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43 terms

Chapter 11-12 Late Antiquity and early Christian and Byzantine Art

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Catacomb
subterranean network of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries
Rotunda
the circular area under a dome; also a domed round building
Synagogue
a Jewish house of worship, often having facilities for religious instruction
Old Testament
the first of the two main divisions of the Christian Bible, comprising the Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa
Illuminated manuscript
luxurious handmade book with painted illustrations and decorations
piers
vertical, freestanding masonry supports
iconoclasm
the destruction of images
pendentives
concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, four of which provide the transition from a square area to the circular base of a covering dome
Crucifixion
the death of Jesus upon the Cross
Old Saint Peter's Church
basillican church build by constantine
Transfiguration
the transformation of jesus from human to son of god often shown in art by a cruciform surrounded by light
Annunciation
the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary of her conception of Christ
Anastasis
a representation in Byzantine art of Christ harrowing hell
Conches
a half-dome
nimbus
a halo appearing around the head of a holy figure to signify divinity
cruciform
cross shaped
cupola
a roof in the form of a dome
iconography
refers to the content, or subject, of an art work, and to the study of it
diptych
a 2 paneled painting or altarpiece
Revenna
The architect who built the Tomb of Galla Placida and also San Vitale (?) A naval outpost on the Italian Pennisula.
Justinian
Byzantine emperor in the 6th century A.D. who reconquered much of the territory previously ruler by Rome, initiated an ambitious building program , including Hagia Sofia, as well as a new legal code
Parchment
skin of a sheep or goat prepared for writing on
Greek (Eastern) Orthodox Church
the equivalent of the Roman Catholic Church in the Byzantine East; located in Constantinople
lunette
A semicircular area in architecture; It's a painting or relif with a semicircular frame
orants
a figure with both arms raised in the ancient gesture of prayer
central plan
A building in which the sides are of equal length and in which the main space is symmetrical when bisected laterally and longitudinally.
Torah niche
a recession in a wall used to house a Torah
New Testament
the second part of the bible; it tells you about the life and teachings of Jesus and about his followers
vellum
calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting
icons
a panel with a painting of sacred persons that are objects of veneration (respect/worship)
squinches
architectural devices used as a transition from a square to a polygonal or circular base for a dome
pantokrater
Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth
mosaic
patterns or pictures made by embedding small pieces of stone or glass in cement on surfaces such as walls and floors
mausoleum
monumental tomb
Venice
An Italian trading city on the Ariatic Sea, agreed to help the Byzantines' effort to regain the lands in return for trading privileges in Constantinople.
mandorla
an almond-shaped nimbus surrounding sacred figures.
exedra
Recessed area, usually semicircular
Gospels
the 4 New Testament books that relate to the life and teachings of Jesus
Eucharist
the partaking of bread and wine, which Christians hold to be either Christ himself, or symbolic of him
theotokos
the virgin mary
tessarae
tiny stones or pieces of glass cut to the desired shape and size to form a mosaic
Hagia Sophia
Most famous example of Byzantine architecture, it was built under Justinian I and is considered one of the most perfect buildings in the world.
monastery
A community in which monks lead lives devoted to religion.