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81 terms

Pharmacology Chapter 20 -23

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Any substance yielding hydroxide ions. Has a pH of <7.
ALKALINE SUBSTANCE
Any substance with a hydrogen ion that is released and reacts with metal. Has a pH of >7.
ACIDIC SUBSTANCE
Compound that contains carbon.
ORGANIC COMPOUND
Compound that does NOT contain carbon.
INORGANIC COMPOUND
Alternative medicine that has been proved effective by scientific research.
COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE
Remedies for illnesses passed down from generation to generation.
FOLK MEDICINE
A substance with a hydrogen ion that is released in a solution and reacts with metals to form a salt or is a solution which has a pH below 7.
ACID
An inorganic solid substance which is usually a component of the Earth's crust
MINERAL
Lack of Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
PELLAGRA
Causes skin eruptions, stomatitis, GI disturbances, and seizures as a result of poor diet, alcoholism, or any other disease which impairs nutrition (commonly seen in a corn maize diet)
PELLAGRA
A liquid in which substance are dissolved
SOLVENT
Substance dissolved in a solution or body fluids
SOLUTE
Chemical compound resulting from the interaction and a base of NaCl
SALT
Organic substance necessary in trace amount for normal growth, development, metabolism, and for the release of energy from food.
VITAMIN
Aids with eyesight and visual adaptation to light, also needed for functional integrity of skin, mucous membranes, and normal growth of teeth and bones.
VITAMIN A
What vitamin helps the absorption of calcium
VITAMIN D
What vitamin is an Antioxidant, and protects RBCs from hemolysis
VITAMIN E
what vitamin synthesis of blood clotting factor.
VITAMIN K
The vitamin which is highly teratogenic in large doses.
VITAMIN A
The vitamin which require sunlight to be effective.
VITAMIN D
Deficiency in the vitamin leads to rickets.
VITAMIN D
Another term for Vitamin A (remember, a deficiency leads to night blindness)
RETINOL
Water Soluble Vitamins
B1, B3, B9, B12, and C
Fat Soluble Vitamins
A, D, E, and K
Herb used to treat respiratory tract infection
ECHINACEA
Herb used for Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
SAW PALMETTO
Herb used or Nausea and Vomiting
GINGER
Herb used for digestive, lowers cholesterol, decreases Blood Pressure
GARLIC
Herb used to Enhances memory
GINGKO
Herbs that helps with migraines
FEVERFEW
Herbs that helps with depression
ST JOHNS WART
Plant that helps with Burns and insect bites
ALOE
Herb that helps to Boost energy, increase circulation.
CAYENNE
Is thought to hide illicit drugs, and help with diarrhea.
GOLDEN SEEAL
Herbs that helps with fatigue, stress, depression
GINSENG
Herbs that helps hyperglycemia and is antioxidant
CINNAMON
Electrolytes are....
1. Potassium
2. Chloride
3. Iron
4. Calcium
5. Fluoride
6. Zinc
7. Phosphorous
8. Sodium
An electrolyte that is Intracellular fluid (Circle K)
POTASSIUM
An electrolyte that is a component of gastric acid (HCL hydrochloric acid)
CHLORIDE
An electrolyte component of blood hemoglobin
IRON
An electrolyte that helps builds Bone formation and heart muscle muscle function
CALCIUM
An electrolyte that protects against dental caries/cavities
FLUORIDE
An electrolyte component of DNA/RNA and needed for taste/smell
ZINC
An electrolyte For cellular energy (ATP)
PHOSPHOROUS
Originates outside of an organ
EXOGENOUS
Originates within a cell or organ
ENDOGENOUS
Enlargement of thyroid gland
GOITER
Increased blood sugar
HYPERGLYCEMIA
Decreased blood sugar
HYPOGLYCEMIA
Defective metabolism of fat
LIPODYSTROPHY
Substance that originates in an organ or a gland then secreats into the body
HORMONE
GH, TSH, FSH, LH, ACTH
ANTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES
ADN, Oxytocin
POSTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES
Deficiency of growth hormone results in what?
DWARFISM
Excessive growth hormone results in what for an adult is called?
ACROMEGALLY
Excessive growth hormone results in what for a child is call what?
GIANTISM
Drug given to children with growth hormone deficiency.
PROTROPIN
Growth hormone inhibitor drug.
SANDOSTATIN
Autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid gland and causes hyperthyroidism.
GRAVES
Autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid and is most common cause of hypothyroidism
HASHIMOTO DISEASE
Alpha cells
GLUCAGON
Beta cells
INSULIN
A childhood onset. Attacks the beta cells of the pancreas.
TYPE I INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELITUS
Insulant resistant disorder
TYPE II NON-INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELITUS
This gland has iodine
THYROID
The medication used for Type II Diabetees
GLUCOTROL, GLYBURIDE/GLUCOPHAGE
A quick acting Insulin is...
LISPRO-HUMALOG
Short acting insulin is...
REGULAR INSULIN
Intermediate action insulin
NPH Insulin
Long acting Insulin
LANTUS
A hormone that stimulates the growth of almost all tissues and organs.
GROWTH HORMONE (GH)
A hormone that acts on the Thyroid gland to promote the synthesis and release of thyroid hormone
THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH)
Stimulates milk production and secretion after birth.
PROLACTIN
A hormone that promotes follicular growth in the ovaries and spermatogenesis in the testes.
FOLLICLE-STIMULATING HORMONE (FSH)
A hormone that promotes ovulation and the development of the corpus luteum in the female, and acts on the testes to promote androgen (testosterone) production in the male.
LUTEINING HORMONE (LH)
A hormone that acts on the adrenal cortex to promote the synthesis and release of adrenocortical hormones.
ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE (ADH)
This Vitamin is essential to normal functioning of the nervous system.
VITAMIN B1(Thiamine)
A B1 deficiency
Beri-Beri
A vitamin the promotes the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and the synthesis of DNA.
VITAMIN B2 (Riboflavin)
Which Vitamin B deficiency causes changes in the cornea causing visual disturbance and photophobia.
VITAMIN B2 (Riboflavin)
Which Vitamin B deficiency causes Pellagra.
VITAMIN B3