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The Boston Police Strike (1919)

need for higher wages, shorter hours and better working conditions

A. Mitchell Palmer

U.S Attorney General famous for leading the "Palmer Raids"

Red Summer/Race Riots (summer 1919)

Omaha: Sep. 25, 1919:
- Agnes Loebeck said she was assaulted by black man
- Suspect: Will Brown (41) police take him to court - claimed innocent
- Sep 28th he is lynched and body paraded around dt area

Chicago: Summer:
- 38 dead; 23 black 15 white
- 537 injured; 342 black
- 1,000 blacks homeless

The Red Scare

- not illegal to be communist but suspicious
- fear of communism (reds)
- attorney Gen. A Mitchell Palmer
- "The Palmer Raids" - thousands were arrested (1919-1922)
- civil liberties trampled on
- conspiracy never uncovered



The Palmer Raids

series of illegal arrests led by A. Mitchell Palmer and his followers which targeted anarchists, "Reds", and many immigrants.

Immigration Restriction League




National Origins Act of 1924

restricted the Immigration of Europeans and Asians into the U.S


- opposed all dif. ppl
- violence
- seized political control in 7 states
- march
- fear of immigration, radicalism, revolutionaries = discrimination of Bolsheviks & Catholics
- 3 mil
- leader: Hiram Wesley Evans "Imperial Wizard"

Sacco and Vanzetti

Two Italian immigrants who were unwilling martyrs in the struggle for equal justice


the period between 1920-1933
alcohol is made illegal in the US
emerged from the Temperance Movement (moderation of alcohol)

18th Amendment

Made alcohol illegal to manufacture, sell, transport etc.
- law of the land

"A Return to Normalcy"

- return to good old days before war and Wilson
- nothing big and ambitious
- nativism, prohibition, fundamentalism

Warren G. Harding

Promise: "Return to Normalcy"
- Budget and Accounting Act of 1921
- Washington Naval Conference of 1921
- Teapot Dome Scandal
remembered for Scandals

The Ohio Gang


The Washington Conference (1921)

- arms limitation arrangement 20's & 30's
- naval arms reduction between world powers
- un in-forceable
- first of kind

Budget and Accounting Act (1921)

- gave executive branch more control over congress and fed. spending
- pres. has to submit annual budget to congress

The Bonus Bill


Teapot Dome Scandal

- Albert Fall = secretary of interior
- leasing (govt land, US navy oil reserves) 2 of 3 oil savings
- Paid for it

"Keep Cool with Coolidge"


Calvin Coolidge

- "Silent Cal"
- quiet, not forceful but effective
- relied on cabinet
- wanted tight reign on fed. budget and a small gov't and big business
- didn't for see Great Depression

Herbert Hoover



- advertisement
- all americans listening to same things
- news travels faster



The Jazz Age


Louis Armstrong

famous trumpet player, regular performer at The Cotton Club

Duke Ellington

composer/performer of the Jazz Age

Heros of the 20's


Babe Ruth


Jack Dempsey


Bobby Jones


Charles Lindbergh


New Consumer Goods


Scientific Management


Assembly Line


Henry Ford


Model T




"buy now, pay later" / Buying on credit


21st Amendment

ends prohibition
- Great Depression (source of jobs)
- Election of 1932 (dem. vs prohibition, dem. pres.)


secret bars where people could buy alcoholic beverages


illegal productions and distributions of liquor

The Cotton Club



single, working, northern women who performed at speakeasies and jazz clubs
looked to eliminate social double standard by wearing risky clothing, smoking, drinking and experimenting with sexuality.

The Harlem Renaissance

- 20's & 30's
- harlem = center of artistic and religious progressive movements
- created outlet for Black expression
- education reform for blacks
- ended after Great Depression

Langston Hughes

Harlem Poet that wrote for Black equality in society

The Great Migration

- 1915-1970
- 6 mil AAs moved out of south to north
- 1910-1930 = NY, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland - 40%
- no leaders
- WWI gave them work
- "Chicago Defender" encouraged migration
- Harlem = largest black city

The Scopes Trial

- Tennessee makes teaching evolution illegal in public schools
- illegal to teach theory that denies the Story of the Divine Creations of man in Bible
- John T. Scopes = teaches evolution to HS from banned bio text book in Dayton, TN
- summer 1925
- court case, Bryan = attorney of Scopes
- science and reason vs. faith and fundamentalism


Darwin's theory that man came from a primate ancestor and evolved. Humans are categorized as mammals


alters religion to fit modern society, rejects traditional interpretations and views Bible as historic



Al Capone


St. Valentine's Day Massacre


Chicago/New York


F. Scott Fitzgerald

famous writer known for his works that reflected the Jazz Age and the feeling of the people after WWI. He was an alcoholic who lived a wild and luxurious lifestyle and was known as teh King of the Jazz Age. Wrote the Great Gatsby.


trend that becomes extremely popular by a large group of people for a period of time





Jacob Lawrence

- leading figurative artist
- harlem
- art to tell about Black history
- embraced his culture

Zora Neale Hurston

- influential Harlem Renaissance writer
- imitation of whites and traditional dialects to exploring one's own culture and backround
- "Their Eyes Were Watching God"

Negro Baseball League

- number one entertainment for blacks
- many dif. teams over country
- gave negroes a sense of importance to be able to play a sport in front of a large number of fans


- public murders
- NAACP recorded stats (not super accurate)

Rural America

people living in rural areas tended to want to kee[p to their past values and stick with the traditional view of creationism. They opposed the hanging opinions of urban areas, in which modernism and more emphasis on science was on the rise



The Automobile



on wall street and new york city by suspected anarchists


the idea that God created the earth and man. Humans had no common ancestors to primates.

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