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Absolutism in Spain & France
Modern World History Chapter 5; Sections 1 & 2
Terms in this set (22)
The complete control to your boundaries by monarchs, occured in Spain, France, England, Austria, Prussia, & Russia in the 1500s - 1700s caused by mercantilism
(Charles Hapsburg the 5th)
Holy Roman Emperor, Very catholic, sign the peace of Augsburg, in 1556 split his empire between his brother & son.
Peace of Augsburg
Allowed princes to pick religion in parts of the Holy Roman Empire
Son of Charles V. Got Spain, Netherlands, & American-Spanish Colonies. Shy, serious, very catholic, hard working, deeply suspicious, aggressive, untrusting. Added Portugal & it's colonies to Spain's Empire.
The belief that wealth = power. This caused huge amounts of gold and silver being brought to Europe.
Very powerful navy. Spanish Army of 50,000 standing soldiers
A Spanish palace built by Philip II to show his power/status. To pay for this he made taxes go up.
Golden Age of Art and Literature
1500-1700 monarchs and nobles became patrons because it shows status. Catholic Faith & Spanish Monarchy were the main focuses.
His art puzzled peope. He used bright colors, distorted human figures, & lots of symbolism. Showed deep Catholic Faith in paintings
Painted the royal family and court life. He showed importance of the monarchy
Miguel de Cervantes
Author of the novel Don Quixote.
Drama in France
King Henry II died in 1559 & his wife had to rule.
Catholics & Hugenots (Protestants) had religious wars for 36 years.
France was extremely messed up. Economy down, people scared.
St. Bartholomeu's Day
Catholics vs. Hugenots massacre in Paris during 1572.
Royal family did nothing about this.
After 6 weeks this went nationwide, 1000s of Hugenots killed.
Henry Navarre IV
Married into throne.
Issued Edict of Nantes
Successfully rebuilt France economy
Catholic fanatic stabs him in neck and kills him.
Edict of Nantes
Permitted Hugenots to set up houses of worship in French cites
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