etc. or and etc.: means "and the rest"
etc. or and etc.: redundant
and, or, and/or: indicates three options: one or the other or both; if you mean all three options, it is appropriate
and, or, and/or: means both
and, or, and.or: means either
and which, and who
two options that are only correct when used to introduce a second clause beginning with the same relative pronoun; otherwise and is not needed
ante- or anti-: means "before"
ante- or anti-: means "against;" needs a hyphen if used before a capital letter or i
anxious or eager: means "nervous or worried" and is usually followed by about
anxious or eager: means "looking forward" and is usually followed by to
anybody or any body: indefinite pronoun
anybody or any body: a noun modified by any
anyone or any one: indefinite pronoun
anyone or any one: a pronoun or adjective modified by any
any more or anymore: means "no more"; used in negative constructions
any more or anymore: means "now"; used in negative constructions
colloquial for anywhere
nonstandard for anyway
nonstandard for anywhere
apt, liable, or likely: interchangeable
apt, liable, or likely: means, "having a tendency to"
apt, liable, or likely: means, "probably going to"
apt, liable, or likely: normally means "in danger of" and should be confined to situations with undesirable consequences; strictly means "responsible" or "exposed to"
are or is: used with a plural subject
are or is: used with a singular subject
substituting for because, since, or while; may be vague or ambiguous; should never be used as a substitute for whether or who
as and then
in comparisons, precede a subjective-case pronoun when the pronoun is a subject; precede an object-case pronoun when the pronoun is an object
assure, ensure, or insure: means "to promise"
assure, ensure, or insure: often used interchangeably to mean "make certain"
assure, ensure, or insure: used for more general meanings
assure, ensure, or insure: some reserve it for matters of legal and financial protection
a stuffy substitute for about
use of this word after where is wordy and should be avoided
at this point in time
wordy now, at this point, or at this time
awful or awfully: means, "awe-inspiring"; should be avoided in formal speech or writing
awful or awfully: means "very" or "extremely"; should be avoided in formal speech or writing
a while or awhile: an article and a noun; can serve as the object of a preposition but cannot modify a verb
a while or awhile: an adverb; can modify a verb but cannot serve as the object of a preposition
bad or badly: should be used only as an adjective
bad or badly: adverb
being as, being that
2 phrases that are colloquial for because, the preferable word in formal speech or writing
beside or besides: a preposition meaning "next to"
beside or besides: a preposition meaning "except" or "in addition"
better or had better: means "ought to" and is a verb modified b an adverb; the verb is necessary and should not be omitted
bring or take: used only for movement from a farther place to a nearer one
bring or take: used for any other movement (besides from a farther place to a nearer one)
in formal speech writing, this as a noun should be used only to refer to clusters of things growing or fastened together, such as bananas or grapes; its use to mean a group of items or people is colloquial; crowd or group is preferable
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