17 terms

four year olds

Physical development
increased body strength and coordination. Bones improving. Permanent teeth forming beneath gums, start losing baby teeth, calcium vitamin D important
Gross Motor development
Four year old, hop on one foot, walk down stairs, balance on 1 foot for 10 seconds, walk backwards. Five year old, skip, riding bike with training wheels, climb. For both, throwing and catching improved
Hand eye coordination
Four year old, complete 5 piece puzzle piece, drawing forms more refined, start to wirte letters. Five year old, complete 8+ piece puzzle set, work with clay,improve in control of pen/pencil, print first names
Self help skills
Dress and undress themselves with little help. Four year old, buckle belt, use fork. Five year old, button/unbutton, put shoes on correctly, tie own shoelaces, able to cut foods with knife. For Both, Able to clean their places, more skilled at brushing teeth, use washcloth for wiping hands/face, able to brush hair
cognitive develpoment
better understanding of symbols. Increased language comrehension and expressive language skills. Describe what they see and remember. Start to ask "why"
Language comprehension
space concepts increasing " beside, bottom, backward, foward". Better at follwing 3 part commands. Know difference between plural and singular. Take words litterally
Language comprehsion reading
reading, cannot read but are starting to understand words and symbols, recognize many letters of alphabet and name, want stories read repeatedly, will try to pick out and say words they recognize
expressive language skills
very talkative
ability to speak in clearly pronounced sounds. Trouble with ch, th
repeating sounds or words and pausing while speaking
vocabulary four year olds
1500 words
vocabualry five year olds
2000 words
expressive language skills grammer
grammar, Learn exceptions to rules for past tense, propose questions, trouble with proper pronouns
math skills four year olds
count to 9. Recognize #1-5. Time concepts still confusing
math skills five year olds
count to 20. Recognize #6-10. TIme concepts still confusing
social development
friendships are important, more independent from adults, play on own or with other children, four year old= more solitary play. accepts rules
emotional development
relilzed helping others is a way of showing love, develop sense of humor, fear: start to realize the difference betweenreal and immagined, aware of more dangers, increased fear of being hurt. Anger: use words to express anger