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Terms in this set (17)
Due process balances the power of law of the land and protects the individual person from it.
the legal requirement that the state must respect all legal rights that are owed to a person
Fair legality and procedure
Consent of governed
In the US people add their consent by voting.
Power comes from the people through voting (people must consent to what takes place in govt.)
Checks and balances
The branches check and balance eachother.
No one branch is more powerful than the other, each branch has power over the others.
Judiciary, Legeslative and executive branches all have some power over eachother
Federalism divides power btwn. the national and state govt.
A system that divides power btwn. the national and state govenrments.
The US has federalism in its government
Sometimes referendum allows the people to have a say.
a general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision
With equal protection everyone has equal rights no matter who they are.
People are entitled to the same protection of the law regardless of race, sex, religion or origin etc.
Individual rights and freedoms
Individual rights and freedoms allows people to have rights that the government can't impose on.
Everyone has rights that can't be taken away by the govt.
Freedom of speech
The judical review allows the judicial branch to have some power over the executive branch.
The ability of federal courts (supreme court) to over turn a law because it is unconstitutional
Overturning a law in the consitution
Limited govenrment ensures there is no monarchy.
Government power is limited (not absolute)
3 branches, Federal and State govt.
Majority rule ensures there is no group overruling others unfairly.
Greater number of citizens make decisions but must protect minority rights.
When a law is being voted on or the president is being elected, the majority rule usually wins
Popular sovereignty allows the people to be able to form a new govt.
Power of the govt. lies within the people
People have the power to change the govt.
Rule of law
Rule of law allows people to follow the law no matter what your occupation is or who you are.
Rules and laws apply to everyone including those in the government.
Presidents can't break the law without there be consequences
Separation of powers
Seperation of powers allows limited power to the govt.
Govt. Is divided into 3 branches
The three branches of govt. (Legislative,Judicial and Executive)
There was disparity among the US govt. And Englands govt.
A great difference
Englands govt. And the United states govt.
Ammendments allow written documents to stay up to date with a nations needs.
A change to the consitution
The constitution has been ammended 27 times.
Bill of rights
The bill of rights was proposed by the anti-federalists to ensure the govt. Couldnt take away citizens rights.
A bill stating the rights of the citizens and people of a country
The US bill of rights are stated in the Constitution
Two of the judges dissented from the majority decision.
hold or express opinions that are at variance with those previously, commonly, or officially expressed
Federalists going against the Articles of Confederation
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