Latin 1 Stage 5 Culture: The Theater at Pompeii

STUDY
PLAY
When were plays performed in Pompeii?
Not every day, but only at festivals held several times a year.
What three types of people went to plays?
Men, women, and their slaves.
What three things might they take with them to the theater?
Cushions, food, and drink.
Who did not have to hurry to the plays? Why not?
The members of the town council and other important citizens, for whom the best seats in the front of the auditorium were reserved.
Where were latecomers seated?
Had to sit at the top of the large semicircular auditorium.
How many people could the large open-air theater hold?
5,000 people
What was the Odeon?
A smaller, more elegant, roofed theater.
What was the cavea?
seating area; semicircular sloping auditorium in which seats rose in tiers
What was the orchēstra?
horseshoe-shaped seating space for important officials
What was the scaena?
The stage
What was the scaenae frōns?
Behind the stage. A building as high as the auditorium with three or five doorways. the entire front was decorated with columns and niches.
What was the admission charge to the theater?
free
Who paid the theatrical production expenses? For what two reasons did he do this?
A wealthy citizen; to benefit local citizens and gain political popularity for local elctions
List three possible sources of relief from the heat of the sun.
a large canvas awning managed by sailors
hats or sunshades
scented water sprinkled on audience
What was the pantomime?
One of the most popular kinds of production. A mixture of opera and ballet. A serious plot taken from Greek myths. Different characters were mimed or danced by a masked performer while a chorus sang lyrics.
What performers did it require?
They were usually Greek slaves or freedmen because of their skill and stamina.
Who were the actors of the community?
Sorex: discovered at Pompeii.
Actius
What were the farces?
Vulgar plays at the end of longer performances. About the Italian country life and packed with rude jokes and slapstick. Used a few familiar characters, such as Pappus and Manducus.
When were they usually performed?
At the end of plays.
How did the audience recognize the characters?
Strange masks worn by the actors.
What were these things made of?
linen covered in plaster and painted
Name two famous writers of Roman comedies.
Plautus
Terence
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