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Red Summer/Race Riots (summer 1919)
Omaha: Sep. 25, 1919:
- Agnes Loebeck said she was assaulted by black man
- Suspect: Will Brown (41) police take him to court - claimed innocent
- Sep 28th he is lynched and body paraded around dt area
- 38 dead; 23 black 15 white
- 537 injured; 342 black
- 1,000 blacks homeless
The Red Scare
- INCREASED FEAR OF COMMUNISM
- not illegal to be communist but suspicious
- fear of communism (reds)
- attorney Gen. A Mitchell Palmer
- "The Palmer Raids" - thousands were arrested (1919-1922)
- civil liberties trampled on
- conspiracy never uncovered
The Palmer Raids
series of illegal arrests led by A. Mitchell Palmer and his followers which targeted anarchists, "Reds", and many immigrants.
The NEW KKK
- opposed all dif. ppl
- seized political control in 7 states
- fear of immigration, radicalism, revolutionaries = discrimination of Bolsheviks & Catholics
- 3 mil
- leader: Hiram Wesley Evans "Imperial Wizard"
- LARGEST SOCIAL MOVEMENT OF 20TH CENTURY
Sacco and Vanzetti
Two Italian immigrants who were unwilling martyrs in the struggle for equal justice
the period between 1920-1933
alcohol is made illegal in the US
emerged from the Temperance Movement (moderation of alcohol)
"A Return to Normalcy"
- return to good old days before war and Wilson
- nothing big and ambitious
- nativism, prohibition, fundamentalism
Warren G. Harding
Promise: "Return to Normalcy"
- Budget and Accounting Act of 1921
- Washington Naval Conference of 1921
- Teapot Dome Scandal
remembered for Scandals
The Washington Conference (1921)
- arms limitation arrangement 20's & 30's
- naval arms reduction between world powers
- un in-forceable
- first of kind
Budget and Accounting Act (1921)
- gave executive branch more control over congress and fed. spending
- pres. has to submit annual budget to congress
Teapot Dome Scandal
- Albert Fall = secretary of interior
- leasing (govt land, US navy oil reserves) 2 of 3 oil savings
- Paid for it
- "Silent Cal"
- quiet, not forceful but effective
- relied on cabinet
- wanted tight reign on fed. budget and a small gov't and big business
- didn't for see Great Depression
- Great Depression (source of jobs)
- Election of 1932 (dem. vs prohibition, dem. pres.)
single, working, northern women who performed at speakeasies and jazz clubs
looked to eliminate social double standard by wearing risky clothing, smoking, drinking and experimenting with sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance
- 20's & 30's
- harlem = center of artistic and religious progressive movements
- created outlet for Black expression
- education reform for blacks
- ended after Great Depression
The Great Migration
- 6 mil AAs moved out of south to north
- 1910-1930 = NY, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland - 40%
- no leaders
- WWI gave them work
- "Chicago Defender" encouraged migration
- Harlem = largest black city
The Scopes Trial
- Tennessee makes teaching evolution illegal in public schools
- illegal to teach theory that denies the Story of the Divine Creations of man in Bible
- John T. Scopes = teaches evolution to HS from banned bio text book in Dayton, TN
- summer 1925
- court case, Bryan = attorney of Scopes
- science and reason vs. faith and fundamentalism
Darwin's theory that man came from a primate ancestor and evolved. Humans are categorized as mammals
alters religion to fit modern society, rejects traditional interpretations and views Bible as historic
F. Scott Fitzgerald
famous writer known for his works that reflected the Jazz Age and the feeling of the people after WWI. He was an alcoholic who lived a wild and luxurious lifestyle and was known as teh King of the Jazz Age. Wrote the Great Gatsby.
- leading figurative artist
- art to tell about Black history
- embraced his culture
Zora Neale Hurston
- influential Harlem Renaissance writer
- imitation of whites and traditional dialects to exploring one's own culture and backround
- "Their Eyes Were Watching God"
Negro Baseball League
- number one entertainment for blacks
- many dif. teams over country
- gave negroes a sense of importance to be able to play a sport in front of a large number of fans
people living in rural areas tended to want to kee[p to their past values and stick with the traditional view of creationism. They opposed the hanging opinions of urban areas, in which modernism and more emphasis on science was on the rise
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