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Terms in this set (66)

Traditional Conservatism - Traditional Conservatism gained it's foundings from events such as the English Civil War and the French Revolution. It's main principle is based on tradition, and the retaining of traditions that have stood the test of time and therefore, in the eyes of conservatives, clearly work, such as the Lords and the Monarchy. This is against Liberalist beliefs, as Liberals are not afraid of abandoning tradition. In addition, while Liberals would endorse sudden "revolutions", Conservatives believe sudden changes on society could only make it weaker or even destroy it, and thus it is better to introduce change gradually (Organic Society).

Social Darwinism - Social Darwinist theory is based around the concept of "survival of the fittest". In particular, Social Darwinists believe that those who can most contribute to society, should see their wealth and power increase, whilst those that can't contribute would be better off dead, and thus their wealth and power should decrease: those such as Herbert Spencer believed that those who were unable or unwilling should fall by the wayside. This is opposed to the liberalist views of equality for all and individual liberty, which Liberals are technically meant to support for all people, including slackers.

Fascism - Fascism revolves around an authoritarian regime with no personal freedoms, which cannot be challenged, and is usually led by a single leader, whom in most cases is a dictator. This is against individual liberty and limited government, two fundamental liberalist principles.

Communism - Communists believe in equality for all, but to the extent where there is no private property, and all land, wealth and profits are in the ownership of the state itself, rather than by individuals. This is therefore against the classical liberalist principle of Laissez-faire.

Neo-Liberalism - Neo Liberalism refers to a resurgence in the principles of laissez-faire free market economics associated with classical liberalism (non interference by the government). This is against the principles of social liberalism, who believe that laissez-faire and a control-free market harms the poor, as it results in society becoming more and more unequal. Neo-Liberalism is most widely associated with the administrations of UK Prime Minister Margret Thatcher and her "political soulmate" US President Ronald Reagan, Thatcher's policies for example included disengagement, deregulation, and privatisation.