What are sexual transmitted diseases?
Infections spread from person to person through sexual contact.
What are symptoms of chlamypia?
burning during urination, unusual discharge, women can bave fever and bleeding
What are long term effects of chlamypia?
inflammation, women can have damage to fallopian tubes and infertility
What are symptoms of trichomoniasis?
pain during urination, women can have strong odor and/or unusual discharge
Why do STI's untreated?
embarrassment or fear
lack of symptoms
notification policies-health care providers are not required to report all STI's (HPV & Herpes)
What are antibiotics?
A class of chemical agents that destroy disease-causing microorganisms while leaving the patient unharmed.
5 ways to stay abstinent?
set personal limits
avoid dating someone who is sexually active
avoid situations that may lead to sex
be clear about your intentions on dates
practice refusal skills
What are high risk behaviors?
being sexually active with more than one person
engaging in unprotected sex
engaging in sexual-activity with high-risk partners
using alcohol or drugs
Diagnosis - visual inspection, blood test
Treatment - NO CURE, antiviral medication can shorten outbreaks
Diagnosis - Lab tests, urine test
Treatment - antibiotics, strain is becoming drug resistant making treatment difficult
What are HPV Vaccines?
A vaccine that can prevent cervical cancer, pre-cancerous genital lesions (or sores), and genital warts.
What is HIV and AIDS?
Human immunodeficiency virus - a virus that attacks the immune system.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome - a disease in which the immune system is weakened.
Four stages of HIV
Asymptomatic - no outward signs (up to 10 years)
Middle - patients experience flu like symptoms (fever, headache, sore throat)
Symptomatic - helper T-cell count falls to 200 - 400 per milliliter of blood
AIDS - helper T - cells fall bellow 200
What is the Safe Delivery Act?
A baby may be surrendered to a "safe place" (fire station, police station, or hospital) with no questions asked.
After 28 days the baby will be placed up for adoption.
What is the age of consent in Michigan
16 years - anyone engaging in sex with someone under 16 could face criminal charges.
What are new cases of HIV?
Over 40,000 new cases yearly in the U.S - 5,000 of those will be between the ages of 13 - 24
Over 2.5 million new yearly cases world wide
What are the Benefits For Early Detection?
Slow the virus down quickly before it spread
Avoid spreading the virus to others
Quickly being placed on medication with a proper diet and exercise programs can slow the virus