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vocab on the finals study guide for Ms. Maloney's Class. please note that with some of these terms, the definition doesn't necessarily cover everything that has to be known about the term. please remember to look in your book for more information chapters 10-18 of the study guide can be found here: special thanks to Lily Qi for making the chapters 10-18 quizlet


the land bridge connecting Asia and North America


the keeping of slaves as a practice or institution


large estates where a single crop that requires a large labor force is grown for profit

Bill of Rights

a list of the rights and freedoms guaranteed to the people; first 10 amendments to the constitution; there were originally 12 of these, but only 10 were ratified

Judicial Branch

a system of courts to interpret the meaning of laws; the supreme court

Tea Act

a tax the English placed on tea that were shipped to their colonies


changes, as in changes to the constitution


the economic idea that a nation becomes strong by filling its treasury with gold and silver


plan of government


people that were against British rule of the colonies


people that were loyal to the British throne


a society in which a high level of art, technology, and government exists

Legislative Branch

the branch of government that makes the laws; Congress

Executive Branch

the branch of government that carries out the laws; the president and his cabinet


the way of life of a group of people, including arts, beliefs, inventions, traditions, and language


products brought in from another country to be sold




settlement made by a group of people in a distant place that remains under the control of their home country

Declaration of Independence

document written when the colonists declared their independence from Britain


products sent out of one country to sell in another

Stamp Act

tax that the English placed on paper products that were sold in their colonies

Intolerable Acts

the name Americans gave to the series of laws passed to punish Massachusetts after the Boston Tea Party; they were called the Coercive Acts in Britain

French and Indian War

the war fought between Britain and France on American soil; established Britain as the main power on the continent

Articles of Confederation

America's first try at creating a national government; this plan was approved by all states in 1781

conflicts between natives and settlers

this caused arguments and battles with natives in the area

American Revolution

war fought from 1775 to 1781 between the Americans and the British; the war for independence

Revolutionary War Debts

debts caused by the war for independence; paid back when Hamilton was Secretary of the Treasury

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