30 terms

Recent American History 3

Betty Friedan
An author and political activist who founded the National Organization for Women. In 1963, she published a book called "The Feminine Mystique" which proved fundamental to the women's movement.
The Feminine Mystique
Name Betty Friedan's book which attempted to document the wide spread discontent that 20th century women experienced with a life generally limited to housewifery and child-rearing.
Fulbright Scholarship
Since 1946 this program has competitively selected U.S. citizens for scholarships to study, conduct research, or exercise their talents abroad. It also has allowed citizens of other countries to do the same in the United States.
Lou Gehrig
This baseball player and teammate of Babe Ruth set a record for playing in over 2000 consecutive games that was not broken until 1999. He is best known for his death in his 30s from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis which has become commonly known by his name. He contracted the disease in 1939.
Lou Gehrig's Disease
What is the common name of ALS (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) which is the deterioration of the motor neurons in the spinal cord that leads to progressive paralysis and suffocation.
GI Bill
A law passed in 1944 that provided educational and other benefits for people who had served in the armed forces in World War II.
GI Joe
A nickname for U.S. soldiers, particularly during WWII.
Barry Goldwater
A political leader of the 20th century, he represented Arizona for over 30 years in the Senate and was a leading spokesman for American conservatism. As the Republican nominee, he lost the presidential election of 1964 to President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Barry Goldwater
What republican lost the election of 1964 to President Lyndon B. Johnson?
Billy Graham
This Southern Baptist televangelist is famous for having met with many US Presidents. He was associated with the rise of the New Right and the "moral majority" movement in America in the 1970's.
This is a person who preaches the gospel, often traveling from place to place.
Great Society
The name President Lyndon Johnson gave to his aims in domestic policy. The goals of this program were clean air and water, expanded educational opportunities, and the lessening of poverty and disease in the United States.
Griswold vs Connecticut
This 1965 Supreme Court Decision overturned an old Connecticut law that made it illegal to use or disseminate information about contraception. The court found that the law invaded the constitutional right of privacy.
William F. Halsey
This admiral commanded the US fleets in the Pacific Ocean during WWII and achieved notable victories at Guadalcanal and on the Japanese Coast.
What was William F. Halsey's nickname?
Alger Hiss
This official of the State Department was accused by Whittaker Chambers, a former communist, of having been a secret agent of the Soviet Union during the 1930s. He denied the charge, but was later convicted of lying under oath and imprisoned. This case is still contoversial, as many believe he was victimized by the hysteria against communists.
Richard Nixon
This congressman and later president became known nationwide through his part in the investigation against Alger Hiss.
Jimmy Hoffa
This labor leader built the Teamsters Union into a powerful organization. He was imprisoned from 1967 to 1971 for the misuse of pension funds and jury tampering, and he disappeared in 1975. It is widely assumed he was murdered.
J. Edgar Hoover
He became director of the FBI in 1924 and stayed in that position until his death in 1972. He is a controversial figure. Some support him as a pioneer in scientific law enforcement, while others say he abused his power, particularly in his investigation of the supposed influence of communists on the civil rights movement.
I have a dream
This is a phrase from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s most famous speech, delivered at a large rally in Washington, D.C. in 1963 to supporters of the Civil Right's movement.
I shall return
These were the famous words of General Douglas MacArthur in 1942 as he left the Philippines during WWII when Japanese forces were about to conquer them.
Iran-Contra Affair
A scandal in the administration of President Ronald Reagan, which came to light when it was revealed that in the mid-1980s, the US secretly arranged arms sales to Iran in return for the release of American hostages in Lebanon. Proceeds from those arms sales were covertly and illegally funneled to the Contras, rebels fighting the Marxist Sandinista government in Nicaragua.
These rebels fought the Marxist Sandinista government in Nicaragua in the 1980s.
This was the Cuban sponsored Communist government of Nicaragua that fought the Contras. They were opposed by the U.S. government in the 1980s.
Ivy League
a group of eight old distinguished colleges and universities in the East, known for their ivy-covered brick buildings.
Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Dartmouth, University of Pennsylvania
Name the 8 Ivy League schools.
Iwo Jima
An island in the Pacific Ocean taken from the Japanese by the U.S. Marines near the end of WWII after a furious battle. The battle has been immortalized by a famous photograph and a sculpture based on that photograph of a half a dozen Marines raising the flag of the United States on a summit there.
Jesse Jackson
An African American clergyman and political leader in the Civil Rights movement who has energetically encouraged self-confidence in young black people. He ran for president in the Democratic primaries of 1984 and 1988.
internment of Japanese Americans
This was an action taken by the federal government in 1942 after Japan bombed Pearl harbor. Government officials feared that Americans of Japanese descent might be treasonous and so forced more than 100,000 (of which 2/3 were American citizens) into relocation camps taking their homes, businesses and other properties in the process.
John Birch Society
A conservative organization prominent in the 1950s and 1960s particularly concerned with the dangers of communism. It's views were considered extreme by most Americans.