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Conceptual Revolution

Paradigm shift
changes patterns and ways of life

Enclosure Movement

Allowed the fencing off of land in England with no religious backlash

Cottage System (Domestic System)

work is done at home, labor only done if worker wants to, industrial specializations (sell surplus if wanted)

Factory System

workers are brought together under one roof, work time is regulated with the sun
First Industry - textiles

Why England first?

aggressive entrepreneurship, advanced agriculture,migratory population (urban). coal

James Watt

invented steam engine in England


Great Britain [120 yrs] France + low countries [60 yrs] US [1790] German States [50 yrs] Japan [35 yrs]

Samuel Slater

English factory worker who builds first factory in America by memory


process of growing cities in conjunction with the Industrial Revolution

Urbanization Issues

public health, housing, public safety, crime


increase in leisure time (vacation) public enjoyment of art, organized sports, theme parks, and restaurants


concept of "national pride". outgrowth of French Revolution, tied to natural perspectives in language and culture

Eugene delacroix

artist of "Liberty Leading the People"

Zero-Sum Game

defined by a winner

Zero Non-Some Game

does not effect others (no winner)

Living Standards

gap between rich and poor widens
goes from pyramid to hourglass
hardest hit groups are women and children

Women Classes

1. get married 2. hired as housekeeper/nanny 3. work in factory 4. prostitution (quadruples in urban areas)
1/100 women die in childbirth

Working Conditions

workers at mercy of factory manager
dangerous jobs went to children

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