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42 terms

Poetry Skills

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poetry
A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
Assonance
repetition of similar vowel sounds
end rhyme
occurs at the end of lines
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
simile
comparison using like or as
symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else
metaphor
a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as - when you say something is something else
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
euphemism
An indirect, less offensive or nice way of saying something that is considered unpleasant
ode
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
limerick
a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet
haiku
a major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.
tercet
three line stanza
onomatopoeia
a word that imitates the sound it represents
quatrain
a four line stanza
cinquain
5 line stanza
heptastitch
a stanza with seven lines
octave
8 line stanza
couplet
a pair of rhyming lines
rhyme
two words that sound similar at the end; repetition of sounds at the end of words
near rhyme, half rhyme, slant rhyme
a rhyme in which the sounds are similar, but not exact, as in home and come or close and lose.
foot in poetry
the basic unit of verse meter consisting of many various fixed combinations or groups of stressed and unstressed or long and short syllables
meter
number and type of beats in a poem
internal thyme
rhyming two words within a single line of poetry
denotation
The dictionary definition of a word
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
ballad
a song or songlike poem that tells a story
free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
irony
the opposite between what might be expected and what actually occurs
oxymoron
an expression in which two words that contradict each other are joined
epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
lyric poem
a short poem of songlike quality
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
figurative language
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
repetition
the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device
rhyme scheme
the pattern of end rhymes in a poem
concrete poem
a poem with a shape that suggests its subject.
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme