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47 terms

American Government Unit 3 Vocabulary

STUDY
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Closed Primary
have to be an official member of a party to vote
Committee on Credentials
decides who can be in the convention
Conservative
government governs best when governs least, most regulation should be state or local level
County Committee
made up of all Precinct Captains, supervise daily political life of district
Crossover Voting
more in primaries, consider self one political party and vote full slate of candidates for the other political party
Inauguration
President is sworn in on January 20th
Independent Voter
someone who is not a registered member of one party
Left Wing
groups who want more government action
Liberal
look to government to solve problems, but don't support government takeover
Moderate
middle, majority of Americans, accept government as they find it, mind changes depending on the issue
National Committee
5 jobs to write party platform, oversee state committee, supervise selection of candidates on national level, fund raising and organize the national convention
Open Primary
don't have to belong to a party to vote in a Primary, but have to choose one party
Patronage
ability of a political party to distribute jobs or favors (abuse: hiring unqualified people)
Party Platform
all the party's views on various issues
Political Machine
operate at County Level, behind the scenes powerbrokers to pull strings to put someone in office, help people in situations and use voting in return
Precinct
basic unit, do the grunt work (run polling places, count ballots), Precinct Captain is head
Presidential Preference Primary
only in Presidential Primary, no delegates commit to anyone so an unselected official can be voted in
Radical
someone who believes problems of the country can only be solved by extreme measures and require immediate change
Radical Left
all problems can be best solved by the government
Radical Right
anti-communist, denounce any government regulation
Reactionary
person with extremely conservative pol views who favors moving back to an earlier gov
Split Ticket Voting
vote for some Democrats and some Republicans
Ward
a very large Precinct
Favorite Son
only gets votes from delegates if it's a brokered convention, gets votes from behind the scenes and is an unexpected nominee
Plank
each individual stance, makes up platform
"Balancing the Ticket"
used to select running mate of President who is strong in some area the candidate is weak in
Ideology
a body of ideas of the world that reflect the social needs, values and ideas of an individual group
Consensus
trying to arrive at a collective opinion
Direct Primary
all party members vote to choose party's candidate for election
Australian Ballot
ballot marked in secret
Blanket Primary
type of open primary, vote for candidates on an office to office basis, for either party
Runoff Primary
no one gets the majority in primary so the top 2 are selected and another primary is run
Incumbent
person currently holding office
Federal Election Commission (FEC)
.
Political Action Committees (PACS)
pol arm of an interest group set up to contribute to pol campaigns
Soft Money
money, not regulated federal law, used by pol parties for general expenses
Lame Duck
someone who's leaving office but continues to serve for a short time even though someone has been newly selected
Majority
more than half the votes received by a candidate
Plurality
largest number of votes received by a candidate
"Dark Horse" Candidate
one who receives unexpected support as a candidate for nomination
Right Wing
groups who want less government action
Straight Ticket Voting
vote for all of one party
State Committee
5 jobs to write party platform, oversee county committee, supervise selection of candidates on state level, fund raising and organize the state convention
CPA
Chosen in a Caucus, Picked in a Primary, Appointed; applies t becoming part of Precinct, State Committee, and National Committee
DNC
Democratic National Committee
RNC
Republican National Committee
Delegates
picked in primary, can be chosen at a state convention, picked in a primary, appointed by a state committee and go to national convention to vote on rules/regulations and the party platform