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Sociology Test 2

STUDY
PLAY
. Mrs. Butler is a 4th grade teacher. She has been teaching for 32 years and now has Robert Price Jr. in her class. Mrs. Butler remembers when she had his father, Robert Price Sr., in her class 25 years ago. Mrs. Butler believes that Robert Jr. will be a problem student, just as his father Robert Sr. was. She thinks that unruly behavior is genetic. Mrs. Butler supports the _____________ theory.
A. Nature
Rodney is 37 years old and he is engaged to Bridgette who is 32 years old. The two are taking a pre-marital class to help prepare them for the roles of husband and wife that they will take on when they get married. This is an example of:
C. Secondary Socialization
Affirmative Action is a program that was adopted by the government to correct problems created by discrimination against minorities. As such, affirmative action is an example of:
C. Social Policy
Stevie thinks that people are the way they are because of their environment. Stevie supports ______________ theory.
A. Socialization
Hezekiah is being released from prison after serving a 22 year sentence. Hezekiah needs to learn new values, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors in order to survive in the outside world. At the same time, he needs to abandon values, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors that were appropriate in the penitentiary. Hezekiah needs to experience:
A. Resocialization
Rachel works at a nursery and is faced with a moral dilemma. Mrs. Wilkinson is late picking up her child on a regular basis. The nursery rules state that the school has to charge parents $1.00 for every minute that they are late. However, Rachel knows that Mrs. Wilkinson is a low-income, single parent who cannot afford the late charges. Gilligan suggests that because Rachel is female, she will resolve this dilemma using the:
B. Morality of Care
According to the theory of the looking-glass self, Carlo is in the first stage of developing his 'self'. Carlo is:
B. Imagining how his behaviors look to others
Amelia is in a mental institution. There, she is isolated from outside influences so that she can be reformed and controlled. The mental institution is a:
D. Total Institution
The students at Washington High are gearing up for the student body elections. By participating in such elections, the teens are learning lessons about the importance of voting and representation. This is an example of the:
C. Hidden Curriculum
Twyla is a 4 year old preschooler. Her mother constantly yells at her and rarely offers encouragement. According to Erikson's eight stages of development, Twyla is at risk for developing:
C. Guilt
In her award acceptance speck, Roseanne thanked the many different people and groups that shaped her beliefs, behavior, and self-concept. She acknowledged:
C. Agents Socialization
Children at the elementary school are taught to place their right hand over their heart during the recitation of the pledge of allegiance. In this vein, the children are being taught the norms and values of the U.S. This is an example of:
B. Primary Socialization
Mrs. Nightingale is 76 years old. She fears death and wishes that she could relive her life. She would certainly make different choices if given another opportunity. According to Erikson's eight stages of development, Mrs. Nightingale is in the _________ stage.
A. Integrity vs. Despair
Little Billy is 7 years old. He would prefer to play his video game instead of doing his homework, but he knows that if he does so his father will spank him. From Little Billy's perspective, playing the video game s wrong because it will lead to pain. According to Kohlberg's theory of moral development, Little Billy is in the __________________ stage.
C. Preconventional
The Madisons set a 10:00 pm curfew for their daughter Bethany, but Bethany wants to stay out until 11:00 pm. The Madisons listen to their daughter's input about how she has matured since the curfew was first established, but the parents still enforce the 10:00 curfew. This is an example of the ______________________ style of parenting.
A. Authoritative
Eddie is 5 years old. His ability to speak is growing rapidly. According to cognitive development theory, Eddie is in the _________________ stage.
C. Properational
According to Erik Erikson, the positive or negative resolution of each __________ that a person experiences will impact his/her ability to master future stages of development.
C. Psycho-social Crisis
The Lawson child is 22 months old. Whenever someone waves at her and says bye-bye, she waves back at them and repeats the words bye-bye. The Lawson child is in the stage when children copy the behaviors of those around them. This is the ____________ stage.
B. Imitation
Mrs. Keck is a first grade teacher. She likes to meet with all of the students' parents on the first day of class to get an idea about the environment that her students live in. Mrs. Keck believes that the environments of the students' home environment influences the way that they think, feel, and behave. Mrs. Keck supports the ______________ theory:
A. Nurture
Lauren's research focuses on older women's ability to think and reason. Lauren is researching:
B. Cognitive Development
Little Annie believes that using curse words are bad because her Daddy says that they are bad. According to Kohlberg's theory of moral development, Little Annie is in the __________________ level.
C. Conventional
Zhongping's research focuses on how those who have wealth and power are socialized differently from those who do not have wealth and power. Zhongping's research supports the __________ perspective.
C. Conflict
The _____________ self is concerned with pleasing oneself.
A. I
Timmy is 8 years old and spends the day with his grandfather. When his grandfather loses his favorite rabbit's foot in the pond, Timmy is able to imagine the grief and disappointment that his grandfather is feeling. According to cognitive development theory, Timmy is in the ______________ stage.
