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32 terms

Buddhism Cards

flashcards for the Buddhism unit.
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anicca
One of the Three Marks of Existence; the Buddhist doctrine that all existent things are constantly changing.
arhat
one who has become enlightened; the ideal type of Theravada Buddhism
bodhisattvas
future Buddhas. As the ideal types for Mahayana Buddhism; being who have experienced enlightenment but, motivated by compassion, stop short of entering nirvana so as to help others achieve it.
Buddha
An Indian prince named Siddhartha Gautama, who renounced his wealth and social position. After becoming 'enlightened' (the meaning of Buddha) he enunciated the principles of Buddhism. (180)
Dalai Lama
The spiritual leader of Vajrayana (Tibetan) Buddhism, believed to be an incarnation of the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara.
Dharma
the teaching of the Buddha, and one of the Three Jewels of Buddhism.
Dukkha
The first of the Four Noble Truths, the basic Buddhist insight that suffering is part of the human condition.
Five Precepts
the basic moral requirements that are all binding of all Buddhists.
Four Nobel Truths
1) all human life involves suffering and sorrow 2) Desire for a life of pleasure material gain causes suffering 3) renouncing desires frees people from suffering, helps Nirvana 4). 8-fold path leads to reincarnation, or denial of desire + attainment of Nirvana
Karma
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
Mahayana
"the Great Vehicle" - The largest of Buddhism's three divisions, prevalent in China, Japan and Korea, encompasses a variety of forms, including those that emphasize devotion and prayer to the Buddhas and bodhisattvas.
Mandalas
Patterned icons that visually excite; used in Vajrayana Buddhism to enhance meditation., Patterned icons that visually excite; used in Vajrayana Buddhism to enhance meditation.
Mantras
phrases or syllables chanted to evoke deity or to enhance meditation; used in Hinduism and Buddhism, especially in Vajrayana.
Middle Way
A basic Buddhist teaching that rejects both the pleasures of sensual indulgence and the self-denial of asceticism, focusing instead on a practical approach to spiritual attainment.
Mudras
Choreographed hand movements used in the rituals of Vajrayana Buddhism.
Nirvana
"blowing out" - the ultimate goal of all Buddhists, the extinction of desire and any sense of individual selfhood, resulting in liberation from samsara and its limiting conditions.
Pali
an ancient language of India, similar to Sanskrit but more commonly understood, and used in the writing of the earliest Buddha texts, most important for Theravada Buddhism.
Samsara
the wheel of rebirth or reincarnation; the this-worldly realm in which rebirth occurs.
Sangha
The Buddhist community of monks and nuns; one of the Three Jewels of Buddhism.
Tanha
The second of the Four Noble Truths, selfish desire, which causes dukkha.
Theravada
"the way of the Elders" - Prevalent form of Buddhism in Cambodia, Myanmar (formerly Burma), Sri Lanka, and Thailand; focuses on the earliest texts and emphasizes monastic lifestyle.
Lotus Sutra
Mahayana Buddhist text revealing the cosmological nature of a Buddha and universal characteristics
Pure Land
a Buddhist sect in China and Japan that centers on faith in Amida Buddha, who promised to welcome believers to the paradise of the Pure Land, a metaphor for enlightenment
Three Marks of Existence
Characteristics that summarize the changing nature of reality: anatta (no-self), anicca (impermanence), and dukkha (suffering).
Prajna
One of the Buddhism beliefs: Discernment, insight, wisdom, and enlightenment
Bhodi tree
where bhudda found enlightenment
Ksharyia
the caste in which Siddhartha Gautama was born into.
equinimity
'the quality of being calm and even-tempered'
Kundun
means presence
Ihasa
the holy city of Tibet
Om Mane Padme Hum
the mantra most widely used of all Buddhist mantras
China
country that invaded Tibet in 1950.