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39 terms

A&P CH 2 CHEMISTRY

STUDY
PLAY
ENZYMES
special enzymes that control chemical reactions
ATOM
the smallest piece of an element
ELEMENT
when 2 alike atoms join together it creates this.
KINETIC ENERGY
energy in motion, ex;dancing
MOLECULE
the smallest unit of a compound
CHEMICAL BOND
when 2 atoms share an electron
WATER
is a compound
GLYCOGEN
stored sugar in liver and cells for energy
NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM
contains neutrons and protons
LIPIDS
fats
TRIGLYCERIDES
fats
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
the strong acid found in the stomach that chemically breaks down food
ALKALINE OR BASE
pH of 7.1-14
ACID
pH of 0-6.9
NEUTRALIZATION
when a high acid solution is mixed with an alkaline (base) the pH level becomes 7 (neutral)
DEHYDRATION SYNTHESIS
when a molecule of H2O is lost.
BONE
solid matter in the body
BLOOD
liquid matter in the body
MATTER
cannot be created or destroyed, and occupies space and has mass.
POTENTIAL ENERGY
energy stored in the cells, example; when watching TV
CARBON
in all organic compounds
INORGANIC COMPOUNDS
does not have carbon
CHOLESTEROL
a lipid that can clog arteries
POLYSACCARIDES
a sugar chain with many carbon molecules
MONOSACCARIDE
a sugar chain with 1 carbon molecules
DISACCARIDE
a sugar chain with 2 carbon molecules
PROTONS
have a positive charge, found in the nucleus
K+
potassium
BIOCHEMISTRY
the study of chemical reaction in living things
HOMEOSTASIS
how our bodies try to maintain balance
Ca
calcium
Na+
sodium
Fe
iron
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
RNA
ribonucleic acid
H2O
water
NaCl
sodium chlorine, aka table salt
NaHCO3
sodium bicarb, baking soda
C12H22O11
table sugar