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Chapter 11-12 Late Antiquity and early Christian and Byzantine Art
subterranean network of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries
the circular area under a dome; also a domed round building
a Jewish house of worship, often having facilities for religious instruction
the first of the two main divisions of the Christian Bible, comprising the Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa
luxurious handmade book with painted illustrations and decorations
vertical, freestanding masonry supports
the destruction of images
concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, four of which provide the transition from a square area to the circular base of a covering dome
the death of Jesus upon the Cross
Old Saint Peter's Church
basillican church build by constantine
the transformation of jesus from human to son of god often shown in art by a cruciform surrounded by light
the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary of her conception of Christ
a representation in Byzantine art of Christ harrowing hell
a halo appearing around the head of a holy figure to signify divinity
a roof in the form of a dome
refers to the content, or subject, of an art work, and to the study of it
a 2 paneled painting or altarpiece
The architect who built the Tomb of Galla Placida and also San Vitale (?) A naval outpost on the Italian Pennisula.
Byzantine emperor in the 6th century A.D. who reconquered much of the territory previously ruler by Rome, initiated an ambitious building program , including Hagia Sofia, as well as a new legal code
skin of a sheep or goat prepared for writing on
Greek (Eastern) Orthodox Church
the equivalent of the Roman Catholic Church in the Byzantine East; located in Constantinople
A semicircular area in architecture; It's a painting or relif with a semicircular frame
a figure with both arms raised in the ancient gesture of prayer
A building in which the sides are of equal length and in which the main space is symmetrical when bisected laterally and longitudinally.
a recession in a wall used to house a Torah
the second part of the bible; it tells you about the life and teachings of Jesus and about his followers
calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting
a panel with a painting of sacred persons that are objects of veneration (respect/worship)
architectural devices used as a transition from a square to a polygonal or circular base for a dome
Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth
patterns or pictures made by embedding small pieces of stone or glass in cement on surfaces such as walls and floors
An Italian trading city on the Ariatic Sea, agreed to help the Byzantines' effort to regain the lands in return for trading privileges in Constantinople.
an almond-shaped nimbus surrounding sacred figures.
Recessed area, usually semicircular
the 4 New Testament books that relate to the life and teachings of Jesus
the partaking of bread and wine, which Christians hold to be either Christ himself, or symbolic of him
the virgin mary
tiny stones or pieces of glass cut to the desired shape and size to form a mosaic
Most famous example of Byzantine architecture, it was built under Justinian I and is considered one of the most perfect buildings in the world.
A community in which monks lead lives devoted to religion.