How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

47 terms

Usage 2 (Pages 916-917)

STUDY
PLAY
etc.
etc. or and etc.: means "and the rest"
and etc.
etc. or and etc.: redundant
and/or
and, or, and/or: indicates three options: one or the other or both; if you mean all three options, it is appropriate
and
and, or, and/or: means both
or
and, or, and.or: means either
and which, and who
two options that are only correct when used to introduce a second clause beginning with the same relative pronoun; otherwise and is not needed
ante-
ante- or anti-: means "before"
anti-
ante- or anti-: means "against;" needs a hyphen if used before a capital letter or i
anxious
anxious or eager: means "nervous or worried" and is usually followed by about
eager
anxious or eager: means "looking forward" and is usually followed by to
anybody
anybody or any body: indefinite pronoun
any body
anybody or any body: a noun modified by any
anyone
anyone or any one: indefinite pronoun
any one
anyone or any one: a pronoun or adjective modified by any
any more
any more or anymore: means "no more"; used in negative constructions
anymore
any more or anymore: means "now"; used in negative constructions
anyplace
colloquial for anywhere
anyways
nonstandard for anyway
anywheres
nonstandard for anywhere
apt, likely
apt, liable, or likely: interchangeable
apt
apt, liable, or likely: means, "having a tendency to"
likely
apt, liable, or likely: means, "probably going to"
liable
apt, liable, or likely: normally means "in danger of" and should be confined to situations with undesirable consequences; strictly means "responsible" or "exposed to"
are
are or is: used with a plural subject
is
are or is: used with a singular subject
as
substituting for because, since, or while; may be vague or ambiguous; should never be used as a substitute for whether or who
as and then
in comparisons, precede a subjective-case pronoun when the pronoun is a subject; precede an object-case pronoun when the pronoun is an object
assure
assure, ensure, or insure: means "to promise"
ensure, insure
assure, ensure, or insure: often used interchangeably to mean "make certain"
ensure
assure, ensure, or insure: used for more general meanings
insure
assure, ensure, or insure: some reserve it for matters of legal and financial protection
as to
a stuffy substitute for about
at
use of this word after where is wordy and should be avoided
at this point in time
wordy now, at this point, or at this time
awful
awful or awfully: means, "awe-inspiring"; should be avoided in formal speech or writing
awfully
awful or awfully: means "very" or "extremely"; should be avoided in formal speech or writing
a while
a while or awhile: an article and a noun; can serve as the object of a preposition but cannot modify a verb
awhile
a while or awhile: an adverb; can modify a verb but cannot serve as the object of a preposition
bad
bad or badly: should be used only as an adjective
badly
bad or badly: adverb
being as, being that
2 phrases that are colloquial for because, the preferable word in formal speech or writing
beside
beside or besides: a preposition meaning "next to"
besides
beside or besides: a preposition meaning "except" or "in addition"
had better
better or had better: means "ought to" and is a verb modified b an adverb; the verb is necessary and should not be omitted
bring
bring or take: used only for movement from a farther place to a nearer one
take
bring or take: used for any other movement (besides from a farther place to a nearer one)
bunch
in formal speech writing, this as a noun should be used only to refer to clusters of things growing or fastened together, such as bananas or grapes; its use to mean a group of items or people is colloquial; crowd or group is preferable