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Terms in this set (66)
The bowing back of the knee posteriorly beyond normal extension range is called
The iliofemoral ligament and the pubofemoral ligament are collectively called the ___________ ligament at the hip.
Primary internal rotators of the hip
tensor fascia lata
These muscles contribute to medial rotation at the knee
If an individual injured the knee and it was now unstable side-to-side, which ligament was most likely torn or damaged?
If the doctor tells you that you have pulled your "groin" muscle, which muscle have you injured?
The distal end of the rectus femoris tendon attaches to this bony landmark on the tibia:
The function of the menisci of the knee is to:
-be a shock absorber between the tibia and femur
-disperse synovial fluid in the capsule during movement
-aid in distribution of forces at the knee
______ refers to the pelvis tipping backwards.
The acetabulum is the junction of which parts?
The pelvis forms a central _____
The rectus femoris is this type of muscle
The menisci of the knee provides_______
The knee primarily is this type of joint.
Ligaments, capsules, menisci are considered _____
Muscles around the knee are considered _____
Grand battement to the front.
Arabesque to the back.
Closing the legs to first position from a tendu in second.
Jumping in the air while opening both legs to second position
Stability of the hip socket is aided by the labrum (T/F)
The amount of external rotation a dancer has in his or her hips is greatly determined by the amount of anteversion in the femoral socket (T/F)
The greater and lesser trochanter are bony landmarks on the ilium (T/F)
The rectus femoris is the strongest muscle in the human body (T/F)
The muscle located posterior to the iliotibial tract is the:
There is decreased hip flexion range of motion when the knee is straight because of limited flexibility of which muscle?
What is similar about the rectus femoris muscle and the biceps femoris muscle?
They both cross the hip and knee joints
Which muscle is the PRIMARY hip abductor?
The anterior cruciate ligament of the knee resists anterior displacement of the tibia on the femur.
Which muscle is the antagonist to the hip flexor(iliopsoas)?
The patella is located outside the knee joint capsule.
The menisci of the knee are intra-articular discs made of _________________.
There is less knee flexion range of motion when the hip is extended.
Another term for the pelvis tipping forward causing lumbar lordosis is called _________________.
The hip joint is rarely dislocated.
Which landmark on the femur serves as an important attachment for the adductor muscles?
The heavy fibrous area of deep fascia of the upper leg is called the ______________ tract.
Lumbar lordosis seen from a side view shows an excessive increase in the curve of the lumbar spine.
The diaphragm moves in which direction on inhalation?
The jello-like structure on the inside of the intervertebral disc is called the ______________ pulposus.
To what does the image 'a bucket handle moving upward and downward" refer?
thoracic wall in breathing
A dancer that "rolls down" the spine is actually sequentially flexing each segment of the spine in the sagittal plane.
The erector spinae muscles actively ________ (flex or extend) the spine.
The connection between the pelvis and the femur bone is the _________ joint.
he _________ is composed of 5 fused vertebrae.
Which of these sacral structures articulates with the 5th lumbar vertebra?
The purpose of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine is to check or limit spine extension.
Which of these bony landmarks of the sternum is the attachment site for the first rib?
The abdominals also serve as muscles of ______________.
What connects the diaphragm to the lumbar spine in the lower body?
The _____________________ is a major muscle that depends upon the abdominal muscles to support the front of the pelvis in order to facilitate hip flexion.
The head is _______to the feet.
The shoulder is ______to the elbow joint.
The arm is ______to the trunk.
The spine is ____ to the scapula.
Fibrous joints are united by fibrous tissue and usually have more motion than synovial joints.
Drawing the shoulders toward the back or squeezing the shoulder blades together is called _______________.
Circling the leg in the hip socket is called_________________.
A muscle contraction in which there is no joint motion resulting is called a/an ______________ contraction.
A ligament is a band that connects a muscle to a bone.
The site of the attachment of a muscle to a bone at its mobile point is called the origin.
Moving the sole of the foot away from the big toe is called ________________.
The intervertebral disc in the adult spine is a example of a ____________ joint type.
The rib cage would be considered part of the _________skeleton.
The knee is an example of a synovial joint.
The bicipital groove located on the humerus bone of the arm suggests it is what type of structure?
long narrow identation
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