58 terms

Medieval Europe

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Terms in this set (...)

apprentice
an unpaid person trading in a certain craft or trade
chivalry
code of honorable conduct for knights
crusades
military expeditions launched by European Christians to win back the Holy Land
manor
a large estate often with a farm and village that was ruled by a lord
middle ages
the years between ancient and modern times
model parliament
council of lords, clergy and common people that advised english kings on government matters
nation
community of people that share territory and government
pilgrim
person who journeys to a sacred place
troubadour
traveling poet and musician of the middle ages such as courtly love
clergy
person with power to preform religious services
knight
a man who got land and honor in exchange for a lord as a soilder
magna carta
also known as the great charter in which a king's power over his nobels was limited by king john of england
medieval
referring to the middle ages
serf
a peasant living on a manor who is concidered tied to the land
the feudal system
land was owned by lords and kings, but held by the vassals in return for loyalty
each person was loyal to those who
owned land or had more land and wealth than others
what was a lords main duty toward the people who pledged loyalty to him
treat vassals with honor and protect their vassals, lands and families
how were peasants able to improve their standard of living
fighting in crusades, farming the lord's feilds, staying on the manor for a long time, and moving to different towns
what was the largest and most powerful religion in western europe
roman catholic
what was one problem medieval cities faced
western europe divided into many small kingdoms making them vulnerable to viking attacks
why is the holy land important
pilgrims wanted to experience the land jesus lived and where he was once taught
why did christians fight the muslim turks
to win back the holy land and wanted control of trade routes
what was a reason or event that helped trade to grow in the middle ages
the crusades because the crusaders brought home many goods and made it a demand in europe
who fought in the hundreds years war
england and france
for what did peasants need their lord's permission to do
get married or to leave the manor
what is a reason why the church was so powerful during medieval times
the church was the single largest owner of land in england, collected taxes, set up courts, had religious, economic and political powers too
what happened to the peasants who escaped to a city and lived there for a year and a day
they became free
how was life in the towns different from life on a manor
manors had to be self-sufficient and towns werent
what was a constant source of arguing between kings and popes
electing bishops
as feudalism weakened, what was one way kings could gain power
kings supported the towns and taxed them and had a great relationship with them, and later on the fiefs got attacked and were no more
when were the middle ages
between ancient or modern times
who was charlemagne
king of the franks
what is a fief
land given in exchange for loyalty
what did noblewomen do in a feudal society
managed the household
during the middle ages, kings and popes fought over who should pick church officials called
bishops
as the feudal system began to decline, so did the power of the
nobles
one of the ways in which kings became more powerful was that they hired armies with money paid by townspeople for
protection
the church was so powerful it became known as
the church
as large areas of europe became united under a single king, these larger kingdoms began to turn into
nations
in 1066 a duke from france named william of normandy conquered england in what came to be known as
the norman conquest
king john of england was unpopular becuause
he heavily taxed people and jailed his enemies whenever he wished which led to the magna carta
england won most of the battles until a peasant girl named Joan of Arch
took charge of the french forces
the code of honorable conduct that knights were supposed to live by
chivalry
in order to learn a craft, a boy became an
apprentice
a medieval organization of craftsmen was called a
guild
monastacism was the process of
joining a religious community such as a monestary or convent
troubadours sang about
the deeds of knights to win the love of a beautiful woman
the church dominated
a medieval town
by living good lives, the roman catholics hoped to
enjoy the rewards of heaven
some economic powers of the church included
collecting taxes
who organized trade in medieval cities and towns
guilds
as trade grew, medieval cities became
overcrowded and unsanitary
a served a lord as a soldier
knight
the period in europe between 500 and 1500 is the
middle ages
charlemagne was one of the great kings during the times
medieval
under lords and kings owned the land
feudalism
a lords was a large, self sufficient estate
manor
a worked on a manor
serf