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World of Art: Chpt 5
Terms in this set (33)
flat, two-dimensional (height and width) Ex: a square
solid that occupies a three-dimensional volume (height, width and depth) Ex: a cube
Donald Sultan's creation entitled "Lemons" created in 1984 demonstrates which, mass or shape?
Shape - it is two dimensional or flat
The space around the subject; surrounds positive shapes
the shape of an object that serves as the subject for a drawing.
three dimensional space
The actual space in the environment, and the representation of it in the form of pictorial illusion.
What does Martin Puryear's, "Self" sculpture created in 1978 demonstrate?
three-dimensional space (mass)
What is unique about Barbara Hepworth's "Two Figures" sculpture created 1947-1948?
Into each of her figures, she carved negative spaces that add to the overall sculpture. They make the sculpture appear to have human body parts.
What does the "belly pregnant wtih rice" represent?
The spoon represents the power of the imagination to transform an everyday object into a symbolically charged container of social good.
What was the spoon, "belly pregnant with rice" used for?
Used by a wunkirl who would go around at a festival dancing and singing to give away more than other wunkirles to try to win as the most generous wunkirle of all
What does Olafur Eliasson do with his piece, "Suney" created in 1995?
He adds color to the negative space in a room by using a yellow Mylar sheet. It demonstrates how the real, ordinary world is made up of three-dimensional space.
What is the ONLY way three-dimension can be achieved on a flat canvas?
by means of illusion
What are some ways that Steve DiBenedetto achieves three-dimension in his 2004 work, "Deliverance"?
Use of large and small objects in his picture, overlapping images, use of line, our view which is looking down, use of shadow.
An artistic principle developed in the Renaissance that allowed a painter to create a greater illusion that before. The principle is based on all horizontal lines going towards one or two points on the horizon or at eye level, while vertical lines remain vertical. This was based on the new idea of having a certain perspective with which one should view a painting.
one-point linear perspective
lines are drawn on a picture plane in such a way as to represent parallel lines reciding into one vanishing point.
A point in space, usually located on the horizon, where parallel edges of an object appear to converge.
where the viewer is positioned
vanishing point is directly across from viewers vantage point
i.e. Leonardo da Vinci, "The Last Supper"
Why doesn't Duccio succeed in his 1308 work "Annunciation of the Death" of the Virgin to create linear perspective?
He has several vanishing points that appear to be "natural."
Leonardo da Vinci's "The Last Supper" (1495-1498) successfully uses frontal one-point perspective system. Where is the vanishing point for all lines in the picture?
two-point linear perspective
When there are two vanishing points in a composition. Examples: Eric Bulatov's "Happy End" 1989, Gustave Caillebotte's "Place de l'Europe on a Rainy Day" 1875-77
a system for projecting space in which the front of an object or building is parallel to the picture plane, and the sides, receding at an angle, remain parallel to each other, rather than converging as in linear perspective. Example: Kumano Mandala created in 1300 in Japan
another way to indicate spatial depth; for example, the further away the artist wants something to appear, the higher it is in the composition.
often used by architects; all lines remain parallel rather than receding to a common vanishing point. Example: Theo van Doesburg and Cornelius van Eesteren's "Color Construction" 1923
one-eyed point of view
What does "Man with Big Shoes" (1890) demonstrate?
It shows how our eyes have slightly different points of view (use of a stereoscope to take the picture).
to shorten an object to make it look as if it extends backward into space. Example: Andrea Mantegna's "The Dead Christ" 1501
Why was "Mystery of the Street by photographer Otto Umbehr considered "disconcerting and strange?"
People were not used to viewing themselves from and angle above.
What was artist Paul Strand's main focus in his 1916 photograph, "Abstraction, Porch Shadows?"
He wanted to draw the viewer's attention to the patterns of light and dark that created a visual rhythm across a surface.
Why might a painter violate the rules of perspective?
to draw attention to the act of imagination that created the paining not its overt subject matter. Example: Henri Matisse's "Harmony in Red" 1908-09
Paul Cezanne's "Mme. Cezanne in a Red Armchair" (1877) is very flat. Rather than trying to portray an exact likeness, what was his painting focusing on more?
the activity of painting itself, the play of its pattern and color.
Terry Winters' 1998 "Color and Information results in what type of impression with viewers in general?
between order and chaos, image and abstraction, information and information overload.
How does Mary Flanagan's 2001 [Collection] work?
Viewers click on a link and a download scours the viewer's hard drive for bits an pieces from emails, web browser, business letters, sound files etc. and presents them (taken from many many individuals) as moving three dimensional and continuously shifting map of info.
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