18 terms

Industrial Revolution Part 1

Conceptual Revolution
Paradigm shift
changes patterns and ways of life
Enclosure Movement
Allowed the fencing off of land in England with no religious backlash
Cottage System (Domestic System)
work is done at home, labor only done if worker wants to, industrial specializations (sell surplus if wanted)
Factory System
workers are brought together under one roof, work time is regulated with the sun
First Industry - textiles
Why England first?
aggressive entrepreneurship, advanced agriculture,migratory population (urban). coal
James Watt
invented steam engine in England
Great Britain [120 yrs] France + low countries [60 yrs] US [1790] German States [50 yrs] Japan [35 yrs]
Samuel Slater
English factory worker who builds first factory in America by memory
process of growing cities in conjunction with the Industrial Revolution
Urbanization Issues
public health, housing, public safety, crime
increase in leisure time (vacation) public enjoyment of art, organized sports, theme parks, and restaurants
concept of "national pride". outgrowth of French Revolution, tied to natural perspectives in language and culture
Eugene delacroix
artist of "Liberty Leading the People"
Zero-Sum Game
defined by a winner
Zero Non-Some Game
does not effect others (no winner)
Living Standards
gap between rich and poor widens
goes from pyramid to hourglass
hardest hit groups are women and children
Women Classes
1. get married 2. hired as housekeeper/nanny 3. work in factory 4. prostitution (quadruples in urban areas)
1/100 women die in childbirth
Working Conditions
workers at mercy of factory manager
dangerous jobs went to children