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145 terms

religion final study guide+

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salvation history
saving action of God through human history
covenant
solemn promise made between 2 parties; testament
Pharisees
most influential religions sect during the lifetime of Jesus; well-education religious leaders that focused on keeping the Jews faithful to the law; also acknowledged the oral traditions of the elders
Sadducees
didn't believe in anything that wasn't mentioned in the Torah; many actively worked as Romans; wealthy, conservative, and apart of the aristocratic ruling class
Scribes
interpreters and teachers of the law most closely affiliated with the Pharisees, but also associated with the Sadducees; weren't a religious party, Jewish scholars who assisted in writing and telling Jews about their religious traditions
Essenes
withdrew completely from the world and political activity to prepare for the imminent coming of God; typically acoided all contact with foreign cultures and followed the Law of Moses to the last detail
zealots
formed a rebellious movement of militant Jews who yearned and battled for the recovery of Jewish independence; considered the acceptance of foreign government and subsequent payment of taxes to Rome as blasphemy against God
hellenistic
Greek influence
tradition
living and authentic transmission of the teachings of Jesus in the Church
biblical inspiration
process by which God the Holy Spirit assisted a human author in writing a book of the Bible; the truth that he willed us to know was conveyed without error
Epicureans
promoted the ideas that pleasure of the mind is to contemplate the pleasure of the body, the safest social pleasure was friendship, and if gods did exist, they didn't become involved in human affairs
Cynics
believed that all pleasures of life were evil and should be scorned; advocated returning to a simple, natural lifestyle
stoicism
evolved from cynism; believed that all life is part of a single system called nature and that life is good when one is in harmony with nature
divine revelation
God's communicating of himself and his plan of goodness throughout history
biblical exegesis
explanation or critical interpretation of a passage of sacred Scripture
kerygma
"proclamation"; included miracles and parables of Jesus' ministry; the message that involved Jesus' life- his deeds, Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension
didache
"teaching"; reinforced the living message within the kerygma
liturgia
"Christian worship"; recalls key events such as the teachings and prayers of Jesus
Q document
hypothetical source believed to consist mainly of the sayings of Jesus; used by Gospel of Matthew and Luke
Synoptic Gospels
Matthew, Mark, and Luke
evangelists
The Gospel writers: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John; told stories of Jesus to uncover what was at the center of the religious encounter of the community with God
infancy narratives
recorded stories in the Gospels of Jesus' conception, birth, and early years
YHWH
"Yahweh"; Hebrew name for God
beatitudes
Jesus' teachings about the meaning and path to true happiness; descriptions of the way to attain eternal blessedness to which God calls all of us
kingdom of Heaven
(kingdom of God/reign of God); gift of salvation and eternal life, God's rule of justice, love, and peace
Works of Mercy
Charitable acts by which we care for the physical and spiritual needs of others
discipleship
a life rooted in Jesus and the Church
Transfiguration
culminating moment in the public life of Jesus; this event points toward the Resurrection of Jesus
3-fold pattern
a writing technique, notably used in Mark, to emphasize particular subjects
3 part structure in Mark
Galilean Ministry, Journeys of Jesus, and Ministry in Jerusalem, Passion, Death, and Resurrection
Parousia
2nd coming of Christ at the end of time, when God's plan for salvation is accomplished and humanity is glorified
Shema
jewish profession of faith to love God with you whole mind, heart and soul
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
7 gifts of the Holy Spirit that strengthen us to spread and defend the faith
Anawim
Hebrew word referring to those who are materially or spiritually poor and are seeking God
8 sections of Luke
Prologue, Infancy Narrative, Preparation for the Public Ministry, Ministry in Galilee, Journey to Jerusalem, Teaching Ministry in Jerusalem, Passion Narrative, and Resurrection Narrative
Outcasts in Luke
sick, slaves, sinners and prostitutes, tax collectors, samaritans, and Women
logos
word
biblical inerrancy
freedom from error in the Bible
monotheism
belief in 1 God
polytheistic
belief in many gods
Ten Commandments
10 laws that prescribed the moral obligations for the Israelites
apostolic succession
uninterrupted succession of bishops; continuity of shepherding responsibility given by Christ to the Church leadership is realized in this line of authority
Baptism
1st Sacrament of Initiation; when a person is forgiven of original sin and united with Jesus
Gospels
all tell the Good News; present the story of easter faith rooted in the life, death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ; Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
