Diagnosis - physical examination, blood test Treatment - antibiotics or penicillin
What are HPV Vaccines?
A vaccine that can prevent cervical cancer, pre-cancerous genital lesions (or sores), and genital warts.
What is HIV and AIDS?
Human immunodeficiency virus - a virus that attacks the immune system. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome - a disease in which the immune system is weakened.
3 ways HIV can spread
sexual intercourse sharing needles mother to baby
Four stages of HIV
Asymptomatic - no outward signs (up to 10 years) Middle - patients experience flu like symptoms (fever, headache, sore throat) Symptomatic - helper T-cell count falls to 200 - 400 per milliliter of blood AIDS - helper T - cells fall bellow 200
What is the Safe Delivery Act?
A baby may be surrendered to a "safe place" (fire station, police station, or hospital) with no questions asked. After 28 days the baby will be placed up for adoption.
What is the age of consent in Michigan
16 years - anyone engaging in sex with someone under 16 could face criminal charges.
What are new cases of HIV?
Over 40,000 new cases yearly in the U.S - 5,000 of those will be between the ages of 13 - 24 Over 2.5 million new yearly cases world wide
What is the EIA test?
test that screens for antibodies (first test)
What is the Western Plot test?
test that detects the HIV antibodies and confirms the EIA test.
What is the RNA test?
shows the amount of the virus in the blood
What is the CD4 test?
shows the number of white blood cells
What is the Rapid test?
new test that gives results in 20 minutes
What are the Benefits For Early Detection?
Slow the virus down quickly before it spread Avoid spreading the virus to others Quickly being placed on medication with a proper diet and exercise programs can slow the virus
What are Drugs that slow the HIV virus?
A powerful treatment known as antiretroviral therapy or HAART New single-pill treatment has been found to have similar effects