14 terms

ch10 Gastrointestinal (patient care II)

When the patient has a possible perforation of the GI mucosa
Under which circumstance is barium not the contrast agent of choice?
Barium is relatively nontoxic contrast agent; therefore, no special precautions need to be taken.
1000 mL
The amount of solution prescribed for a saline or SS cleansing enema before barium studies of the lower GI tract is usually
Castile soap
The only safe soap to use for a cleansing enema is
When upper and lower GI series are scheduled, as the radiographer you must schedule the upper GI series first
Description of the appearance of the stools, instruction to call the physician if the patient doesn't have a bowel movement within 24 hrs, need for increased fluid intake and fiber in the diet if not contraindicated
After a barium study, you must instruct the patient in follow-up care. These instructions include
The grieving process
You must recognize that the patient with an ostomy has suffered a change in body image and may be going through
A saline enema
The type of cleansing enema prescribed for a pediatric patient would probably be
A sigmoidostomy
If the patient has the large bowel removed at the sigmoid area and the opening is made on the anterior surface of the abdomen, the patient is said to have:
A double-contrast study
When both barium and air are used in a radiographic procedure of the GI system, it is termed
List the differentiate the two types of contrast agents
Negative and positive; Negative is decreases organ density and produces contrast ( carbon dioxide and air), Positive increase organ density and improve radiographic visualization ( barium sulfate iodinated preparations)
Before removing the retention style enema tip, what is the most important thing to remember?
Make sure the cuff is deflated.
Name the side effect that can occur after a barium enema procedure.
Constipation is a common side effect of barium enemas.
List five preparation criteria that must be included when instructing a patient who is to receive an upper GI series.
Remain on a low residue diet for 2 to 3 days, fast for 8 hours before the examination, do not smoke or chew gum this may increase gastric secretion, no meds for 8 hours before examination, Schedule exam in the morning for this may take several hours.