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Physical development

increased body strength and coordination. Bones improving. Permanent teeth forming beneath gums, start losing baby teeth, calcium vitamin D important

Gross Motor development

Four year old, hop on one foot, walk down stairs, balance on 1 foot for 10 seconds, walk backwards. Five year old, skip, riding bike with training wheels, climb. For both, throwing and catching improved

Hand eye coordination

Four year old, complete 5 piece puzzle piece, drawing forms more refined, start to wirte letters. Five year old, complete 8+ piece puzzle set, work with clay,improve in control of pen/pencil, print first names

Self help skills

Dress and undress themselves with little help. Four year old, buckle belt, use fork. Five year old, button/unbutton, put shoes on correctly, tie own shoelaces, able to cut foods with knife. For Both, Able to clean their places, more skilled at brushing teeth, use washcloth for wiping hands/face, able to brush hair

cognitive develpoment

better understanding of symbols. Increased language comrehension and expressive language skills. Describe what they see and remember. Start to ask "why"

Language comprehension

space concepts increasing " beside, bottom, backward, foward". Better at follwing 3 part commands. Know difference between plural and singular. Take words litterally

Language comprehsion reading

reading, cannot read but are starting to understand words and symbols, recognize many letters of alphabet and name, want stories read repeatedly, will try to pick out and say words they recognize

expressive language skills

very talkative


ability to speak in clearly pronounced sounds. Trouble with ch, th


repeating sounds or words and pausing while speaking

vocabulary four year olds

1500 words

vocabualry five year olds

2000 words

expressive language skills grammer

grammar, Learn exceptions to rules for past tense, propose questions, trouble with proper pronouns

math skills four year olds

count to 9. Recognize #1-5. Time concepts still confusing

math skills five year olds

count to 20. Recognize #6-10. TIme concepts still confusing

social development

friendships are important, more independent from adults, play on own or with other children, four year old= more solitary play. accepts rules

emotional development

relilzed helping others is a way of showing love, develop sense of humor, fear: start to realize the difference betweenreal and immagined, aware of more dangers, increased fear of being hurt. Anger: use words to express anger

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