Example:mental illness, deaf
Example of Linear model
Speaking to an audience or social media
Interactional Model
- Schramm, 1954
- Interactive
- Two-way model
- Circular Model
Interactional Model. Adds feedback
- Let's the sender know the meaning that the receiver decoded from the message sent
Example: a tennis game of communication. The Q & A of a job interview.
Interactional Model also adds: Concept of Field of Experience
Everything that the people are. All the experiences that you've had up until you meet the other person. Has to overlap to create mutual understanding
Transactional Model
- 1970, current view
Current view of communication process
Transactional Model adds
Sender & receiver have sent messages simultaneously. WHY. Because of the non-verbal communication
Example: you walk into a room. 2 people are talking. You don't know who is the sender or receiver.
Transactional Model, also adds
That we now believe that each party is equally responsible for the creation of meaning.
Example: Does that make sense?
Contexts
- Interpersonal
- Intrapersonal
- Small Group
- Organization
- Public or Modified
- Intercultural
- Health
Intrapersonal
- You are talking to yourself
- you are communicating to yourself
Example : when you wake up in the morning "Get up girl!!!"
Interpersonal
Talking to another a small group of people. No more than 5 people
Small Group
- When you are working with a group.
- There are certain rules of expectation
An Organization
- Hierarchy and efficiency
- How rules and policies set up the organizations
- Policies
Mass Media
Communication taking place over a channel
Public Speaking
- A person delivers his/her ideas to a large audience
- Rhetoric
Intercultural
Where 1 or more people come together and communicate but they share a different background.
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