34 terms

19th century reform movement

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Dorothea Dix
She was an American activist on behalf of the indigent insane who, created the first generation of American mental asylums.
Charles Finney
was a leader in the Second Great Awakening.
Frederick Douglass
After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement.
Lyman Beecher
spoke about the evils of alcohol.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
led the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century.
Margaret Fuller
women's rights advocate associated with the American transcendentalism movement. She was the first full-time American female book reviewer in journalism.
Henry David Thoreau
He is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings.
Ann Lee
was the leader of the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing.
Emma Willard
was an American women's rights activist who dedicated her life to education.
William Lloyd Garrison
editor of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator, and as one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Lucy Stone
the first woman from Massachusetts to earn a college degree
Susan B. Anthony
She was co-founder of the first Women's Temperance Movement
Sarah Grimke
was an American abolitionist, writer, and suffragist.
Elizabeth C. Stanton
An American social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early woman's movement.
Lucretia Mott
was an American Quaker, abolitionist, women's rights activist, and a social reformer.
Shakers
The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, known as the Shakers
Troy Female Seminary
the first American educational institution to offer young women a college education equal to young men
Transcendentalism
A 19th-century idealistic philosophical and social movement that taught that divinity pervades all nature and humanity.
Nativists
a policy of favoring native-born inhabitants over immigrants
Middle Class
the social class between the lower and upper classes
Temperance
the use of little or no alcoholic drink
Abolition
the movement to end slavery
Seneca Falls Convention
Women's rights convention that results in a declaration of sentiments but not much else
Common-school Movement
a historical attempt to make education available to all children in US
Declaration of Sentiments
a document signed in 1848 by 68 women and 32 men, 100 out of some 300 attendees at Seneca Falls, New York, now known as the Seneca Falls Convention
Emancipation
freeing someone from the control of another
Underground Railroad
a network of people who helped thousands of enslaved people escape to the North by providing transportation and hiding places
Tenements
freeing someone from the control of another
Utopian society
attempted way of living. everything was supposed to be perfect, everything communal, no money
The Liberator
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Know nothing party
Secret Nativist political party that opposed Immigration during the 1840's and early 1850's. Officially called the American Party
Second great awakening
a series of Protestant religious revivals that began in 1797 and lasted into 1830s
Brook Farm utopian society
communal living in the United States in the 1840s
Ireland's potato blight
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