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1. Protists include

algae and protozoa.

2. The eukaryotic cell organelle that most resembles a bacterial cell is the


3. Eukaryotic flagella differ from prokaryotic flagella because only eukaryotic flagella

contain microtubules.

4. Cilia are found in certain


5. Chitin is a chemical component of the cell walls of


6. Cell walls are not found on typical cells of


7. The site for ribosomal RNA synthesis in eukaryotes is the


8. When a eukaryotic cell is not undergoing mitosis, the DNA and its associated proteins appear as a visible thread-like mass called the


9. Histones are

proteins associated with DNA in the nucleus.

10. The eukaryotic cell's glycocalyx is

mostly polysaccharide

11. Which of the following is found in eukaryotic cells but not in prokaryotic cells?

endoplasmic reticulum

12. The endosymbiotic theory says that precursor eukaryotic cells acquired flagella by endosymbiosis with a _____ ancestor, and others gained photosynthetic ability from endosymbiosis with a _____ ancestor.

protozoan, algae

13. The cell's series of tunnel-like membranes functioning in transport and storage are the

endoplasmic reticulum.

14. An organelle that is a stack of flattened, membranous sacs and functions to receive, modify, and package proteins for cell secretion is the

Golgi apparatus.

15. Which organelle contains cristae where enzymes and electron carriers for aerobic respiration are found?


16. Organelles found in algae but not found in protozoa or fungi are the


17. Protists with contractile vacuoles

use them to expel excess water from the cell.

18. The cytoskeleton

anchors organelles.
provides support.
functions in movements of the cytoplasm.
helps maintain cell shape.

19. The size of a eukaryotic cell ribosome is


20. Filamentous fungi are called


21. When buds remain attached, they form a chain of yeast cells called


22. Fungi that grow as yeast at one temperature but will grow as mold at another temperature are called


23. Fungal spores

are used to identify fungi.

24. Which of the following spores are produced within a sac?


25. Which of the following spores are sexually produced?


26. A mold is observed to have asexual conidia, sexual spores within a sac, and septate hyphae. It is most likely classified in the


27. What do zygospores, ascospores, and basidiospores have in common?

They are sexual spores.

28. Which is not a characteristic of fungi?


29. Blooms of certain dinoflagellates are associated with all of the following except


30. Which is mismatched?

Pyrrophyta - euglenids

31. All of the following are found in some or all protozoa except

cell wall

32. The motile, feeding stage of protozoa is called the


33. The group of protozoa that have flagella are the


34. Which is mismatched?

Plasmodium - causes Chagas disease

35. All of the following are helminths except


36. Which of the following does not pertain to helminths?

in kingdom Protista

37. Larvae and eggs are developmental forms of


38. Both fish and humans develop neurological symptoms and bloody skin lesions due to a sudden "bloom" of this algae.

Pfiesteria piscida

39. The stacks of thylakoids in a chloroplast are called


40. In order to reproduce sexually, diploid cells must produce _________ gametes through ________.

haploid, meiosis

41. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum functions in synthesis of ___________.


42. Which of the following are present in viruses?


43. On what basis are fungi classified as Fungi Imperfecti, or Deuteromycota?

Based on if the fungus lacks a sexual state.

44. Which of the following is the cause of malaria?


45. Sources for human infection with worms are all of the following except

contaminated air

46. All of the following are correct about helminthes except


47. The organelle involved in intracellular digestion of food particles is the


48. Which of the following is in the correct order?

metaphase, anaphase, cytokinesis, telophase

49. Chromosomes are not visible in the nucleus unless the cell is undergoing nuclear division. True False


50. Eukaryotic mitochondria have their own 70S ribosomes and circular DNA. True False


51. The eukaryotic cell membrane is a bilayer of sterols. True False


52. Infections caused by fungi are called mycoses. True False


53. The only Division of fungi that contains human pathogens is the Deuteromycota. True False


54. All fungi have hyphae. True False


55. All algae have chloroplasts. True False


56. Algae are classified into Divisions based principally on their type of motility. True False


57. Plankton are floating communities of helminths. True False


58. Fungi are autotrophic. True False


59. Biologists have found evidence that eukaryotic cells evolved from prokaryotic organisms by a process of intracellular _____.


60. There are nine peripheral pairs and one central pair of _____ found inside eukaryotic flagella and cilia.


61. The passageways in the nuclear envelope for movement of substances to and from the nucleus and cytoplasm are called nuclear _____.


62. Proteins associated with DNA in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells are called _______.


63. A _____ originates from the Golgi apparatus as one type of vesicle that contains a variety of enzymes for intracellular digestion.


64. Chloroplasts are composed of membranous sacs called _____ that carry chlorophyll. Surrounding these sacs is a ground substance called _____.

thylakoids, stroma

65. In eukaryotic cells, ribosomes have two locations: scattered in the _____, and on the surface of _____.

cytoplasm, rough er

66. The long, thread-like branching cells of molds are called _____.


67. During unfavorable growth conditions, many protozoa can convert to a resistant, dormant stage called a _____.


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