C. Concrete Operational
According to Erikson, when all of the infant's needs are met, ______________________ develops.
C. Trust
The nature vs. nurture debate refers to a disagreement on the cause of behavior between social scientists and:
B. Biologists
Louise is a working-class mother. Helen is a middle-class mother. According to research, which of the following is most likely to happen:
A. Louise will focus more on her children's obedience to authority
Genie was a socially isolated child who lacked the skills to function effectively in society. As such, Genie was:
C. Feral
The Smith baby is 11 months old. Whenever her parents allow her to roam around the house in her walker, she grabs whatever she can and places the item into her mouth. According to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, the Smith baby is in the ______________ stage.
C. Sensorimotor
At the maximum security prison, all inmates must submit to a body cavity search, in which officers inspect every opening of the inmate's body for contraband. According to symbolic interactionists, this process is required to:
*Degrade the new inmates
*Facilitate Resocialization
*Control the Inmate
(D.)
When asked what magazines and newspapers she reads, Governor Sarah Palin stated that she reads the New York Times and The Economist. These are examples of:
C. Mass Media
Tina imagines how her parents will respond to her failing grades, interprets their screaming as a sign of disappointment, and develops a low self-concept. This process of reflection in developing the self is explained by the _____________________ theory.
D. Looking-Glass Self
Maggie tells her 15 year old daughter Karen that women should express their femininity by wearing make-up, keeping a clean house, and offering a gentle demeanor to others. This is an example of:
B. Gender Socialization
The Jeffersons provide a high level of support to their sons, but do not consistently enforce the rules. As such, the Jefferson have a(n) _________________ parenting style.
B. Permissive
Martha is a middle-aged woman who hopes to make a difference in the world. According to Erikson's eights stages of development, Martha is in the _________ stage.
B. Generativity vs. Stagnation
Lola understands abstract mathematical principles. According to cognitive development theory, Lola is in the ________________ stage.
A. Formal Operational
Janki is Hindu. Her religion teaches that premarital sex is wrong. Janki uses her religious beliefs to guide her decisions. According to Kohlberg's theory of moral development, Janki is in the ________________ stage.
C. Postconventional
Demetrius is able to see his parents in a way that he never has before. He now understands that his mother has expectations and demands placed on her as a parent, wife, and secretary. According to George Herbert Mead, Demetrius is in the _______ stage.
B. Game
The _____________ self is concerned with obtaining favorable feedback from others.
B. Me
Nina is three years old. Nina likes to pretend to be her mother. She dresses up like her mother, and acts like she is cooking and supervising the children. According to George Herbert Mead, Nina is in the _______________________ stage.
C. Play
Learning that a red light means stop, a yellow light means approach with caution, and a green light means go is an example of:
A. Socialization
Terry is in elementary school. She is doing well in school and making new friends. According to Erikson's eights stages of development, Terry is in the __________________ stage.
C. Industry vs. Inferiority
Kirk and Carol are discussing their son and their daughter. They say that they want their son to grow up to be an independent and aggressive provider and they want their daughter to grow up to be a beautiful and passive nurturer. These parents are discussing their children's:
B. Gender
Mary and Luis Canova are strict disciplinarians. They expect absolute obedience from their children. Even more, the couple rarely expresses love and affection to their children. This is an example of the _________________ style of parenting.
C. Authoritarian
According to the theory of the looking-glass self, Richard is in the 2nd stage of developing his 'self'. Richard is:
A. Interpreting others' reactions to his behavior
Humans need other humans to develop normally.
A. True
Erik Erikson suggested that humans develop a personality in 12 stages.
B. False
Socialization is a never-ending process.
A. True
Boys advance through stages of moral development faster than girls.
B. False
Female participation in high school athletics increased 800% under Title IX.
A. True
Religious teens are less likely than non-religious teens to be delinquent.
A. True
Disciplining children is a cultural universal.
A. True
Children think like adults.
B. False
All total institutions are involuntary.
B. False
Primary socialization occurs during childhood.
A. True
1. After graduating from college, Donald landed a job at Microsoft that pays $93,000 per year. In this example, Microsoft is a(n):
d. Utilitarian Organization
2. Regina manages a day spa. She has developed personal relationships with all of the people that she supervises. She acknowledges their birthdays, encourages them when they are down, and rewards them for a job well done. Regina's employees truly enjoy her company and they follow her because they want to. This makes Regina a ______ leader.
c. Permission
3. When Christy entered high school, she noticed that most of her female classmates wore lipstick. Christy bought some lipstick and started wearing it so that she could fit in with the other young ladies. This is an example of:
a. Conformity
4. This is Katrina's first week on her new job at Jiffy Lube. She has had the opportunity to work with both of the shop managers. She notices that the morning manager assigns tasks to the employees without asking what they would prefer to do, while the evening manager asks for employee input in assigning the tasks. The morning manager has a(n) ______ leadership style, while the evening manager has a(n) _______ leadership style.
d. Autocratic, Democratic
5. Angelo is career criminal. He has been sentenced to serve the next 23 years in prison. Because Angelo is forced to go to prison against his own wishes, the prison represents a:
d. Coercive Organization
6. The Board of Trustees is made up of 15 members. Together, they oversee the State University. The board adopts rules, regulations, and policies for 27,000 students and 6,000 faculty and members. This small group's control of the university represents:
b. Concentration of Power
7. Destiny's Child is a musical group made up of three vocalists. The three members make up a:
d. Triad
8. The Middle Eastern Student Association was formed last semester on campus. When forming the group, the student organizers adopted by-laws, or rules and regulations to govern the group's activities. This reflects:
a. Formal Structure
9. Under the influence of groupthink, the boys at Ridgemont High decided to make a statement against the school uniform by wearing skirts on the first day of class. The fact that the entire group ignored the warnings that they would be suspended if they were not in uniform is an example of:
c. Collective Rationalization
10. Vilma works at the hospital as a certified nursing assistant. She does not like her boss Tyrone. Nevertheless, Vilma follows Tyrone's orders because Tyrone is her boss and has the title of supervising nurse. This mean's that Tyrone is a ______ leader.
d. Positional
11. Renee is a business consultant. She advises managers on how to increase productivity. Recently, Renee advised construction site managers that they should adopt the _______ leadership style if they aim to increase productivity.
a. Democratic
12. Brad was born in poverty. However, he is highly motivated and values education. Brad's motivation and values are a part of his:
c. Social Capital
13. The Gator fans at the University of Florida believe that their team is better than the Volunteers at the University of Tennessee. This reflects:
a. In-Group Bias
14. Chuiya believes that when ex-cons are released from prison, they must be provided with a new set of skills to be successful in society. As such, Chuiya volunteers at the Reichert Rehabilitation Center teaching ex-cons how to develop resumes and interview for jobs. For Chuiya, the Reichert Rehabilitation Center is an example of a:
d. Normative Organization
15. The Simmons family is planning their annual family reunion. Parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, and siblings will meet on Cape Cod to celebrate their intimate and long lasting relationships. The Simmons family is an example of a(n):
a. Primary Group
16. Shakira owns the local bookstore and has seven employees. Shakira always asks her employees for their opinions before adopting a new policy. Shakira is a(n):
c. Democratic Leader
17. There are 14 members of the medical platoon stationed on the army base. These health care workers, who interact with one another and share a common identity, make up a:
b. Social Group
18. Rachel just signed up to join the soccer team. She has just formed a(n):
c. Voluntary Association
19.Giselle works at the public library. Her friend sees her there and asks, "Giselle, can you get me a job here?" Giselle replies, "You must go through the Human Resources Office to fill out an application and pass a series of tests in order to qualify for a position here." The fact that hiring is based on a worker's ability to perform a task reflects which characteristic of bureaucracy?
d. Technical Qualifications
20. Latoya likes to use Facebook, but her sister Shante likes to use MySpace. Both of these applications help the sisters maintain the ties that they have with others. As such, Facebook and Myspace help with:
b. Social Networks
21. In 1904, Mary McLeod Bethune founded the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls to provide black women with an opportunity to earn a college degree. The school is an example of a:
b. Formal Organization
22. The local bank recently installed five Automatic Teller Machines (Skill: ATM's) around town and fired two bank tellers. By taking these actions, the bank has been able to save money and customers have been given the convenience of conducting their business with the bank after hours. This is an example of:
a. Formal Rationality
23. At the advertising agency, decision-making power flows downward. The partners make the rules and pass them on to the junior partners, who then pass them down to the ad executives, who then pass them on to the administrative assistants. This reflects which characteristic of bureaucracy?
c. Hierarchy of Authority
24. Marsha thinks that she is fat although she weighs only 102 pounds and is 5 feet 7 inches tall. When her therapist asks Marsha what makes her think she is overweight, Marsha says that she is bigger than all of the supermodels that she sees on television and in fashion magazines. Because Marsha is comparing herself to the supermodels, they represent her:
b. Reference Group
25. At Big Al's restaurant, the hostess seats the customer, the waitress takes and serves the order, the cook prepares the food, the bus boy cleans the table, and the cashier collects the payment. These clearly defined roles and expectations reflect:
c. Division of Labor
26. The vice-president of Student Government received several anonymous notes from students who were discontent with the new budget. However, the vice-president did not share this information with the President. The vice-president wanted to protect the leader from views that contradicted the administration's position. This reflects which shortcoming of groupthink?
