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35 terms

6th grade ss ch 5 sec 2

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who brought hinduism into india
a group of nomadic people
who were the aryans
nomads originally from asia that speak indo-european dialect
what were the indo-eurpean people like
lived in clans, hearded cattle, sheep and goats
how did the indo-europeans fight
warriors rode horse driven chariots, weapons were long bows and arrowa and bronze axes
when were the indo-europeans driven out
2000bc
Where did the aryans migrate
india
what were the aryans people like
herers who lived simple lives, not city dwellers
whjat language did the aryans speak
sanskrit
did the aryans conquer the harappans
no it was probably earthquakes or floods`
who was living in india when the aryans arrived
dravidians
what two cultures blended in india
aryans tought city life and dravidians tought religion and language
what was the aryan social structure
society was organized into caste system
what was a caste system
people were born into a certain caste that was associated with different jobs
in order list people of the caste system
brahams, ksatriya, vaisya, and sudra
who were brahmans
priests and teachers
who were kskatriya
rulers, nobles, warriors
who were the vaisya
bankers, farmers, merchants
who were sudra
artisans and laborers
who were the untouchables
considered below all other groups and did the jobs no one wanted to do
brahmanism
aryan religion worshiping nature dieties and sacrificed animals to dietes over sacred fire
vedas
anchient sanskrit texts containing aryan religion and hymes and 4 collections of prayers and instructions for rituals
how did the indians beliefs change
began to believe theat all dieties were the expression of one diety
mahabharata
epic poems that retells many anchient indian legends
bhagavad gita
telld the story of a warrior, prince arjuna who does not want to fight his friends. krishata tells him he must fight
what did hinduism develope from
brahmanism
who did hinduism worship`
MANY DIETIES WHO ARE PARTS OF ONE GOD or life force
who are the most important dieties in himduism
brahana-creator
vishnu-protector
shiva-destroyer
what is the hinduism belief
reincarnation where people have many lives
karma
what he or she does in life determines what he or she will be in next life
reincarnation
creates a repeating cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth
when does the reincarnation cycle end
when a person achieves a union with god and they realize that their soul is one with gods
how do hindus believe they get to god
follow their path and carry out their assigned duties faithfully. they also meditate to calm mind and do yoga
aryans
group of indo-europeans who are believed to have migrated to the indian subcontinent
dialect
varieties of language spoken in different regions or countries
migtration
process of relocating to an area