50 terms

Chapter 6-10 History

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In the early 1800s, the Mississippi River was important because it
served as a major highway for trade
The Louisiana Purchase initially presented as a dilemma for President Thomas Jefferson because he believed it would
violate his strict constructionist view of the Constitution
The principle goal of the supporters of Manifest Destiny in the 1840s was to
expand United States territory to the Pacific Ocean
The foreign policies of President James Polk involving Texas, California, and the Oregon Territory were all efforts to
fulfill the goal of manifest destiny
The best title for this map would be
United States Territory Expansion
The Louisiana Purchase was important to the United States because it
secured control of the Mississippi River
The term that refers to the idea that settlers had the right to decide whether slavery would be legal in their territory is
Popular sovereignty
In the 1830s, the phrase "bleeding Kansas" was used to describe clashes between
proslavery and antislavery groups
The situation that was the most immediate result of Abraham Lincoln's election in the presidency in 1860 was
several Southern states seceded from the Union
Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865 --
This statement reveals President Lincoln's support for
a fair and generous peace
The Reconstruction plans of President Abraham Lincoln and President Andrew Jackson included a provision for the
resumption of full participation in Congress by Southern states
Based on the Cartoon titled The Strong Government, 1869-1877, the main idea of the cartoon from the Reconstruction Era is
Southern society was oppressed by Radical Republican policies
The congressional action that led to the Southern viewpoint expressed in this cartoon from the Reconstruction Era is
military occupation of the former Confederate states
The common purpose of the three amendments added to the United States Constitution between 1865 and 1870 was
granting rights to African Americans
The underlying reason for the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson was
a power struggle with Congress over Reconstruction
The effect that the system of sharecropping had on the South after the Civil war was
it kept formerly enslaved persons economically dependent
During Reconstruction, the Black Codes passed by Southern states were attempts to
deny equal rights to African Americans
Booker T. Washington stated that the best way for formerly enslaved persons to advance themselves in American society was to
pursue economic gains through vocational training
In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court ruled that
racial segregation was constitutional
The most direct effect of poll taxes and literacy tests on African Americans was to
prevent them from voting
The Principle reason Congress raised tariff rate in the late 1800s and early 1900s was to
protect United States businesses from foreign competition
One reason John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and J Pierpont Morgan were sometimes called robber barons was because they
used ruthless business tactics against their competitors
In the late 1800s, the theory of laissez-faire capitalism was used by many industrialists to
argue against government regulation of business practices
A goal of the Granger and Populist movements was to
help Western farmers fight unjust economic practices
During the late 1800s, presidents and governors most often used military force during labor-management conflicts as a way to
support industrialists and end strikes
The main idea of the cartoon on page 141, from the 1800s, is
business has advantages over labor
The American Federation of Labor responded to the situation shown in the cartoon by
Organizing skilled workers into unions
In the late 1800s, free and unlimited coinage of silver was supported by farmers primarily because they hoped this policy would
increase crop prices and make it easier to repay loans
The national income tax, free and unlimited coinage of silver, and the direct election of senators were proposals that were included in the
Populist Party Platform
The Interstate Commerce Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act were attempts by Congress to
regulate the activities of big business
During the late 1800s, the major effect of industrialization on workers in the United States was
skilled craftsmen were replaced by semiskilled machine operators
"Society advances when its fittest members are allowed to assert themselves with the least hindrance" This idea expresses the
principles of Darwinism
Between 1870 and 1920, the federal government placed relatively few restrictions on immigration primarily because it wanted to
ensure that there would be workers for the factories
Between 1880 and 1920, the majority of the 'new immigrants' to the United States came from
Southern and Eastern Europe
The experience of most of the 'new immigrants' who arrived in the United States in the late 1800s and early 1900s was
they lived in urban areas and most held low-paying jobs
Speaker A "Our nation has grown and prospered from the ideas and labor of immigrants. The nation has been enriched by immigrants from different nations who brought new ideas and lifestyles, which have become part of American culture." Speaker
A most clearly expresses the melting pot theory
Speaker D is expressing an opinion most like that of a
political party boss
The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and the Gentlemen's Agreement with Japan (1903) are examples of
actions that reflected widespread nativist sentiment
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, many members of Congress supported legislation requiring literacy tests for immigrants in attempt to
restrict immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe
The passage of the Dawes Act in 1887 was primarily an attempt by the United States government to
encourage Native American Indians to give up their traditional cultures
A major purpose of the Progressive movement was to
correct the economic and social abuses of industrial society
During the early 1900s, the term muckrakers was used to describe
writers who exposed the evils in American society
Based on the Progressive Era Legislation chart on page 181, the common purpose of these legislative acts was to
promote the general welfare of the American public
Based on the chart titled States and Territories Fully Enfranchising Women Prior to the 19th Amendment, the conclusion about women's suffrage is
before 1919, many of the Western states had granted women the right to vote
During the early 1900s, the initiative, recall, and referendum were changes made in many states to give
voters greater direct participation in government
President Theodore Roosevelt's policy regarding big business was to
distinguish between "good" and "bad" trusts
A graduated income tax is based on the idea that tax rates should
rise as individual or business incomes rise
President Woodrow Wilson supported creation of the Federal Reserve System in 1913 to
regulate the amount of money in circulation
When the Federal Reserve Board lowers interest rates, it is most likely attempting to
stimulate consumer spending
During the Progressive Era, an amendment to the United States Constitution provided for greater representative democracy by changing the method of selecting the
members of the United States Senate