c. Self-Appointed Mind Guards
27. Students in the college town refer to the local residents as "Townies." The students feel disconnected from the Townies and often hold negative views towards them. From the students viewpoint, the Townies are a(n):
b. Out-Group
28. Beyonce wants to launch a new musical group. She wants to know how many members she should have in the group to ensure that the group stays together. She asks you how many people are in the most stable group. You correctly tell her:
a. Two people
29. The Science Club has an elected president, vice-president, treasurer, and secretary. This represents:
c. Formal Structure
30. The School Board Members in Gadsden County met today to vote on changing the dress code to allow students more variation in the school uniform. The board members voted against the proposal without discussing the potential benefits of such a change. Each member just conformed to what they believed was the consensus of the group. Because there was no objective thought in their decision, this reflects:
a. Groupthink
31. Every McDonald's employee is expected to treat each the customer the exact same way. When a customer approaches the counter, the employee is supposed to smile and say, "Welcome to McDonald's. May I please take your order?" The idea that all customers are treated the same way reflects which characteristic of bureaucracy?
d. Impersonality
32. Every McDonald's employee is expected to treat each the customer the exact same way. When a customer approaches the counter, the employee is supposed to smile and say, "Welcome to McDonald's. May I please take your order?" The idea that all customers are treated the same way reflects which characteristic of bureaucracy?
b. Production
33. Participation in voluntary organizations is:
b. Decreasing
34. When a judge ruled that Mary was a threat to herself and others, Mary was placed in the Crisis Stabilization Unit of the State Mental Hospital. Since this was against Mary's will, the State Mental Hospital represents a:
c. Coercive Organization
35. Fiona signed up to volunteer with the Voter Registration Council. The group will work together to register local high school graduates to vote in the upcoming election. This group has come together for a specific purpose and is an example of a(n):
a. Secondary Group
36. Although five men at the town meeting believed that it was wrong to deny women the right to vote, they kept their opinions to themselves and went along with the group. These men feared that they would be treated unkindly if they disagreed. This reflects which shortcoming of groupthink?
d. Self-Censorship
37. Groupthink is more likely to occur when there is:
d. Cohesiveness, an external threat, and a strong leader
38. When Jack joined the secret society of world leaders, he was told that membership was limited to 25 people, that he would be expected to develop an intimate relationship with his 24 "brothers," and that their relationship would last until death. Jack correctly concluded that the secret society of world leaders was expected to serve as a(n):
a. Primary Group
39. Fredrick is in a fraternity. He has 28 fraternity brothers on campus and he has a special friendship with each one. The friendships illustrate:
b. Informal Structure
40. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania are examining the behavioral modes that people use to influence group members. The researchers are examining:
d. Leadership Styles
41. Joanie volunteers with the Parent Teacher Association. Along with other concerned parents, Joanie tries to enhance the educational experience of the youth in her community. To Joanie, the Parent Teacher Association is an example of a(n):
c. Normative Organization
44. Ray and Sharon are the parents of twin teen-aged boys, Wendell and Kendall. Ray and Sharon make all the rules and assign all the tasks. They expect their children to do what they say without question. Ray and Sharon are:
a. Methods of Succession
45. Les Brown is a motivational speaker. He leads people by empowering them to do things that they never thought was possible. This means that Les Brown is a __________________ leader.
c. Autocratic Leaders
46. When the 11-member Board of Directors voted to cut employee health care benefits, there were 9 Board Members in favor of the cut and 2 who Board Members who did not vote. The resulting tally of 9-0 made it seem as if everyone supported the cut, when in fact all did not. This illustrates:
a. People Development
47. When Candy Lightner started the group Mothers Against Drunk Driving to eliminate driving while under the influence of alcohol, she was developing a:
b. Illusion of Unanimity
48. The high school is a formal organization that is divided into a hierarchy of different departments with the principal's office at the top, followed by the dean's office, the math, language, reading and science departments as well as the nursing office, the cafeteria, and the janitor's office. As such, the high school is a(n):
b. Formal Organization
49. When Myrna was admitted into the University, she applied for on-campus housing. She was randomly placed in a room with Tiffany. Myrna and Tiffany had a respectful roommate-relationship but after the year school year was over, they never saw one another again. This is an example of a(n):
c. Bounded Relationship
50. Rebecca works at Wal-Mart as a cashier. When she sees a customer shoplifting, Rebecca calls for security. Rebecca does not confront the thieving customer, because that is not her job. This reflects:
b. Division of Labor
51. Michelle feels very close to the Republican Party and is very loyal to the group when she votes. To Michelle, the Republican Party is a(n):
a. In-Group
52. A decision to attack a rival gang was made by the Blood Demons. Under the influence of groupthink, the Blood Demons were excessively optimistic, believing that they would win the fight. This belief that the desired outcome would occur is called:
a. Illusion of Invulnerability
53. Takaya and Okim are dating. They couple makes up a:
d. Dyad
54. Gwendolyn is a sociologist. Her research question is, "How does job satisfaction impact productivity in the workplace?" What type of theorist would ask such a question?