Holy Trinity
3 Persons in 1 God; Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
miracles
signs of wonder that can be attributed to God only
parables
metaphors and similes drawn from common life experiences or nature to illustrate moral or spiritual truths
Pentecost
15th day following Easter when the Holy Spirit is made present, given, and communicated as a divine Person of the Trinity
Sacrament
effective sign that conveys grace and which was est. by Jesus and given to the Church
Christ
"anointed"/ "Messiah"
Incarnation
2nd Person of the Holy Trinity who assumed a human nature and became man
Messiah
"anointed"; savior sent by God to redeem his peopl from the power of sin and everlasting death and to restore them to his friendship
blasphemy
to falsely proclaim oneself as God or falsely claim to have the attributes of God, or to insult God or his name
conversion experience
an experience that turns us toward God and away from sin and encourages us to search to understand and do what God desires of us
Eucharist
sacrament of Jesus' Body and Blood, truly and really present under the appearances of the bread and wine
Paschal Mystery
Christ's work of redemption through his Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension
treason
an attempt or desire to overthrow and replace the head of the government to which one owes allegiance
sin
an offense against God; any action, word, or thought contrary to God's law; weakens our relationship with God
allegories
expressions of truths or generalizations of human experiences through the use of symbolic fictional figures or actions
ecumenism
effort to strive toward unity among all Christians
canonization
official Church statement by which a person is declared to have lived a holy life of heroic virtue
civil disobedience
act of breaking a law non-violently
communion of saints
all faithful Church members on earth, in heaven, and in purgatory
martyr
Greek for "witness"; people who died for their beliefs
persecution
act of causing suffering because of a person's belief
covenant
a solemn promise, or agreement, made btw 2 parties; the word means testament
judea
province where jesus was born and died
samaria
province btw judea and galilee, inhabitants were seen as outcasts
galilee
province where jesus spent most of his life and ministry
the great majority
the majority of the jewish pop. were poor; the mission of jesus was most clearly linked to these ppl
herod the great
governor of palestine; responsible for the killing of the innocents
herod antipas
beheaded john the baptist; returned jesus to pilate
idumean jew
idumeans were forced to accept judaism when they were conquered by the hasmonaean ruler john hyrcanus
dead sea scrolls
scrolls found by the qumran riverbed; contain info abou the beliefs and lifestyles of the jewish ppl and of the essenes(the group responsible for writing and preserving them)
pax romana
the peace of rome
koine
common greek, the common language of the mediterranean world
john the baptist
baptized jesus; was beheaded by herod antipas; ppl thoguht he was the messiah
social classes at the time of jesus
consist of eight social classes which were divided into 2 economical classes: those who were rich and those who poor
cult of isis
one of the mystery cults; this cult emphasized chastity and mortality, and promised followers immortality
mystery of the trinity
the trinity as three persons: God the father(creator), God as son(redeemer), and God the H.S.(advocate)
life and teachings of jesus
the life of jesus had an incredible impact on the world; it sparked the beginnings of the eraly church and changed history. He came to reveal the truth about God, to save human kind from its sins, and to inaugurate the kingdom of God.
oral tradition
knwn as the living tradition of early ecclesial communities
written tradition
the early christian communities began to write about the life and teachings of jesus and about the ways they celebrated and followed him
four categories of miracles
miracles of healing, miracles of exorcism, miracles over nature, miracles over death
new moses
jesus presented by mathew; the teacher of the new law
five discourses
1st discourse-sermon on the mount, 2nd-missionary discourse, 3rd-parables, 4th-the community discourse, 5th-sermon on the last days
torah
genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, deuteronomy
the new law
the beatitudes; attitude of compassion, peace, justice, and love
geneology of jesus in matthew
traces jesus' ancestry back to abraham and david; mentions the names of 5 women: tamar, rahab, ruth, bathsheba, and mary
three temptations of jesus
first-toward material power, second-to miraculous power, third to political power
material power
turn stones into loaves of bread
miraculous power
jumping off the pinnacle of the temple and being saved by angels
political power
if jesus would've worshipped the devil he would have received all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor
eternal life
the kingdom of God is the gift of salvation, life, and _______
heaven
true happiness, eternal blessedness or holiness
hell
eternal damnation?
