Unit 3: Asia
Terms in this set (37)
an Indian soldier serving under British or other European orders.
one who governed in India in the name of the British crown
Indian National Congress
formed in 1885 this organization pushed for Indian independence from Britain
Indian Rebellion of 1857
widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857-58.
exporting more goods than are imported
importing more goods than are exported
The Opium War
also known as the First Opium War, fought between China and Great Britain, over conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the status of foreign nationals
Treaty of Nanjing
treaty that ended the first Opium War, the first of the unequal treaties between China and foreign imperialist powers. China paid the British an indemnity, ceded the territory of Hong Kong, and agreed to establish a "fair and reasonable" tariff.
a massive civil war in China that lasted from 1850 to 1864, which was fought between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Christian millenarian movement of the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace. The rebellion took an estimated 20,000,000 lives.
the empire of Japan defeats the Chinese Qing Dynasty, this war shifted the power of East Asia. China lost Taiwan and no longer held control over Korea.
Open Door Policy
statement of principles initiated by the United States (1899, 1900) for the protection of equal privileges among countries trading with China and in support of Chinese territorial and administrative integrity.
officially supported peasant uprising of 1900 that attempted to drive all foreigners from China. "Boxers" was a name that foreigners gave to a Chinese secret society known as the Yihequan ("Righteous and Harmonious Fists").
last feudal Japanese military government which existed between 1603 and 1868. The heads of government were the shoguns, and each was a member of the Tokugawa clan.
assigned a diplomatic mission by American President Millard Fillmore to force the opening of Japanese ports to American trade, through the use of gunboat diplomacy if necessary.
a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868. This accelerated industrialization in Japan, which led to its rise as a military power by the year 1905, under the slogan of "Enrich the country, strengthen the military"
a legislature, especially when discussing Japan
powerful banking and industrial families in Japan during the Meiji restoration
the three states of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union. The term Indochina refers to the intermingling of Indian and Chinese influences in the culture of the region.
war between Spain and the United States. The US navy destroyed a Spanish fleet, which led to a Filipino revolt of Spanish rule. However, the US took the Philippines as a colony after the war.
was the last monarch and only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaii. The United States eventually annexed the land.
an unarmed crowd protested a ban on public meetings. British soldiers opened fire killing approximately 400 people and wounded nearly 1,100.
Hindu doctrine of nonviolence or reverence for all life
An idea put forth by American Henry David Thoreau and inspired by the actions of Jesus in which unjust laws should be disobeyed with nonviolent methods
lowest caste or class in the Indian culture
non-violent leader of the Indian National Congress. This individual used public protest to eventually obtain Indian independence from Britain
1930 protest in which Gandhi and followers made a 240-mile trek to the sea. Upon reaching the sea Gandhi was arrested for disobeying a law that upheld a British monopoly on salt.
members of an Indian religious minority group that practiced monotheism.
1947 division of the Indian subcontinent into Muslim-majority Pakistan and Hindu majority India
a state in the Himalayas containing both Hindu and Muslim populations that has been the site of armed conflict between India and Pakistan
elected as the first female prime minister of India in 1966. She was eventually assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards following her actions to stop an Sikh uprising in Punjab.
formerly East Pakistan, this country won independence in 1971.
doctrine of political and diplomatic independence from both Cold War superpowers (USA and USSR). This stance was officially coined as the "3rd world." 1st world = USA ally; 2nd world = USSR ally.
government that has unlimited power. Myanmar in particular had a harsh military government that held nearly unlimited power.
military leader in Indonesia who initially protected the countries first president Sukarno, but eventually seized power himself. He slaughtered anyone associated with Communism. He was overthrown in 1998.
former Portuguese colony that won independence from Indonesia in 2002.
Communist leader of China. Won the Chinese Civil War 1945-1949.
October 1934- October 1935. The Red Army or Chinese fled KMT forces in a series of marches to the west and north.
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