c. A Symbolic Interactionist
55. Harold was selected by his boss to be the shift leader at Arby's restaurant. Harold was completely happy being a crewmember and did not want to be promoted into a leadership position. During his shift, Harold often retreats to the office in the back of the restaurant, allowing the crew members to do what they want to do. Harold is a:
d. Laissez Faire Leader
56. Khalyani is aspiring to be a world-class chef. She has just been hired by the Hilton Hotel as an assistant chef. For Khalyani, the Hilton Hotel is an example of a(n):
c. Utilitarian Organization
57. The art gallery holds a monthly wine and cheese reception on the first Friday evening of every month. This is an opportunity for hip, young, professionals to meet people will similar values, beliefs, and social identities. The art gallery is helping the young professionals develop:
b. Social Networks
59. Missy has never been to a Bar Mitzvah before so she is unsure of the appropriate dress for the occasion. When she arrives, Missy checks out what the other women are wearing. She is pleased to see that most women are wearing elegant dresses like hers. The women at the party make up Missy's:
c. Reference Group
60. On New Year's Eve, thousands of people gather together in Times Square in New York City. The on-lookers wait for the ball to drop at 12:00 am and then celebrate the beginning of a new year. The people gathered are an example of a:
B. Crowd
61. Positional leaders occupy the highest level of influence.
B. False
62. Secondary groups typically involve more emotion than primary groups.
B. False
63. A weak leader increases the likelihood of groupthink.
B. False
64. Contract networks provide emotional support.
B. False
65. The style of leadership directly impacts the level of leadership.
B. False
66. Ethnocentrism is an example of in-group bias.
A. True
68. A person can change his/her leadership style.
A. True
69. Attitudes are a part of social capital.
A.True
70. All organizations have informal structures.
A. True
67. A strong leader increases the likelihood of groupthink.
A. True
58. On a recent visit to the dentist, Professor Bush learned that her dentist was looking for a new receptionist. When Professor Bush found out that her student Toussant was looking for a job, she referred Toussant to the dentist and Toussant was hired on the spot! Dr. Bush is an example of Toussant's"
a. Social Capital
1. Marquita is working on a project for her sociology class. She asks every student living in her dorm how much money they expect to make on their first job. She finds that most students expect to make between $40,000 and $80,000 per year upon graduation. Marquita concludes that most of the graduates will be:
b. Middle Class
2. Lorenzo believes that social stratification in society is inevitable. Lorenzo is a(n):
a. Functionalist
3. Roz is a 34 year old public defense attorney. She is dating Peter, a garbage collector. Roz is embarrassed about introducing Peter to her colleagues because Peter's job has a low level of respect and esteem. Roz is concerned about Peter's:
d. Prestige
4. Omar is a functionalist. He believes that the amount of pay associated with a job depends on:
b. How important the job is for society
5. Malcolm was born into a poor family. Both of his parents were also born into poor families. Even more, Malcolm's grandparents were born into poor families. This reflects:
c. Residual Poverty
6. Sita is giving a class presentation on the voting behavior of Americans. She correctly tells her classmates that people with higher incomes are:
a. More likely than people with low incomes to vote
7. Some people believe that every American should be guaranteed health care by the government. These people suggest that health care should be provide through a(n):
b. Entitlement Programs
8. Michael is a member of the working class. He tells his son that for every working class person who moves up to the middle class, there is a middle class person that moves down to the working class. Michael is teaching his son about:
c. exchange mobility
9. Brett and Katherine are newlyweds. They have moved into a moderate apartment and they do not have much furniture. Although they don't have much money, Brett wants to go out and get furniture today. He tells Katherine that they can rent-to-own furniture for $100 a week over the course of 10 years. Katherine suggests that they wait until they can buy the furniture outright, to avoid heavy interest charges. Katherine's way represents:
b. Delayed Gratification
10. Barbara earns minimum wage and lives paycheck to paycheck. She has 3 dependent children and is below the government's poverty line. Barbara is a part of the:
c. Lower Class
11. Wanda is moving to Japan to teach English classes to children. Because she will be out of the country for five years, Wanda wants to sell all her material possessions including a condominium, a car, furniture, and electronics. The possessions along with the money that Wanda has in the bank are valued at $330,000. This reflects Wanda's:
a. Wealth
12. Angela Bauer has a Master's of Business Administration and earns a high salary as an advertising executive. However, she is not a part of the elite class. Angela is:
c. Upper Middle Class
13. Stephanie is a welfare recipient. She receives subsidized housing and food stamps. However, Stephanie does not like to talk about it. Stephanie is using the following coping strategy to deal with negative perceptions of welfare recipients :
d. Distancing
14. Norm aims to become a wealthy man within the next ten years. He wants to know if wealthy men are more likely to be single or married. Norm asks his sociology professor and the professor replies:
a. The wealthiest people in the U.S. are married
15. Jawanna works at the school cafeteria. When most students go home for the summer months, the cafeteria temporarily downsizes the staff. Jawanna is usually out of work between May and August. This temporary state reflects:
b. Marginal Poverty