suffering servant messiah
image of jesus in mark; jesus' life was filled with suffering
isaiah
prophesizes jesus' coming
three call narratives
galilean ministry, journeys to jerusalem, and ministry in jerusalem. passion, death, and resurrection
apostolos
one who is sent
the messianic mystery
refers to the paradox that as the messiah jesus must suffer, die, and then be raised to glory; apostles didn't understand
the messianic secret
"as jesus heals, preaches, and teaches, he instructs his followers not to tell others about his miraculous works; mark notes that jesus cannot be full revealed until the passion, death on the cross, and resurrection
geneology of jesus in mark
none because jesus is presented as a suffering servant and servants didn't have geneologies
wealth
a story in mark, about how following the commandments alone is not enough to inherit eternal life. a person need be poor in all aspectsto inherit eternal life and enter the kingdom of heaven
blindness
discipleship is going from "_____ to seeing the light"
jesus's trial
the sanhedrin could only condemn jesus, not crucify him so they took him to pilate. Pilate asks "are you the king of the jews", jesus says "you say so", jesus is charged with treason( acrime punishable by crucifixion
gentile struggles
the gentile community had to confront the the inner obstacles that kept them from being a true community of faith.
parables
metaphors or similes drawn from common life experiences or nature to illustrate moral or spiritual truths
prodigal son
a parable, there is a loss, something is found, and there is celebration
journey to jerusalem
theme in the gospel of luke
mary
the perfect model of love, perfect disciple
mary sister of martha
sat at the foot of jesus and listened, this parable reminds us to avoid distractions
the good samaritan
jesus used this parable to criticize the use of religious excuses to ignore someone in need
ritual purity
?
table fellowship
social and religious customs surrounding meals
feeding of the 5 thousand
the only one of jesus' miracles described in all four gospels
justice
giving ppl what is their due: respecting their rights, honoring their dignity ass human beings, and working to ensure that the needs and the rights of ppl are met
pre-existence
john the baptist emphasizes this; god is the word incarnate
book of signs
1st section of john; presentsthe deeds and works of jesus
book of glory
2nd section of john; presents the teachings of jesus and the events surrounding his passion, death, and resurrection
prologue of john
john the baptist emphasizes jesus's preexistence; similar to opening of genesis; jesus is the word incarnate(word made flesh)
epilogue of john
in this section, peter's role within the church is established
opposing imagery
light and darkness, life and death, etc; these allow the audience to understand that jesus and his message stand in opposition to the culture and the values of the time
I am statements
have 4 general forms: 1-jesus identifies himself with something already known to his listeners, 2-emphasize relationship btw jesus and his followers, 3-straight forward declarations, 4-self id
seven signs in john
1-water into wine, 2-heals an official's son, 3-heals a paralytic, 4- feeds 5 thousand, 5-walks on water, 6-restores sight to blind man, 7-raises lazarus from the dead
nicodemus
a pharisee and a member of the sanhedrin who underwent a gradual and slow process of conversion when he was enlightened by the light of faith
the samaritan woman
was converted into a believer through the life-giving word of jesus; the first evangelizer
woman caught in adultery
this story reinforces the importance of not judging others
last supper discourses
the spirit of truth(comfort), the vine and the branches(another i am statement), the prayer of jesus(transtion btwlast supper and arresting of jesus)
new commandment
love one another?
seamless tunic
symbolizes unity of the church
blood and water
a sign of the life-giving presence of christ and the salvation he won for us by his death and resurrection.
joseph of arimathea
along with nicodemus, prepares jesus' body and places jesus within the tomb
annas
former jewish high priest, caiaphus' father in law; it is believed jesus was taken to him for questioning before he was given to caiaphus
caiaphus
the current high priest
mary magdelene
does not enter the tomb but looks inside; doesn't believe jesus is risen until she recognizes him in the garden
mary wife of clopus
was with jesus when he died
betrayal of judas
judas turns jesus over to the sanhedrin
peter
apostle of jesus who said speeches, preached, and performed miracles
stephen
a deacon, one of the 1st martyrs, was stoned to death
philip
a deacon, 1st to bring gospel news outside or jerusalem
saul/paul
converted after he was struck down and became blind, became a preacher
council of jerusalem
a meeting in jerusalem called to resolve the growing controversy over whether gentile christians had to observe jewish law
persecution of christians
christians would be arrested or persecuted when they talked about jesus etc
the church in jerusalem
?