Chapter 24 USH
Terms in this set (32)
last name means "man of steel", took control of the country. He focused on creating a model communist state. He made both agricultural and Industrial growth the prime economic goals of the Soviet Union. Abolished all privately owned farms and replaced them with collectives (large government owner farms). Transformed the Soviet Union into a great industrial power. Established totalitarian government.
Characteristic of a political system in which the government exercises complete control over its citizens' lives.
Establishing a totalitarian regime in Italy. A powerful speaker, who knew how or appeal to Italy's wounded national pride. Played on the fears of economic collapse and communism. Won support of many discontented Italians. Established the Fascist Party.
At the end of world war 1, Hitler had been a jobless solider drifting around Germany. Joined a struggling group called the National Socialist German Works Party (Nazi Party). A powerful public speaker and organizer that quickly became the partys leader. Called himself "The Leader", promised Germany he would bring them out of chaos. Had a book called Mein Kampf (My Struggle).
Rebelled against the Spanish republic.
A series of laws enacted in 1935 and 1936 to prevent US arms sales and loans to nations at war.
How did the Treaty of Versailles sow the seeds of instability in Europe?
The treaty blamed Germany for the war, and striped the nation of its territories while at the same time making it pay exorbitant reparations, causing a deep resentment towards the countries who put together the treaty. Russia was also filled with resentment towards the countries of the Treaty of Versailles due to the fact that during the treaty they lost land-Poland, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia. The war torn countries after the war had been forced to have democracy, yet the democracies fell apart and laid the way to dictatorships. Some of the dictators were content in collecting taxes and making sure their countries survived, others were filled with revenge and had plans for success and power.
Why do you think Hitler found widespread support among the German People?
Germany was devastated by the effects of World War I. The nation suffered from severe economic depression. Hitler promoted the Nazi party as a way to restore national pride.
Would powerful nations or weak nations be more likely to follow an isolationist policy?
Strong, self-sufficient nations can afford to adopt isolationist policies. Weaker nations are often too dependent on foreign powers.
British Prime Minister who met with Hitler in Munich. Signed the Munich agreement. Adopted a shameful policy of Appeasement.
The granting of concessions to a hostile power in order to keep the peace.
An agreement in which two nations promise not to go to war with each other.
From the German word meaning "lightning war," a sudden, massive attack with combined air and ground forces, intended to achieve a quick victory.
Charles De Gaulle
A french general who fled to England, where he set up a government in exile.
To what extent do you think lies and deception played a role in Hitler's tactics?
Hitler's deceptions included: charging the Czechs with abusing Sudeten Germans; claiming that Sudetenland was his last territorial demand; accusing Poles of brutalizing Germans; signing a secret pact with the Soviet Union dividing Poland; justifying the invasion of Denmark and Norway as necessary to safeguard his plans.
If you had been a member of the British House of Commons in 1938, would you have voted for or against the Munich Agreement?
For: Appeasement would help avert war; compromise is not a sign of weakness.
The systematic murder-or genocide-of Jews and other groups in Europe by the Nazis before and during World War 2
"Night of broken glass," a name given to the night of November 9, 1938, when gangs of Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues in Germany.
The deliberate and systematic extermination of a particular racial, national, or religious group.
A city neighborhood in which a certain minority group is pressured or forced to live.
A prison camp operated by Nazi Germany in which Jews and other groups considered to be enemies of Adolf Hitler were starved while doing slave labor or were murdered.
Do you think that the United States was justified in not allowing more Jewish refugees to emigrate?
Justified: The United States had to protect the national security and the welfare of its citizens, including job security.
Why do you think the Nazi system of systematic genocide was so brutally effective?
There was no effective opposition in Germany to Hitler's plan for mass extinction. Nazis propaganda loudly proclaimed that the Germans were a superior race destined to rule the world. At the same time they preached that Jews, Poles and other groups were inferior races. Hitler used the Jews as scapegoats for Germany's problems following World War I. He stripped them of their rights and then used terror and propaganda to coerce them into giving up their freedom.
How might concentration camp doctors and guards have justified to themselves the death and suffering they caused other human beings?
They believed that their prisoners were subhuman, thus they were not actually killing or torturing human beings. They might claim that they were simply following orders and had no choice.
The group of nations-including Germany, Italy, and Japan-that opposed the Allies in WW2
Lend Lease Act
A law, passed in 1941, that allowed the United States to ship arms and other supplies, without immediate payment, to nations fighting the Axis powers.
A 1941 declaration of principles in which the US and Great Britain set forth their goals in opposing the Axis powers.
In World War 2-the group of nations-including Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the US-that opposed the Axis powers.
Chief of staff of Japans Kwantung Army, launched the invasion into China.
Do you think that the United States should have waited to be attacked before declaring war?
Waited: An attack by Japan would swing public opinion away from isolationism and allow Roosevelt to enter the war with the support of the American people.
What problem would the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor solve for Roosevelt? What new problems would it create?
The attack would unify public support behind the war effort, but it would cripple the fleet needed to fight the war.