16. At the 20 year class reunion, classmates learned that Davey Chappelle had become a millionaire. Davey was the only millionaire out of his class and there was a lot of buzz at the reunion about how Davey made his fortune. Sara Hollinger, who always had a crush on Davey, tells her classmates that, "Davey, like all self-made millionaires, made it because he was smart and hardworking." Sara Hollinger supports the:
c. Meritocracy Argument
17. Levi is a physician. He has the ability to get the nurses to do what he wants them to do. He tells them what to do with the patients and when to do it. This ability to impose his will on others reflects Levi's:
a. Power
18. Which of the following is true concerning neighborhoods and social class:
d. There has been an increase in the concentration of poor people and affluent people in neighborhoods
19. Wesley's grandfather was a sharecropper, farming someone else's land. Wesley's father was a farmer who farmed his own land. Wesley owns an international dairy company that responsible for providing milk products to people all around the world. This reflects:
b. Intergenerational Mobility
20. Jenny went to college intending to meet a potential mate, not to receive a degree. She dated fourteen guys in three years. Today, Jenny will rank the fourteen young men in terms of their wealth, power, and prestige in order to determine who will make the best husband. Jenny is using a system of:
c. Social Stratification
21. Mona makes $600 per night as a private dancer. This figure represents Mona's:
b. Income
22. There is a telethon on channel 57 right now. The sponsors are asking viewers to phone in donations to feed the starving children in Haiti. These children who do not have enough food to survive are experiencing:
a. Absolute Poverty
23. Hector is interested in studying how students at his school perceive social class differences. Hector is a(n):
c. Symbolic Interactionist
24. Professor Kaegen is conducting research on the gender bias in poverty. Professor Kaegen is examining:
b. The Feminization of Poverty
25. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act:
d. All of the Above
26. Leon is giving an in-class presentation on minimum wage earners in America. Leon tells his classmates that most minimum wage earners are:
d. Over the age of 25
27. Because of the cost of medical school, poorer students are less likely to become doctors than higher status students. Which theorists would be more likely to examine how this trend impacts social stratification in the U.S.?
c. Conflict Theorists
28. Willie lives in a housing project in New York City. Willie's neighborhood is characterized by high levels of poverty, single-parent households, and male unemployment. Willie is a part of the:
c. Urban Underclass
29. Next Saturday, students from all over the country will take the standardized SAT exam. Brittany was asked by her roommate to explain how students from different neighborhoods fare. Brittany correctly reply:
c. Students from suburban areas will score higher than students from rural and urban areas
30. Zela is a very religious woman. She believes husbands are the head of the household and that wives should submit to their husbands' wills. Zela believes that husbands have been given power over women by God. From Zela's perspective, the husband's power is:
c. Delegated
31. Betty has been approved to receive Temporary Aid to Needy Families (Skill: TANF). Betty asks her caseworker how long she will receive the benefits and her caseworker tells her that she can receive TANF for _______ consecutive years.
a. 2 years
32. Jan lives in a neighborhood with a high concentration of poor people. If Jan experiences upward mobility, research predicts that she will:
b. Move out of the neighborhood
33. The transition from welfare to work usually results in:
b. Low-Paying Jobs
34. Laurie is the campaign manager for a mayoral candidate. Laurie tells the staff that they should target the voters who are a part of the largest social class in the United States. Laurie wants to target the:
c. Middle Class
35. Pauline started out at the company as a Mail Room Clerk. After two years she was promoted to the position of Administrative Assistant. After 5 years, she became the Office Manager and now she is being promoted to the position of Associate Director. Pauline has experienced:
c. Intragenerational Mobility
36. Manuel does not have the food, clothing, or shelter to survive another cold winter. Manuel is experiencing:
b. Absolute Poverty
37. In the U.S., the power elite is made up of:
d. Political Officials, Military Leaders and Corporate Leaders
38. Vera is a janitor on the night crew at the university. She will be retiring next week after 32 years of service. As Vera looks back over her life, she realizes that she is still in the same place that she was when she started her job. Although she worked hard and was fairly intelligent, she did not get ahead. Because of this, Vera disagrees with the:
a. Meritocracy Argument
39. Lola is homeless. She lives on the streets of New York City. Lola is a member of the:
c. Urban Underclass
40. Maria is a welfare recipient. She receives Section 8 housing, food stamps and cash payments. Yet Maria says, "I am different from other welfare recipients because I need the benefits to get on my feet after leaving an abusive marriage. Most of those other women are just lazy and are taking advantage of the system." Maria is using which coping strategy to deal with the society's negative perception of welfare recipients?
c. Denial
41. Many factory workers join unions because unions are able to impose the will of the employees onto the employers. As such, unions wield a great amount of:
d. Power
42. During the Great Depression in the U.S., millions of people lost their jobs and their homes because of the failure of the country's economy. This reflects:
b. Structural Mobility
43. Babacar just moved his family to the U.S. from Kenya. When asked why he moved, Babacar said that this country will offer him an opportunity to change his social class. Babacar appreciates the ________________ available in the U.S.
a. Social Mobility
44. Chas just learned that some people are paid by the hour while others earn a salary. Chas says that he wants to earn a salary. This means that wants to be a part of the:
a. Middle Class
45. Dr. Edna Garrett is a physician who owns her own home, runs her own practice, and earns about $100,000 per year. Dr. Garrett is a member of the:
c. Upper Middle Class
46. Terry lives in a shabby apartment and uses public transportation to get around. Larry owns a deluxe home and drives a brand new Mercedes. Compared to Larry, Terry is experiencing:
a. Relative Poverty
47. Professor Fuentes is teaching her students about the three components of the social stratification system. She tells them that the three components are:
b. Power, Wealth and Prestige
48. The fact that Cindy attended an exclusive prep school, belongs to exclusive social clubs, and was born into a wealthy and powerful family qualifies her for membership in the:
b. Upper Class
49. Louise was a librarian who owned a home. After her husband's death, she lost her house and turned to alcohol to ease her pain. Now, Louise is a homeless beggar on the streets of San Francisco. This reflects:
c. Vertical Mobility
The Cedar River Restaurant recently went out of business. Leanne, who was a waitress there, is now between jobs. She is putting in applications and interviewing to find a new position. In the mean time, Leanne is experiencing:
d. Transitional Poverty
51. Shawn's father does manual labor at the paper mill and his mother is a custodian at the Junior High School. Shawn comes from a(n) _________________ class family.
a. Working Class
52. Dorothy is a hair stylist working at Cuts-By-Us but she has applied for a stylist position at Super-Cuts so that she can work at a salon that is closer to her apartment. If Dorothy moves to Super-Cuts, she would be doing the same job and making the same amount of money. This reflects:
c. Horizontal Mobility
53. The concentration of poverty in a neighborhood is related to:
d. All of the Above
54. Elizabeth and Harry are divorced. Elizabeth receives $12,000 per month in alimony from her ex-husband and $6,000 per month from her job as a college professor for a total of $18,000 per month. The $18,000 per month represents Elizabeth's:
d. Income
55. In India, society is divided into 4 different groups called castes. The castes are ranked from the highest to the lowest and certain societal rewards and privileges are given to those in the higher caste, while the rewards and privileges are withheld from the lower cases. This ranking is an example of:
a. Social Stratification
56. Men are more likely than women to be poor.
b. False
57. Suburban schools receive more funding than urban schools.
a. True
57. Suburban schools receive more funding than urban schools.
a. True
59. Most African Americans live at or below the poverty line.
a. True
60. TANF allows people to receive funds for five years in their lifetime.
a. True
61. People with higher levels of education are more likely to vote.
a. True
62. The median household income in the United States is $19,178.
b. False
63. The minimum wage is a government policy.
...
64. The haves are more likely than the have-nots to talk about social stratification.
b. False
65. Most working class people attended college.
b. False
1. Today, Alvin will present a report to his class on the bottom ten income-producing countries in the world. Most of the countries that he will be discussing are located in:
...
2. Emily is the regional manager for the largest fast food chain in the world. As such, she has a great deal of power in the company. According to Weber, Emily is a(n):
...
3. Hiresh is a member of the lowest or 'untouchable' caste in India. Hiresh is a member of the ____________ caste.
...
4. Sam owns a large factory that creates toys for children. According to Karl Marx, Sam is a member of the:
...
5. Tony is conducting research on how language influences global stratification. This research is in line with:
...
6. Stacy published an article on the wealth, prestige, and power of various countries in an effort to highlight patterns of inequality around the world. Stacy's article focused on:
...
7. Millicent is a poor laborer. She works in the same industrial bakery that her mother and grandmother worked in and retired from. Millicent believes that if she works hard at the bakery, she can become rich. She has an unrealistic belief about her place in society. Millicent's view reflects:
...
8. Lucious borrowed money and could not repay what he owed, so he borrowed money from Guavo to repay the old loan. Now, Lucious is working for Guavo to pay the new loan. In the meantime, Guavo provides shelter and food for Lucious and adds these expenses on to Lucious' debt. In truth, Lucious will never be able to work enough to pay off his growing debt to Guavo. This is an example of:
...
9. The U.S. is a nation that constantly tries to expand their capitalist market, decrease costs, and increase profits. As such, Wallerstein's world system theory would suggest that the U.S. is a part of the:
...
10. Purujit is a member of the Indian caste that represents the laborers. Purujit is a part of the ____________ caste.
...
11. The largest political party in Canada is led by people who are patriotic, unified, and supportive of the status quo. According to Pareto, such leaders are:
...
12. Rachel works in a factory. She has some training that prepared her for her job on the assembly line. As such, Weber would consider Rachel a(n):
...
13. Senegal is a country that is relatively poor, with a high rate of childhood death, hunger and people living on less than one dollar a day. As such, Senegal is a(n):
...
14. Professor Graham assigns each student a country and tells them to divide the country's total gross income by the number of people in that country. This formula will produce the:
a. Per-Capita Income
15. At a recent labor union, the union leader told workers that each person must understand their position in society so that the workers could unite. This sentiment reflects:
b. Entrepreneurs
16. The Trump family is a part of the business class in the U.S. They have a great deal of money, but the members of the family have to work hard to maintain their place. Because they represent "new money", Weber would say that the Trumps are:
b. Entrepreneurs
17. Today, Sandra will present a report to her class on the top ten income-producing countries in the world. Most of the countries that she will be discussing are located in:
d. Europe
18. Marcus is a poor factory worker. According to Karl Marx, Marcus is a member of the:
d. Proletariat
19. Rajiv is a member of the Indian caste representing warriors. Rajiv is a member of the ____________ caste.
c. Kshatriya
20. Each year, the U.S. uses American tax dollars to help other nations. This social policy is called:
a. Foreign Aid
21. Mr. Brown owns a delicatessen on Main Street. Although Mr. Brown is a business owner, his wealth, prestige, and power are limited. According to Weber, Mr. Brown is a(n):
c. Petite Bourgeoisie
22. Harry is interested in the system by which nations rank and provide rewards to its members. Harry is interested in:
b. Social Stratification Systems
23. Lonnie believes that an imbalance of power between the elite and the poor leads to global stratification. Lonnie's belief is in line with:
d. Conflict Theory
24. Ghana is a nation that is rich in natural resources like gold, diamonds, and petroleum. Ghanaians hope to generate wealth through the sale of their resources to other countries. Based on this, Wallerstein's world system theory would suggest that Ghana is a part of the:
b. Periphery
25. Joe is a plumber. He holds a special position in society because he has abilities that others rely on. As such, Weber would consider Joe a(n):
c. Craftsman
26. Chebu was born into a position of power and privilege. His place in society is permanently fixed. Chebu is a member of a:
a. Caste System
27. Chad is an underdeveloped nation that has few natural resources and lacks the ability to attract investors from other countries. The country has a very limited impact on others. According to Wallerstein's world system theory, Chad is a part of the:
d. External
28. The form of slavery that was legal in the U.S. considered slaves to be the property of the slave owner. This is an example of:
d. Chattel Slavery
29. Ajay is a member of the Indian caste made up of merchants, traders, and artists. Ajay is a member of the ________________ caste.
a. Vaishya
30. Bhummi's research examines the total control over people who have no choice about their state. Bhummi's research focuses on:
c. Slavery
31. Jamaica is a poor country that borrowed funds from the United States. Unable to repay the loan, Jamaica has agreed to numerous alliances and trade agreements that benefit the United States. This process in which a powerful nation use loans and economic power to maintain control over a poor nation is called:
a. Neocolonialism
32. April believes that climate, geography, and natural resources explain global stratification. April's beliefs are in line with:
c. Functionalism
33. Japan has a well-educated population, regular elections, abundant industry, and free enterprise. As such, Japan is a(n):
a. Developed Nation
34. Jorge and Alvaro signed a legal document stating that Jorge would work for Alvaro and that Alvaro would provide food and shelter for him. Jorge would like to break the contract, but he fears that Alvaro will harm him if he tries. This is an example of which type of slavery:
c. Contract Slavery
35. The smallest political party in Mexico is led by people who are clever, rational, and against the status quo. According to Pareto, such leaders are:
d. Foxes
36. The Rockefeller family represents "old money." For the past 175 years, the Rockefellers have owned businesses and real estate that have been passed down from one generation to the next. According to Weber, the Rockefellers are:
a. Rentiers
37. In India, Nirayan is a part of the priestly, scholar class. Nirayan is a:
d. Brahman
39. Ethiopia produces many doctors, but the majority of Ethiopian-born doctors have migrated to the United States for a higher standard of living. This instance of when the best talent leaves a poor country and provides a greater advantage to a wealthy country is called:
b. Brain Drain
40. According to Karl Marx, ______________________ leads to revolution.
b. Class Consciousness
41. James is a sanitation worker. He collects garbage from the curb and throws it into a truck driven by his buddy Dan. As such, Weber would consider James a(n):
b. Unskilled Worker
42. Brazil is a developing nation which sells raw materials to other nations in an effort to keep more wealth within the country. According to Wallerstein's world system theory, Brazil is a part of the:
a. Semi-Periphery
43. Thomas is studying the wealth, power, and prestige of the world's largest country in geographic area. Thomas is studying:
b. Russia
44. All core nations eventually run out of natural resources.
a. True
45. The number of slaves in the world is decreasing.
b. False
46. The U.S. provides more than its agreed upon share to foreign aid.
b. False
47. Half of the world's population lives on less than two dollars per day.
a. True
48. Today, slaves are cheaper than in the 1800's.
a. True
49. The caste system in India is illegal.
a. True
50. The widest gaps in inequality are found within nations.
b. False
51. Europeans work fewer hours, on average, than Americans.
a. True
52. Tax burdens in the U.S. tend to be higher than in other nations.
b. False
53. A person can move up or down in a caste system.
b. False